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1.
J Clin Med ; 11(11)2022 May 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1869663

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study evaluated the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mental health of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. We quantified anxiety, depression, and medication adherence among IBD patients through a single-center survey in South Korea during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An electronic survey was made available to patients at the IBD clinic in Daejeon St. Mary's hospital from July 2021 to September 2021. The validated Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to assess depression and anxiety. The Korean version of the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (KMARS) questionnaire was used to assess medication adherence. RESULTS: In total, 407 patients (56.5%; ulcerative colitis, 43.5%; Crohn's disease) participated in the survey. Among the respondents, 14.5% showed significant anxiety and 26.3% showed significant depression. Female sex, presence of mental disease, unvaccinated status, and the presence of Crohn's disease were associated with greater risks of anxiety and depression. Among medications, immunomodulators were associated with a greater risk of anxiety. In terms of KMARS, patients reported favorable medication adherence despite the psychological burden of the pandemic. The KMARS score was 7.3 ± 1.5 (mean ± SD) of 10.0 points. High anxiety and depression were associated with a slight decrease in medication adherence. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 has increased anxiety and depression among IBD patients, whose medication adherence has nevertheless remained good. Furthermore, anxiety and depression were found to have a negative correlation with adherence. Our results provide insights concerning psychological response and medication adherence among IBD patients in South Korea during the COVID-19 pandemic.

2.
Chemosphere ; 302: 134837, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1819450

ABSTRACT

The number of antibiotic compounds in wastewaters has been growing globally due to the covid-19 problem. Using antibiotics to treat the patients would produce larger amounts of these compounds into the environment with negative impacts. Hence, finding out the method for the elimination of toxic organic pollutants as well as antibiotics in water is urgent (In this study, the treatment of antibiotic pollutants including cefalexin (CF) and tetracycline (TC) was investigated by applying the advanced oxidation process based on Ni-doped TiO2 (Ni-TiO2). The characterizations technologies such as XRD, XPS, UV-vis, PL, and PC indicated that Ni doping would improve the photocatalytic performance of TiO2. In the photodegradation experiments, the Ni-TiO2 possessed high photocatalytic degradation efficiencies with 93.6% for CF and 82.5% for TC. Besides, the removal rates of antibiotics after five cycles are higher than 75%, implying excellent stability of Ni-TiO2 photocatalyst. The result from the treatment of wastewater samples revealed that the Ni-TiO2 photocatalytic had good performance for removal of CF and TC at a high level of 88.6 and 80.2%, respectively.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Environmental Pollutants , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Catalysis , Humans , Photolysis , Tetracycline , Titanium , Waste Water
3.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(48): e336, 2021 Dec 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1572279

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began to spread worldwide and remains an ongoing medical challenge. This case series reports on the clinical features and characteristics of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and confirmed COVID-19 infection. From February 2020 to March 2021, nine patients with IBD had confirmed COVID-19 across four hospitals in Korea. The median age at COVID-19 diagnosis was 42 years. Six patients were male, and seven patients had ulcerative colitis (UC). No patients required oxygen therapy, intensive care unit hospitalizations, or died. The most common symptom was fever, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms developed as diarrhea in five patients with UC. Oral steroids were used to combat UC aggravation in two patients. In this case series of nine IBD patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Korea, the clinical presentation was predominately a mild respiratory tract infection. Most patients with UC developed new GI symptoms including diarrhea.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/pathology , Administration, Oral , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Diarrhea/etiology , Female , Fever/etiology , Hospitalization , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Republic of Korea , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Steroids/therapeutic use , Young Adult
4.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(44): e301, 2021 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526760

ABSTRACT

We used serial rectal swabs to investigate the amount and duration of virus secretion through the gastrointestinal tract and assessed the association between fecal shedding and gastrointestinal symptoms and to clarify the clinical usefulness testing rectal swabs. We enrolled ten adult patients hospitalized with symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Respiratory and stool specimens were collected by physicians. The presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was confirmed using real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. All ten patients had respiratory symptoms, six had diarrhea, and seven were positive for SARS-CoV-2 on rectal swabs. The viral loads in the respiratory specimens was higher than those in the rectal specimens, and no rectal specimens were positive after the respiratory specimens became negative. There was no association between gastrointestinal symptoms, pneumonia, severity, and rectal viral load. Rectal swabs may play a role in detecting SARS-CoV-2 in individuals with suspected COVID-19, regardless of gastrointestinal symptoms.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/methods , COVID-19/virology , Rectum/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Virus Shedding , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/transmission , Diarrhea/etiology , Diarrhea/virology , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharynx/virology , Prospective Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors , Viral Load
5.
Korean J Helicobacter Up Gastrointest Res ; 20(2):86-90, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-678689

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has become a global pandemic and is now the most threatening public health issue. Patients with the infection present with high fever and pneumonia with respiratory symptoms, but some patients also develop digestive symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. This may be the basis for the transmission route of the new virus, not only for respiratory infection through droplets but also for fecal-to-oral transmission. In addition, the high expression level of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 on the surface cells in the gastrointestinal tract may support the occurrence of digestive symptoms and the possibility of fecal-to-oral transmission. Recent studies have shown positive fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test results in patients with the infection who showed digestive symptoms. Therefore, we reviewed the related literature on the occurrence of digestive symptoms in patients with COVID-19 and present the usefulness and clinical application of the fecal PCR test for identifying the potential infection route and criteria for isolation.

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