Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
1.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 63(1): E12-E18, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955101

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a grave threat to public health. Along with vaccination, preventive behaviors are still an important part in controlling in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aimed to investigate health beliefs and sample characteristics associated with COVID-19 preventive health behaviors among an Iranian sample. Preventive behaviors are still an important part in controlling in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, using a multi-stage randomized sampling method. Participants (N = 250 males and 236 females) were recruited from health centers in Saveh, Iran. Self-administered questionnaires included sociodemographic information, health behaviors, and constructs associated with the Health Beliefs Model (HBM). Data were analyzed using independent t-tests, analysis of variance, and multiple regression with significance level set at α ≤ 0.05. Results: Perceived disease susceptibility (ß = 0.44, P< 0.001), self-efficacy to enact preventative behaviors (ß = 0.24, P < 0.01), education (ß = 0.20, P < 0.001), non-smoking status (ß = 0.14, P < 0.01), marital status (ß = 0.10, P < 0.03), and perceived barriers to disease preventative behaviors (ß = -0.10, P < 0.04) were important predictors of prevention practices for COVID-19, and accounted for 61.4% (adjusted R2) of the variance associated with preventive behavior for COVID-19. Conclusion: As there is accepted therapy for COVID-19, it is especially important to control COVID-19 through behavior change. Results indicate that two behavioral constructs that have the most impact on prevention are perceived disease susceptibility and self-efficacy. Therefore, public health initiatives are needed to enhance perceived susceptibility to the disease and improve self-efficacy to perform preventative behaviors in spite of perceived barriers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Susceptibility , Female , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
East Mediterr Health J ; 28(4): 249-257, 2022 Apr 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836429

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a worldwide public health emergency. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Saveh city, Islamic Republic of Iran in 2020. Methods: In this descriptive analytical research, 3181 patients suspected of having COVID-19 who visited Saveh medical centres were investigated. Patients were confirmed with COVID-19 using polymerase chain reaction testing. Data on sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected using a validated form through interviews and medical records. The chi-squared, t and Fisher exact tests were used to assess differences in sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics between patients with positive and negative polymerase chain reaction results. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between independent variables and death from COVID-19. Results: About half the patients (48.3%) had a history of chronic disease. Diabetes (16.2%), high blood pressure (14.8%) and cardiovascular disease (12.4%) were the most prevalent chronic diseases among patients who were confirmed positive for COVID-19. Risk factors for death among confirmed COVID-19 patients were: intubation (odds ratio (OR) = 8.97; 95% confidence interval (CI): 5.15-15.63), age ≥ 80 years (OR = 5.81; 95% CI: 1.91-17.60), oxygen saturation < 93% (OR = 2.48; 95% CI: 1.51-4.08), diabetes (OR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.00-3.54) and shortness of breath (OR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.02-2.82). Conclusion: Given the greater risks of contracting and dying from COVID-19 in certain groups of patients, health education programmes targeting these groups are recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
3.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-305690

ABSTRACT

Background: New Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is the main pathogens that primarily target the human respiratory organization, represents a public health emergency and global concern. The present study aimed to investigate the epidemiological, clinical characteristics of coronavirus-infected disease (COVID-19) in Saveh city, of Iran, in 2020.MethodIn this descriptive-analytical research, 1142 patients suspected of having coronavirus, participated. Data collection was performed using interviews, inserting information into the researcher-made questionnaires, and using the information in patients' medical records. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21 using Chi-square, independent sample t tests, Fisher's Exact Test, and regression analysis.Resultsmultivariate logistic regression models revealed that among clinical symptoms and patents characteristics, some variables were significant predictors of death: Intubation (OR = 8.82;95% CI: (5.15-15.63), PO2 rate (OR = 2.48;95% CI: (1.51-4.08), Diabetes (OR = 1.88;95% CI: (1.00-3.54), Shortness of breath (OR = 1.70;95% CI: (1.02-2.82). Almost half of the patients (48.3%) had a history of chronic disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (12.8%), diabetes (11.6%), and high blood pressure (9.7%) were the primary chronic disease among patients.ConclusionConsidering the results of the study, designing and implementing targeting and tailoring health education programs for all groups of the community and especially for susceptible people such as elderly and patients with chronic disease, are highly recommended. All in all, risk communication programs regarding COVID-19 might be a priority for responsible agencies.

4.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1934, 2021 10 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1484308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has become one of the biggest challenges to global health and economy. The present study aimed to explore the factors related to preventive health behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic in Khuzestan Province, South of Iran, using the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the period between July 2020 and September 2020. A total of 1090 people from Khuzestan province participated in the study. The data collection method included a multistage cluster sampling method with a random selection of provincial of health centers. The questionnaire collected socio-demographic information and HBM constructs (e.g., perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers, cues to action, and COVID-19 preventive behaviors). Data were analyzed using ANOVA, t-test, hierarchical multiple linear regression, and SPSS version 22. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 35.53 ± 11.53, more than half of them were female (61.6%) and married (65.3). The results showed that 27% of the variance in the COVID-19 preventive behaviors was explained by HBM constructs. The regression analysis indicated that female gender (ß = 0.11), perceived benefits (ß = 0.10), perceived barriers (ß = - 0.18), external cues to action (ß = 0.25), and internal cues to action (ß = 0.12) were significantly associated with COVID-19 preventive behaviors (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Designing an educational intervention on the basis of HBM might be considered as a framework for the correction of beliefs and adherence to COVID-19 behavior. Health information campaigns need to (1) emphasize the benefits of preventive behaviors including avoiding the likelihood of getting a chronic disease and complications of the disease, (2) highlight the tips and advice to overcome the barriers (3) provide cues to action by means of showing various reminders in social media (4) focusing on adoption of COVID-19-related preventive behaviors, especially among men.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Belief Model , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Male , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Ital J Pediatr ; 47(1): 111, 2021 May 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1327940

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tooth decay is one of the diseases that is closely related to people's behaviors and it can have adverse effects on their performance and their success in the future. Brushing twice a day is the simplest and most effective way to reduce tooth decay. The study aim was to determining the roles of correlational factors based on the Pender's health promotion model in brushing behavior of ninth grade students at urban public schools of Guilan province during the academic year 2019. METHODS: The present study was cross-sectional and had a descriptive-analytical type. We performed the multi-stage random sampling on 761 ninth-grade students (374 girls and 387 boys) at urban public schools of six counties (ten cities) of Guilan province in 2019. The primary tool was a questionnaire on oral health behaviors focusing on brushing behavior. In the present study, which was conducted only on brushing behavior, we revised and changed the initial questionnaire during the sessions of the research team, and then confirmed its validity and reliability. The questionnaire consisted of three parts, demographic characteristics, constructs of health promotion model, and brushing behavior. We analyzed data in SPSS 21 using regression models. RESULTS: 20.1% of students brushed their teeth at least twice a day. Optimal behavior had a statistically significant relationship with parents' education level, and gender. Based on the regression model, the health promotion model constructs described 58% of the variance of the commitment to plan of action. Perceived self-efficacy, situational influences, and perceived barriers of action had significantly stronger relationships with commitment to plan of action respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that one-unit increase in scores of commitment to plan of action and self-efficacy increased the chance of desired behavior by 12 and 14% respectively. CONCLUSION: Due to the low rate of brushing behavior in the students and the predictive power of the health promotion model in brushing behavior, we suggest planning and implementation of educational interventions for this group with an emphasis on influencing the commitment to plan of action, self-efficacy, and also the level of knowledge.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries/prevention & control , Health Promotion/organization & administration , Toothbrushing , Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Iran , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
J Complement Integr Med ; 18(4): 775-781, 2021 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1160235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Herbal medicines, as a treatment method, have received a great deal of attention. The effects of two herbal medicines namely Zingiber officinale and Echinacea on alleviation of clinical symptoms and hospitalization rate of suspected COVID-19 outpatients were examined. METHODS: A clinical trial with 100 suspected COVID-19 outpatients as participants was conducted. The participants were allocated randomly to two groups of 50 members. The intervention group received concurrent Zingiber officinale (Tablet Vomigone 500 mg II tds) and Echinacea (Tablet Rucoldup I tds) for seven days in addition to the standard treatment. The control group only received the standard treatment (Hydroxychloroquine). After seven days, alleviation of clinical symptoms and hospitalization rate were examined. In addition, 14 days after treatment, the hospitalization was assessed again by telephone follow up. RESULTS: The two groups were identical in terms of basic characteristics. Improvement level as to coughing, dyspnea, and muscle pain was higher in the intervention group (p value <0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the other symptoms. In addition, the hospitalization rate in the intervention and control groups were 2 and 6% respectively, which are not significantly different (p value >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Taking into account the efficiency and trivial side-effects of Zingiber officinale and Echinacea, using them for alleviation and control of the clinical symptoms in COVID-19 outpatients is recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Echinacea , Ginger , Hospitalization , Humans , Outpatients , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL