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Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36:1, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1539593
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i560, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402520


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to investigate a new team-based remote teaching model (TRTM) among M.D and Ph.D. candidates major in nephrology to improve their scientific research training and reduce stresses during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: From February 1 to April 30 in 2020, we set up TRTM (Fig 1) via online conferencing systems as: (i) Plan-Do-Check-Action cycle every two to three days to promote project progress, (ii) weekly lab meetings for sharing experiences and ideas;and (iii) weekly journal clubs for literature reading and knowledge expansion. We recruited nine students in TRTM training, and another 25 students as control group, who arranged their schedule by themselves during the quarantine. RESULTS: 1. A survey about the remote teaching: 25 mentors and 34 students had received a survey and all believed that teamwork, lab meeting, and short-term academic goals were essential in remote training. Non-scheduled discussion (72.0%,18/ 25) and regular online lab meetings (60.0%,15/25) were the most common traditional methods. About 85.3% of students and 28.0% of the mentors agreed that 'poor selfcontrol' was the main cause of remote-teaching difficulty. 2. The effectiveness of TRTM training: Compared to the control group, students in TRTM had more self-reported benefits from 'mentors' feedback', 'team support', and 'team communication' (All P<0.05), despite no significant differences in learning productivity or daily work progress. Meanwhile, the TRTM group presented with lower 'anxiety related to the COVID-19 pandemic' and lower 'stress-related to scientific research' (Both P<0.05). For TRTM students, the academic ability was also evaluated at the baseline and after three months of practice, by team members (7 teachers and 9 students). They made progress in varied aspects during the pandemic, such as executing planned tasks, self-improvement based on feedback, and teamwork ability (All P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our team-based remote teaching model helped students gain more supports and growth in academics and reduce psychological pressures caused by isolation.

International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1354371


Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine dynamic linkages between price and rent and between property types. Intuition suggests that housing market segments experience different market cycles in response to macroeconomic shocks. However, they may be dynamically interlinked in urban areas because of substitutability. The linkage may even change, if preference weakens for multiple occupancies. A sudden reduction in apartment demand may create repercussions to other housing segments. Past analyses, despite their contributions, are static and do not consider possible linkages between property types. To fill this void, this paper investigates the price-rent dynamics for urban homes by adopting the case of Singapore. Design/methodology/approach: This paper applies a methodology from Phillips et al. (2015) to Singaporean housing (price and rent) data. Phillips et al. (2015) recently proposed a test for an explosive root in time series data and has spurred several empirical applications in the bubble literature. Findings: This paper finds for Singapore that the markets were subjected to explosive growth (where rents grew at a higher rate than prices did) during the Global Financial Crisis. Also, the results suggest that rent drives price and that non-landed housing (offices in central areas) leads to other residential housing (non-residential housing) in both price and rent. Practical implications: Overall, the present findings suggest that rent drives price, while property types are interlinked. Non-landed homes and offices in central areas are the sources of repercussions. Under normal circumstances, rental shocks may be propagated positively from nonlanded housing (central offices) to the other residential (non-residential) property types as the present findings suggest, which enables us to infer that a decrease in non-landed housing (central offices) rent may lead to an increase in rent on other property types because pandemic shocks only shift demand fromone property type to another, unlike typical macroeconomic shocks. Originality/value: Urban homes are faced with uncertainty arising from the COVID-19 outbreak for which city residents have a stronger incentive to exile to suburbs. Urban life may no longer be attractive because of social distancing and work from home policy. This has implications for urban home demands that are closely linked to urban house price and rent. In the present study, the paper set out to investigate the price-rent and property-type dynamics for urban homes in Singapore. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; 44(3):239-245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1167786
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 31:302-303, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-984991


Background: Since the outbreak of the coronavirus epidemic, the 'virtual' telemedicine has become a critical substitute for patient-provider interactions. However, virtual encounters often face challenges in care for high-risk patients such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In this study, we explore the patient's satisfaction and practical effects of a newly established telemedicine program in CKD patients' care during the pandemic. Methods: We established an online CKD patient care program, including triage strategy, medical care delivery, and psychological support, based on a smartphone application. A total of 278 CKD patients were invited, at least 3 months before the pandemic or during the pandemic. A pilot survey interrogating medical and psychologicalconditions was conducted. The feedback to the program and the psychological assessment repeated after one month. Results: Totally, 181 patients showed active responses to the program, with 289 person-time medical consultations occurred during the study. The virtual care program provided a rapid triage, with 17% patients provided a timely referral to in-patient medical encounters. Nearly all patients (97.4%) believed the program was helpful. The number of symptoms (OR 1.309, 95%CI 1.113-1.541;P=0.001) and being enrolled during pandemic (OR 3.939, 95% CI 1.174-13.221;P=0.026) were associated with high stress. After the follow-up, the high-stress CKD group at baseline showed a significant decrease in avoidance score (6.9±4.7 vs. 9.8±1.9, P=0.015). Conclusions: During the pandemic, we established an online telemedicine care program for CKD patients that provides a rapid triage function, effective CKD disease management, and essential psychological support.