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J Nurs Manag ; 30(1): 71-78, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1470450


AIMS: This study aims to examine coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic-related work factors for adverse effects on the mental health and whether organisational strategies attenuate these effects. BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic has led to increased work burden and mental health risks for nurses. METHODS: A total of 1499 Taiwanese full-time nurses completed a web-based questionnaire between July and December 2020. Pandemic-related work conditions, namely, increased working hours, caring for COVID-19 patients, occupational stigma and redeployment, were assessed. Organisational strategies to combat pandemic-related work stressors including compensation to workers and adequate protection equipment were surveyed. Outcome measures were intention to leave, burnout and depression assessed using validated questionnaires. RESULTS: Redeployment, increased working hours and occupational stigma were associated with adverse mental health and intention to leave in logistic regression analysis. Caring for COVID-19 patients was negatively associated with depression. Adequate compensation for workers modified the association between redeployment and burnout. CONCLUSIONS: Pandemic-related work conditions were associated with adverse mental health and intention to leave. Organisational strategies attenuated the adverse impact of the pandemic. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Efforts to decrease stigma and organisational strategies including compensation for workers and adequate protection equipment provision should be adopted to improve nurses' health during a pandemic.

COVID-19 , Nurses , Humans , Mental Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
Int J Ment Health Nurs ; 30(1): 102-116, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-892267


A large-scale survey study was conducted to assess trauma, burnout, posttraumatic growth, and associated factors for nurses in the COVID-19 pandemic. The Trauma Screening Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form were utilized. Factors associated with trauma, burnout, and posttraumatic growth were analysed using logistic and multiple regressions. In total, 12 596 completed the survey, and 52.3% worked in COVID-19 designated hospitals. At the survey's conclusion in April, 13.3% reported trauma (Trauma ≥ 6), there were moderate degrees of emotional exhaustion, and 4,949 (39.3%) experienced posttraumatic growth. Traumatic response and emotional exhaustion were greater among (i) women (odds ratio [OR]: 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.97 P = 0.006; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.30, 95% CI 1.09-1.54, P = 0.003), (ii) critical care units (OR: 1.20, 95% CI 1.06-1.35, P = 0.004; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.23, 95% CI 1.12-1.33, P < 0.001) (iii) COVID-19 designated hospital (OR: 1.24, 95% CI 1.11-1.38; P < 0.001; emotional exhaustion OR: 1.26, 95% CI 1.17-1.36; P < 0.001) and (iv) COVID-19-related departments (OR: 1.16, 95% CI 1.04-1.29, P = 0.006, emotional exhaustion only). To date, this is the first large-scale study to report the rates of trauma and burnout for nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study indicates that nurses who identified as women, working in ICUs, COVID-19 designated hospitals, and departments involved with treating COVID-19 patients had higher scores in mental health outcomes. Future research can focus on the factors the study has identified that could lead to more effective prevention and treatment strategies for adverse health outcomes and better use of resources to promote positive outcomes.

Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/nursing , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/nursing , Nurses/psychology , Nurses/statistics & numerical data , Posttraumatic Growth, Psychological , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/nursing , Adult , Burnout, Professional/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Critical Care Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Personality Inventory , Sex Factors , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Taiwan