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Laryngoscope ; 131(6): E2074-E2079, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-908740


OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether the presence of detectable upper respiratory infections (URIs) at the time of adenoidectomy/adenotonsillectomy is associated with increased morbidity, complications, and unexpected admissions. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective double-blinded cohort. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, nasopharyngeal swabs were obtained intraoperatively from 164 pediatric patients undergoing outpatient adenoidectomy/tonsillectomy with or without pressure equalization tubes (PETs) and were analyzed with PCR for the presence of 22 known URIs, including SARS-CoV-2. Surgeons and families were blinded to the results. At the conclusion of the study, rates of detectable infection were determined and intraoperative and postoperative events (unexpected admissions, length of PACU stay, rates of laryngospasm/bronchospasm, oxygen desaturation, bradycardia, and postoperative presentation to an emergency department) were compared between infected and uninfected patients. RESULTS: Of the 164 patients (50% male, 50% female, ages 8 mo-18 y), 136 patients (82.9%) tested positive for one or more URI at the time of surgery. Forty one patients (25.0%) tested positive for three or more URIs concurrently, and 11 (6.7%) tested positive for five or more URIs concurrently. There were no significant differences in admission rates, length of PACU stay, rates of laryngospasm/bronchospasm, oxygen desaturation, bradycardia, or postoperative presentation to an emergency department between positive and negative patients. No patients tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSIONS: A recent positive URI test does not confer any additional intraoperative or postoperative risk in the setting of outpatient adenoidectomy/tonsillectomy in healthy patients. There is no utility in preoperative URI testing, and delaying surgery due to a recent positive URI test is not warranted in this population. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 131:E2074-E2079, 2021.

Adenoidectomy , Air Microbiology , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Respiratory Tract Infections/microbiology , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology , Tonsillectomy , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Nasopharynx/microbiology , Prospective Studies , Risk , Risk Factors
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(1): e108-e110, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-660574


ABSTRACT: The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has created obstacles to health care delivery on a global scale. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), many of which already suffered from unmet surgical and medical needs, are at great risk of suffering poor health outcomes due to health care access troubles brought on by the pandemic. Craniofacial outreach programs (CFOP)-a staple for craniofacial surgeons-have historically provided essential care to LMICs. To date, there has not been literature discussing the process of resuming CFOP mission trips. Herein, we propose a roadmap to help guide future journeys, as well as summarize practical considerations.

Craniofacial Abnormalities/surgery , Health Services Accessibility , Patient Safety , COVID-19 , Developing Countries , Humans , Poverty , Surgeons