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1.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-313354

ABSTRACT

Background: To identify alarming symptoms that could potentially lead to severe form of COVID-19 pneumonia (i.e. novel coronavirus pneumonia: NCP), a disease that is now having pandemic spread. Methods: : Articles from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane database and Google up to 24 February 2020 were systematically reviewed. 18 publications that had documented cases of COVID-19 pneumonia were identified. The relevant data were extracted, systematically reviewed and further evaluated using meta-analysis. We define severe COVID-19 pneumonia as the disease status that requires admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and respiratory/circulatory support, which is in align with the guideline from the World Health Organization (WHO). Results: : 14 studies including 1,424 patients were considered eligible and analyzed. Symptoms such as fever (89.2%), cough (67.2%), fatigue (43.6%) were quite common;but dizziness, hemoptysis, abdominal pain and conjunctival congestion/conjunctivitis were relatively rare. The incidence of dyspnea was significantly higher in patients with severe than non-severe COVID-19 pneumonia (42.7% vs.16.3%, p<0.0001). Similarly, fever and diarrhea were also drastically more common in patients with severe form (p=0.0374 and 0.0267). Further meta-analysis using three high-quality China-based studies confirmed such findings and showed that dyspnea, fever and diarrhea were 3.53 (OR: 3.53, 95%CI: 1.95-6.38), 1.70 (OR: 1.70, 95%CI: 1.01-2.87), and 1.80 (OR: 1.80, 95%CI: 1.06-3.03) folds higher respectively in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Conclusion: Dyspnea, fever and diarrhea are significantly more prevalent in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia, suggesting they are alarming symptoms that warrant close attention and timely management.

2.
Cell Biosci ; 12(1): 15, 2022 Feb 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1686027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thrombosis and coagulopathy are pervasive pathological features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and thrombotic complications are a sign of severe COVID-19 disease and are associated with multiple organ failure and increased mortality. Platelets are essential cells that regulate hemostasis, thrombus formation and inflammation; however, the mechanism underlying the interaction between platelets and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains unclear. RESULTS: The present study performed RNA sequencing on the RNA isolated from platelets obtained from 10 COVID-19 patients and eight healthy donors, and discovered that SARS-CoV-2 not only significantly altered the coding and non-coding transcriptional landscape, but also altered the function of the platelets, promoted thrombus formation and affected energy metabolism of platelets. Integrative network biology analysis identified four key subnetworks and 16 risk regulators underlying SARS-CoV-2 infection, involved in coronavirus disease-COVID-19, platelet activation and immune response pathways. Furthermore, four risk genes (upstream binding transcription factor, RNA polymerase II, I and III subunit L, Y-box binding protein 1 and yippee like 2) were found to be associated with COVID-19 severity. Finally, a significant alteration in the von Willebrand factor/glycoprotein Ib-IX-V axis was revealed to be strongly associated with platelet aggregation and immunothrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: The transcriptional landscape and the identification of critical subnetworks and risk genes of platelets provided novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of immunothrombosis in COVID-19 progression, which may pave the way for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for preventing COVID-19-associated thrombosis and improving the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients.

3.
SSRN; 2020.
Preprint | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-894

ABSTRACT

Background: The epidemic characteristic of COVID-19 outside Wuhan was still unclear. We report the epidemiological, clinical, treatment and prognosis of COVID-

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