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J Biomech ; 117: 110235, 2021 03 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1042535


Microfluidic devices can be thought of as comprising interconnected miniaturized compartments performing multiple experimental tasks individually or in parallel in an integrated fashion. Due to its small size, portability, and low cost, attempts have been made to incorporate detection assays into microfluidic platforms for diseases such as cancer and infection. Some of these technologies have served as point-of-care and sample-to-answer devices. The methods for detecting biomarkers in different diseases usually share similar principles and can conveniently be adapted to cope with arising health challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic is one such challenge that is testing the performance of both our conventional and newly-developed disease diagnostic technologies. In this mini-review, we will first look at the progress made in the past few years in applying microfluidics for liquid biopsy and infectious disease detection. Following that, we will use the current pandemic as an example to discuss how such technological advancements can help in the current health challenge and better prepare us for future ones.

COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19/diagnosis , Liquid Biopsy/methods , Microfluidics/methods , Point-of-Care Testing , Biomarkers , Circulating Tumor DNA , Exosomes , Humans , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices , Machine Learning , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating