Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 306(7949), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2231525


Medicines use plays an important role in women's decisions to start or continue breastfeeding. Some may stop breastfeeding or the medicine to avoid combining the two, as they feel very strongly about tainting their milk when breastfeeding[10]. Women deserve to be involved in discussions on compatibility, using evidence-based resources presented in a manner in which they can understand. There is a presumption by some healthcare professionals, mothers, families and wider society that formula has benefits over breast milk with a trace of medication in, or that adverse events are likely and serious if this breast milk is consumed. In addition, there is a reticence from healthcare professionals to use professional judgement and go outside the licence application for medicines. This leaves the mother with a dilemma: to interrupt or stop breastfeeding to take the medication, or to delay medication - with chronic diseases, the latter is rarely an acceptable option. In January 2021, the MHRA launched the Safer Medicines Consortium, owing to the "need for reliable and consistent information about medicines used before or during pregnancy and breastfeeding for women and the healthcare professionals who advise them". The vision of the consortium is that "all women will have access to accurate and accessible information to make informed decisions with their healthcare professional about taking medicines before or during pregnancy or breastfeeding"[44]. As experts in medicines, pharmacists should share evidence-based information with the mother and support her in making a decision that is right for her and her baby, as outlined above. Copyright © 2021 Pharmaceutical Press. All rights reserved.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296221115112, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1950835


Pharmacovigilance plays a lifesaving role in the practice of medicine. In 2021, during the Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Loyola University Chicago launched a graduate-level Pharmacovigilance Certificate Program (PV-CERT) and a pre-professional non-graduate Pharmacovigilance Certificate Course (EPEC-PV), to provide students a comprehensive and contemporary understanding of the principles and practices of pharmacovigilance. Formal training in pharmacovigilance through this course provided a structured understanding of how safety data are generated through clinical trials and from real-world evidence as well as the regulatory environment in which data are monitored and interpreted. Pharmacovigilance training is of critical importance, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, during which several drugs were re-purposed for the management of various stages of COVID-19 without conventional safety data. Moreover, the safety of currently-used vaccines is of concern in some populations. Although anticoagulants and antithrombotic medications are crucial in the management of COVID-19, a clear pharmacovigilance program on their use in this indication is not established. As the century progresses, new diseases and infectious agents will require novel therapies for which the evaluation of benefits versus risks will be as essential as it has been for the current COVID-19 pandemic. As such, the Loyola course and accompanying programs on pharmacovigilance will play a key role in educating the next generation of professionals in pursuing careers in the development of therapies that ultimately improve patient outcomes while maintaining rigorous safety standards.

COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Humans , Pandemics , Pharmacovigilance
Am Heart J ; 232: 105-115, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-893406


Morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 has increased exponentially, and patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease are at risk for poor outcomes. Several lines of evidence suggest a potential role for CV therapies in COVID-19 treatment. Characteristics of clinical trials of CV therapies related to COVID-19 registered on have not been described. METHODS: was queried on August 7, 2020 for COVID-19 related trials. Studies evaluating established CV drugs, other fibrinolytics (defibrotide), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were included. Studies evaluating anti-microbial, convalescent plasma, non-colchicine anti-inflammatory, and other therapies were excluded. Trial characteristics were tabulated from study-specific entries. RESULTS: A total of 2,935 studies related to COVID-19 were registered as of August 7, 2020. Of these, 1,645 were interventional studies, and the final analytic cohort consisted of 114 studies evaluating 10 CV therapeutic categories. Antithrombotics (32.5%; n = 37) were most commonly evaluated, followed by pulmonary vasodilators (14.0%; n = 16), renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system-related therapies (12.3%; n = 14), and colchicine (8.8%; n = 10). Trials evaluating multiple CV therapy categories and CV therapies in combination with non-CV therapies encompassed 4.4% (n = 5) and 9.6% (n = 11) of studies, respectively. Most studies were designed for randomized allocation (87.7%; n = 100), enrollment of less than 1000 participants (86.8%; n = 99), single site implementation (55.3%; n = 63), and had a primary outcome of mortality or a composite including mortality (56.1%; n = 64). Most study populations consisted of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 (81.6%; n = 93). At the time of database query, 28.9% (n = 33) of studies were not yet recruiting and the majority were estimated to be completed after December 2020 (67.8%; n = 78). Most lead sponsors were located in North America (43.9%; n = 50) or Europe (36.0%; n = 41). CONCLUSIONS: A minority (7%) of clinical trials related to COVID-19 registered on plan to evaluate CV therapies. Of CV therapy studies, most were planned to be single center, enroll less than 1000 inpatients, sponsored by European or North American academic institutions, and estimated to complete after December 2020. Collectively, these findings underscore the need for a network of sites with a platform protocol for rapid evaluation of multiple therapies and generalizability to inform clinical care and health policy for COVID-19 moving forward.

COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , National Library of Medicine (U.S.) , Registries/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Combined Modality Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Databases, Factual/statistics & numerical data , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/statistics & numerical data , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Patient Participation/statistics & numerical data , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Renin-Angiotensin System , Treatment Outcome , United States , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use