Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 916
Filter
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 867: 161487, 2023 Jan 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638977

ABSTRACT

Triphenyltin (TPT) is widely distributed on coastlines, which makes coral reef fish a potential target of TPT pollution. However, the negative effects of TPT on coral reef fish remain poorly understood. Therefore, in the present study, the larval coral reef fish Amphiprion ocellaris was used to investigate the developmental toxicities of TPT at environmentally relevant concentrations (0, 1, 10 and 100 ng/L). After TPT exposure for 14 d, the cumulative mortality increased, and growth was suppressed. In addition, TPT exposure inhibited the development of melanophores and xanthophores and delayed white strip formation, which might be responsible for the disruption of the genes (erbb3b, mitfa, kit, xdh, tyr, oca2, itk and trim33) related to pigmentation. TPT exposure also attenuated ossification of head skeletal elements and the vertebral column and inhibited the expression of genes (bmp2, bmp4 and sp7) related to skeletal development. The observed developmental toxicities on growth, pigmentation and skeleton development might be associated with the disruption of thyroid hormones and the genes related to thyroid hormone regulation (tshß, thrα, thrß, tg, tpo, dio2, and ttr). In addition, TPT exposure interfered with locomotor and shoaling behavior, and the related genes dbh, avp and avpr1aa. Taken together, our results suggest that TPT pollution might threaten the development of one of the most iconic coral reef fish, which might produce disastrous consequences on the health of coral reef ecosystems.

2.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626275

ABSTRACT

VemR is a response regulator of the two-component signalling systems (TCSs). It consists solely of a receiver domain. Previous studies have shown that VemR plays an important role in influencing the production of exopolysaccharides and exoenzymes, cell motility, and virulence of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc). However, whether VemR is involved in the essential pathogenicity determinant type III secretion system (T3SS) is unclear. In this work, we found by transcriptome analysis that VemR modulates about 10% of Xcc genes, which are involved in various cellular processes including the T3SS. Further experiments revealed that VemR physically interacts with numerous proteins, including the TCS sensor kinases HpaS and RavA, and the TCS response regulator HrpG, which directly activates the transcription of HrpX, a key regulator controlling T3SS expression. It has been demonstrated previously that HpaS composes a TCS with HrpG or VemR to control the expression of T3SS or swimming motility, while RavA and VemR form a TCS to control the expression of flagellar genes. Mutation analysis and in vitro transcription assay revealed that phosphorylation might be essential for the function of VemR and phosphorylated VemR could significantly enhance the activation of hrpX transcription by HrpG. We infer that the binding of VemR to HrpG can modulate the activity of HrpG to the hrpX promoter, thereby enhancing hrpX transcription. Although further studies are required to validate this inference and explore the detailed functional mechanism of VemR, our findings provide some insights into the complex regulatory cascade of the HpaS/RavA-VemR/HrpG-HrpX signal transduction system in the control of T3SS.

3.
Brain Sci ; 12(12)2022 Dec 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552189

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) is effective for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). We aimed to explore the modulating effect of prolonged longitudinal taVNS on the striatal subregions' functional connectivity (FC) in MDD patients. METHODS: Sixteen MDD patients were enrolled and treated with taVNS for 8 weeks. Sixteen healthy control subjects (HCs) were recruited without intervention. The resting-state FC (rsFC) based on striatal subregion seed points and the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were evaluated in the MDD patients and HCs at baseline and after 8 weeks. A two-way ANCOVA test was performed on each rsFC metric to obtain the (group-by-time) interactions. RESULTS: The rsFC values between the left ventral caudate (vCa) and right ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC), and between the right nucleus accumbens (NAc) and right dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) are lower in the MDD patients compared to the HCs at baseline, and increase following taVNS; the rsFC values between the left vCa and right, superior occipital gyrus (SOG), and between the left dorsal caudate (dCa) and right cuneus are higher in MDD patients and decrease following taVNS. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged longitudinal taVNS can modulate the striatum rsFC with the prefrontal cortex, occipital cortex, temporal cortex, and intra-striatum, and these changes partly underlie any symptomatic improvements. The results indicate that prolonged longitudinal taVNS may produce beneficial treatment effects by modulating the cortical striatum circuitry in patients with MDD.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 123: 30-40, 2023 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521993

ABSTRACT

China's emission control for nonroad diesel mobile machinery (NDMM) must deal with a fast increase in stock as well as regulations that are two decades behind those for on-road vehicles. This study provides the first large-scale review and evaluation of China's NDMM policies, along with emission measurements and an investigation on diesel fuel quality. The sulfur contents of the investigated diesel declined from 430 ppm (median value) in 2011 to 6-8 ppm during the 2017-2018 period. The emission control of NOx and PM greatly improved with the shift from the China II to China IV standards, as demonstrated by engine tests and field NOx measurements. However, the NOx emission factors for non-type-approved engines were approximately twice the limits of the China II standards. Emission compliance based on bench tests was not sufficient to control actual emissions because the field-measured NOx emission factors of all machinery ranged from 24% to 225% greater than the respective emission limits for the engines. These circumstances adversely affected the effectiveness of the regulations and policies for China's emission control of NDMM. Nevertheless, the policies on new and in-use NDMM, as well as diesel fuel quality, prevented NOx and PM emissions amounting to 4.4 Tg and 297.8 Gg during the period 2008-2017, respectively. The emission management strategy contributed to enhancing the international competitiveness of China's NDMM industries by promoting advanced technologies. For effective NDMM emission control in the future, portable testing and noncontact remote supervision should be strengthened; also, the issue of noncompliant diesel should be addressed through rigorous control measures and financial penalties.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Vehicle Emissions , Air Pollutants/analysis , China , Gasoline , Sulfur , Vehicle Emissions/analysis
5.
Nanoscale ; 15(1): 154-161, 2022 Dec 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36478182

ABSTRACT

Catalysis based on two-dimensional silicon has been under intense investigation recently. However, its substandard catalytic activity is far from industrialization. In this work, we demonstrate a new solution to this problem formulated on the batch synthesis of siloxene with an enhanced specific surface area (217.8 m2 g-1). A two-dimensional porous structure was prepared, enabling great support and dispersion of metal nanoparticles. Catalytic evaluations of such hybrid structures for the (photo)thermal CO2 hydrogenation reaction and the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction revealed a significant performance advantage over the benchmark two-dimensional silicon structures synthesized via the conventional method. This work may confer notable viability on two-dimensional silicon for advanced energy, catalytic, and environmental applications.

6.
Environ Pollut ; : 120792, 2022 Dec 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473638

ABSTRACT

Benzophenone-3 (BP-3) often used as a UV filter in various products and an endocrine disruptor. In this work, we exposed the clown anemonefish to 10 µg/L and 50 µg/L BP-3 for 7 and 14 days. Liver histological, biochemical analysis, and transcriptome sequencing were used to explore the mechanism of the lipid metabolism disorder in the liver of three-month-old clown anemonefish treated with BP-3. The histological and biochemical analysis showed that BP-3 induces morphological changes and lipid droplet accumulation, and the lipid content, lipase, and antioxidant enzyme activity were abnormal. After treatment with 10 µg/L and 50 µg/L BP-3 for 7 days, the transcriptome analysis further demonstrated that the KEGG analysis revealed that the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly associated with fat digestion and absorption, PPAR signaling pathway, circadian rhythm, and mineral absorption pathways; After 10 µg/L and 50 µg/L of BP-3 exposure for 14 days, the KEGG analysis were mainly associated with circadian rhythm, circadian rhythm-fly, protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum, and beta-alanine metabolism pathways. Several key genes were involved in the process of liver lipid metabolism, including CD36, APoA-Ⅰ, FABP, LPL, ACS, and PEPCK. The qRT-PCR validation results showed that eight genes (CYP8B1, FABP1, LPL, MGAT, PEPCK, PER1, PSMB4, PSME2) were significantly down-regulated, and the other two genes (Fbxl3, RXR) were significantly up-regulated after 7 days of BP-3 exposure. Similarly, eleven genes (AMPK, ARNTL, Bmal1, CASP3, CYC, CYP2J, CYP2U1, GSK3A, PEPCK, RAC1, RORA) were significantly up-regulated, and the other four genes (NR1D1, PER1, PTGDS, HLF) were significantly down-regulated after 14 days of BP-3 exposure. In conclusion, our results elucidate the physiological and molecular responses to BP-3 exposure in the liver lipid metabolism of clown anemonefish, and these findings reveal that the regulation of lipid metabolism is disturbed when clown anemonefish is exposed to UV filters.

7.
J Mater Chem B ; 10(44): 9266-9279, 2022 Nov 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342458

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery systems suffer from insufficient retention in tumor tissues and unreliable drug release at specific target sites. Herein, we developed an epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted multifunctional micellar nanoplatform (GE11-DOX+CEL-M) by encapsulating celecoxib into polymeric micelles based on the conjugate of GE11-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(trimethylene carbonate) with doxorubicin to suppress tumor growth and metastasis. The polymeric micelles maintained stable nanostructures under physiological conditions but quickly disintegrated in a weakly acidic environment, which is conducive to controlled drug release. Importantly, GE11-DOX+CEL-M micelles effectively delivered the drug combination to tumor sites and enhanced tumor cell uptake through GE11-mediated active tumor targeting. Subsequently, GE11-DOX+CEL-M micelles dissociated in response to intracellular slightly acidic microenvironmental stimuli, resulting in rapid release of celecoxib and doxorubicin to synergistically inhibit the proliferation and migration of tumor cells. Systemic administration of GE11-DOX+CEL-M micelles into mice bearing subcutaneous 4T1 tumor models resulted in higher tumor growth suppression and decreased lung metastasis of tumor cells compared with micelles without GE11 decoration or delivering only doxorubicin. Furthermore, the micelles effectively reduced the systemic toxicity of the chemotherapy drugs. This nanotherapeutic system provides a promising strategy for safe and effective cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Micelles , Neoplasms , Mice , Animals , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Doxorubicin , Polymers , Neoplasms/drug therapy
8.
Brain Behav Immun Health ; 26: 100523, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267834

ABSTRACT

Pro-inflammatory factors may be associated with abnormalities in functional brain networks, which may be a mechanism in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). Electroencephalogram (EEG) microstates reflect the functioning of brain networks. However, the relationship between pro-inflammatory factors and the microstate abnormalities in patients with MDD is poorly understood. 24 MDD patients and 24 age-and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) were recruited. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale(MADRS) were assessed. Serum (interleukin- 2(IL- 2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and hs-C-reactive protein (CRP)and EEG data were collected. K-means clustering was performed to characterize different microstates. For each microstate, duration, occurrence and coverage were estimated. Four microstates (e.g. A, B, C, D) were characterized, MDD group showed lower duration, occurrence and coverage of microstate B and microstate D, while higher duration of microstate A and microstate C and levels of IL-2, TNF-α, hs-CRP than HC group. The duration, occurrence and coverage of microstate D were negatively correlated with levels of pro-inflammatory factors (IL-2, TNF- α and hs- CRP) (all P < 0.05). Serum pro-inflammatory induced the abnormalities of microstate D. Together, these findings add to the understanding of the pathophysiology of MDD and point to pro-inflammatory factors contribute to EEG microstate abnormalities in patients with MDD.

9.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2022 Oct 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260328

ABSTRACT

The bacterial pathogens Xanthomonas oryzae pathovars oryzae (Xoo) and oryzicola (Xoc) cause leaf blight and leaf streak diseases on rice, respectively. Pathogenesis is largely defined by the virulence genes harboured in the pathogen genome. Recently, we demonstrated that the protein HpaP of the crucifer pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is an enzyme with both ATPase and phosphatase activities, and is involved in regulating the synthesis of virulence factors and the induction of the hypersensitive response (HR). In this study, we investigated the role of HpaP homologues in Xoo and Xoc. We showed that HpaP is required for full virulence of Xoo and Xoc. Deletion of hpaP in Xoo and Xoc led to a reduction in virulence and alteration in the production of virulence factors, including extracellular polysaccharide and cell motility. Comparative transcriptomics and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR assays revealed that in XVM2 medium, a mimic medium of the plant environment, the expression levels of hrp genes (for HR and pathogenicity) were enhanced in the Xoo hpaP deletion mutant compared to the wild type. By contrast, in the same growth conditions, hrp gene expression was decreased in the Xoc hpaP deletion mutant compared to the wild type. However, an opposite expression pattern was observed when the pathogens grew in planta, where the expression of hrp genes was reduced in the Xoo hpaP mutant but increased in the Xoc hpaP mutant. These findings indicate that HpaP plays a divergent role in Xoo and Xoc, which may lead to the different infection strategies employed by these two pathogens.

10.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(10): 2288-2293, 2022 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133699

ABSTRACT

Formate is considered as the most economically viable product of the prevalent electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR) products. However, most of the catalysts for ECR to formate in aqueous solution often suffer from low activity and limited selectivity. Herein, we report a novel Ce-doped Bi2O3 nanosheet (NS) electrocatalyst by a facile solvothermal method for highly efficient ECR to formate. The 5.04% Ce-doped Bi2O3 NSs exhibited a current density of 37.4 mA cm-2 for the production of formate with a high formate faradaic efficiency (FE) of 95.8% at -1.12 V. The formate FE was stably maintained at about 90% in a wide potential range from -0.82 to -1.22 V. More importantly, density functional theory (DFT) calculations revealed that Ce doping can lead to a significant synergistic effect, which promotes the formation and the adsorption of the OCHO* intermediate for ECR, while significantly inhibiting the hydrogen evolution reaction via depressing the formation of *H, thus helping achieve high current density and FE. This work provides an effective and promising strategy to develop efficient electrocatalysts with heteroatom doping and new insights for boosting ECR into formate.

11.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(1): 111-116, 2021 Dec 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132945

ABSTRACT

The strain effect is a critical knob to tune the catalytic performance and has received unprecedented research interest recently. However, it is difficult to distinguish the strain effect from the synergistic effect, especially in alloyed catalysts. Here we have synthesized Pd@PdAg icosahedra and {111} truncated bi-pyramids with only different surface strains between them as electrocatalysts for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). Due to the same exposed facets and compositions of the two electrocatalysts, their EOR performances are mainly determined by the surface strains of PdAg alloys. These two electrocatalysts provide a perfect model to investigate the role of the strain effect in tuning the EOR performance. It is indicated that Pd@PdAg {111} truncated bi-pyramids with a surface strain of 0.3% show better catalytic activity and durability than Pd@PdAg icosahedra with a surface strain of 2.1% including commercial Pd/C. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the lowered d-band center of 0.3% strained PdAg alloys relative to 2.1% strained ones reduced the adsorption energy of the acetate-evolution key intermediate *CH3CO, thereby promoting the enhancement in the catalytic performance of Pd@PdAg nanocrystals for the EOR. Electrochemical analysis further verifies this demonstration on the key role of the strain effect in PdAg alloys for tuning catalytic performance.

12.
Nanoscale Adv ; 4(4): 1158-1163, 2022 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131762

ABSTRACT

PtRu/C is a well-known commercial electrocatalyst with promising performance for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). Further improving the MOR properties of PtRu-based electrocatalysts is highly desirable, especially through structure design. Here we report a facile approach for the synthesis of PdPtRu nanocages with different components through a seed-mediated approach followed by chemical etching. The Pd@PtRu nanocubes were first generated using Pd nanocubes as the seeds and some Pd atoms were subsequently etched away, leading to the nanocages. When evaluated as electrocatalysts for the MOR in acidic media, the PdPtRu nanocages exhibited substantially enhanced catalytic activity and stability relative to commercial Pt/C and PtRu/C. Specifically, PdPt2.5Ru2.4 achieved the highest specific (8.2 mA cm-2) and mass (0.75 mA mgPt -1) activities for the MOR, which are 2.2 and 4.2 times higher than those of commercial Pt/C. Such an enhancement can be attributed to the highly open structure of the nanocages, and the possible synergistic effect between the three components.

13.
Front Chem ; 10: 993894, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110140

ABSTRACT

Combining the core-shell structure with the optimization of surface composition and structure in the shell is a fantastic strategy to enhance the electrocatalytic performances. Here, we synthesized trimetallic Au@PtxSny core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) with tunable composition and structure of Pt-Sn alloyed shells. Impressively, the Au@PtSn core-shell NPs with hexagonal PtSn alloyed shells exhibited the highest mass activity and specific activity toward ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) in alkaline electrolyte, which are 13.0 and 12.7 times higher than those of the commercial Pt/C. In addition, the Au@PtSn core-shell NPs displayed the best stability compared to commercial Pt/C, with only 44.8% loss vs. 86.8% loss in mass activity after 1,000 s due to the stronger anti-poisoning ability for reaction intermediates. The theory calculations reveal that the introduction of Au core and alloying Pt with Sn both endow Pt with an appropriate d-band center, and thus effectively boosting the EOR activity.

14.
Nanoscale ; 14(37): 13651-13660, 2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082755

ABSTRACT

Poor rate capability, the biggest barrier to potential applications of electrochemical actuators (ECAs), is primarily resulted from symmetric electrochemical reactions. This makes it extremely difficult for ECAs to actuate above 1 Hz while maintaining sufficient displacement retainability compared with their actuations at relatively low frequencies, particularly when working in liquids. Here, tungsten trisulfide (WS3) assisted tungsten disulfide nano onions are synthesized through a one-step laser-assisted strategy. Using the irreversibility of WS3 in adsorbing hydrogen in an acidic solution, the electrochemical reaction of tungsten sulfide nano onions is tailored to realize an asymmetric redox reaction for breaking the symmetry of the electrical double layer and battery-like process. Experiments demonstrate that the ECA's response rate (0.24 mm-1 s-1) is at least 10 times faster than that of the previously reported ECAs. Moreover, this ECA can actuate at 30 Hz and reaches top performance in liquids at 4 Hz with long-term durability (>90% after 23 000 cycles), which is comparable to that of electromagnetic and electrothermal actuators. To understand the electrochemical actuation of tungsten sulfide from the atomic scale to the macroscopic scale, density functional theory calculations are conducted and an electrochemomechanical coupling model is proposed. A new generation of subvolt electric-driven actuators used in underwater robotics can be developed by modulating the electrochemical response and chemomechanical coupling effect.

15.
Aquat Toxicol ; 251: 106287, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067546

ABSTRACT

The fish circadian rhythm system might be an emerging target of tributyltin (TBT), however, the mechanism by which TBT interferes with the circadian rhythm is poorly understood. Therefore, in the present study, zebrafish were used to assess the effects of TBT at environmental concentrations (1 and 10 ng/L) on locomotor activity rhythm. Furthermore, we focused on the visual system to explore the potential mechanism involved. After 90 d of exposure, TBT disturbed the locomotor activity rhythms in zebrafish, which manifested as: (1) low activities and lethargy during the arousing period; (2) inability to fall asleep quickly and peacefully during the period of latency to sleep; and (3) no regular "waves" of locomotor activities during the active period. After TBT exposure, the histological structure of the eyes significantly changed, the boundary between layers became blurred, and the melanin concentrations significantly decreased. Using KEGG and GSEA pathway analyses, the differentially expressed genes in the eyes screened by transcriptomics were significantly enriched in the tyrosine metabolism pathway and retinol metabolism pathway. Furthermore, a decrease in melanin and disruption of retinoic acid were found after TBT exposure, which would affect the reception of phototransduction, and then interfere with the circadian rhythm in fish. The disruption of the circadian rhythm of fish by aquatic pollutants would decrease their ecological adaptability, which should be considered in future research.


Subject(s)
Trialkyltin Compounds , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Animals , Locomotion , Melanins/metabolism , Tretinoin/metabolism , Trialkyltin Compounds/toxicity , Vitamin A/metabolism , Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity , Zebrafish/metabolism
16.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 107(12): e4360-e4370, 2022 11 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062477

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Carnitine has been associated with cardiac energy metabolism and heart failure, but the association between its precursors-trimethyllysine (TML) and γ-butyrobetaine (GBB)-and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between TML-related metabolites and HFpEF in an Asian population. METHODS: The cross-sectional component of this study examined the association between plasma TML-related metabolites and HFpEF, while a prospective cohort design was applied to examine the association with incident cardiovascular events in HFpEF. Included in the study were 1000 individuals who did not have heart failure (non-HF) and 1413 patients with HFpEF. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry was used to assess plasma carnitine, GBB, TML and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations. RESULTS: Plasma GBB and TML were both elevated in patients with HFpEF. After adjusting for traditional risk factors and renal function, TML, but not GBB, was significantly associated with HFpEF. The odds ratio (OR) for the fourth vs first quartile of TML was 1.57 (95% CI 1.09-2.27; P-trend < .01). The OR for each SD increment of log-TML was 1.26 (95% CI 1.08-1.47). Plasma TMAO (P-interaction = 0.024) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (P-interaction = 0.024) modified the TML-HFpEF association. The addition of TML improved the diagnostic value under the multivariable model. In the prospective study of patients with HFpEF, higher plasma TML was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. CONCLUSION: Plasma TML concentrations are positively associated with HFpEF, and higher plasma TML indicates increased risk of cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Humans , Stroke Volume , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Carnitine
17.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Aug 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057455

ABSTRACT

Active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) for non-minimum phase (NMP) systems is a challenging problem due to the conflict between stability and feedback tuning. The key point on this issue is to avoid heavy feedback tuning for robustness enhancement. We perform plant reconstruction to obtain an explicit expression of internal disturbance, such that it can be reduced by cascade compensation. Then, a new ADRC scheme is developed based on plant reconstruction and the internal stability criterion for ADRC system is derived. The stability conditions provide guidelines on the design of the cascade compensator and disturbance observer. It also indicates that the cascade compensation contributes to the robust stability of NMP systems. Simulation results of two typical NMP systems are provided to show the efficacy of the proposed ADRC scheme. Physical realizability is also demonstrated through experiments on a motion NMP system.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(8): 2297-2304, 2022 Aug.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043839

ABSTRACT

Oil and its pollutants, which enter environment through natural oil seepage and many human activities, have considerable impacts on birds. We summarized the research advances in how oil pollutants influence birds and the cleaning technology of polluted birds and their habitats. The toxicity and destruction to feather structure are the major impacts of oil pollution on birds. Oil pollution can lead to birds' death, and also produce many chronic harms, including causing hemolytic anemia, reducing their immunity, disrupting thermal insulation and waterproo-fing performance of feather. It is an important way to reduce the impacts of oil pollution on birds by timely cleaning up the oil in bird habitats as well as carrying out the clean and repair work to the polluted birds. As a big oil-consuming country, China has been left behind by foreign countries in the studies of the effects of oil pollution on birds. More attention should be paid on the short-term and long-term impacts of oil pollution on birds and the cleaning and remediation technologies of the polluted birds and their habitats.


Subject(s)
Environmental Pollutants , Petroleum Pollution , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Animals , Birds , Ecosystem , Environmental Pollutants/toxicity , Humans , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 869207, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911777

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common cause of a clinically acute abdomen. Crosstalk between acinar cells and leukocytes (especially macrophages) plays an important role in the development of AP. However, the mechanism mediating the interaction between acinar cells and macrophages is still unclear. This study was performed to explore the role of acinar cell extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the crosstalk between acinar cells and macrophages involved in the pathogenesis of AP. EVs derived from caerulein-treated acinar cells induced macrophage infiltration and aggravated pancreatitis in an AP rat model. Further research showed that acinar cell-derived EV miR-183-5p led to M1 macrophage polarization by downregulating forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1), and a dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed that FoxO1 was directly inhibited by miR-183-5p. In addition, acinar cell-derived EV miR-183-5p reduced macrophage phagocytosis. Acinar cell-derived EV miR-183-5p promoted the pancreatic infiltration of M1 macrophages and increased local and systemic damage in vivo. Subsequently, miR-183-5p overexpression in macrophages induced acinar cell damage and trypsin activation, thus further exacerbating the disease. In clinical samples, elevated miR-183-5p levels were detected in serum EVs and positively correlated with the severity of AP. EV miR-183-5p might play an important role in the development of AP by facilitating M1 macrophage polarization, providing a new insight into the diagnosis and targeted management of pancreatitis. Graphical abstract of the present study. In our caerulein-induced AP model, miR-183-5p was upregulated in injured acinar cells and transported by EVs to macrophages. miR-183-5p could induce M1 macrophage polarization through downregulation of FoxO1 and the release of inflammatory cytokines, which could aggravate AP-related injuries. Therefore, a vicious cycle might exist between injured ACs and M1 macrophage polarization, which is fulfilled by EV-transported miR-183-5p, leading to sustainable and progressive AP-related injuries.


Subject(s)
Extracellular Vesicles , MicroRNAs , Pancreatitis , Acinar Cells/metabolism , Acute Disease , Animals , Ceruletide/toxicity , Down-Regulation , Extracellular Vesicles/genetics , Extracellular Vesicles/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Pancreatitis/genetics , Pancreatitis/metabolism , Rats
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 242: 113912, 2022 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35905627

ABSTRACT

Fish morphological colouration is essential for their survival and reproduction success; however, it is vulnerable to environmental factors, such as pollutants. Triphenyltin (TPT) is widespread in aquatic ecosystems, and its impacts on fish have been problematic. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of TPT at environment-related concentrations (0, 1, 10 and 100 ng Sn/L) on morphological colouration in male guppies (Poecilia reticulata). The results showed that TPT exposure affected both orange/red and dark morphological colouration in guppies. The faded orange/red colouration might be related to the decrease of coloured pteridine and Pts (6-Pyruvoyltetrahydropterin Synthase) expression. In addition, TPT exposure induced melanogenesis, however, much melanin was distributed diffusely in the skin and did not seem to form a spot pattern, giving the fish a dull appearance. According to the skin transcriptional profiles, the changes of dark morphological colouration might be related to the changes in genes related to the functions of melanosome components (Gpnmb, Slc45a2 and Tyr), construction (Ap3d1, Fig4, Hps3, Hps5, Lyst, Rabggta, Txndc5 and Vps33a), and transport (Rab27a). Additionally, genes related to the regulation of melanogenesis (Atrn and Pomc) and system effects (Atox1, Atp6ap2, Atp6v1f, Atp6v1h, Rpl24, Rps19 and Rps20) might also be involved in the molecular mechanisms of abnormal morphological colouration induced by TPT. The present study provides crucial data on the molecular basis of abnormal morphological colouration in fish exposed to TPT and underscores the importance of toxicological studies of the effects of pollutants in aquatic environments on fish morphological colouration.


Subject(s)
Organotin Compounds , Poecilia , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Animals , Ecosystem , Male , Poecilia/genetics , Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL