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Medical Visualization ; 25(1):14-26, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20245198


Research goal. Comparative characteristics of the dynamics of CT semiotics and biochemical parameters of two groups of patients: with positive RT-PCR and with triple negative RT-PCR. Reflection of the results by comparing them with the data already available in the literature. The aim of the study is to compare the dynamics of CT semiotics and biochemical parameters of blood tests in two groups of patients: with positive RT-PCR and with triple negative RT-PCR. We also reflect the results by comparing them with the data already available in the literature. Materials and methods. We have performed a retrospective analysis of CT images of 66 patients: group I (n1 = 33) consists of patients who had three- time negative RT-PCR (nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 RNA) during hospitalization, and group II (n2 = 33) includes patients with triple positive RT-PCR. An important selection criterion is the presence of three CT examinations (primary, 1st CT and two dynamic examinations - 2nd CT and 3rd CT) and at least two results of biochemistry (C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, prothrombin time, procalcitonin) performed in a single time interval of +/- 5 days from 1st CT, upon admission, and +/- 5 days from 3st CT. A total of 198 CT examinations of the lungs were analyzed (3 examinations per patient). Results. The average age of patients in the first group was 58 +/- 14.4 years, in the second - 64.9 +/- 15.7 years. The number of days from the moment of illness to the primary CT scan 6.21 +/- 3.74 in group I, 7.0 (5.0-8.0) in group II, until the 2nd CT scan - 12.5 +/- 4, 87 and 12.0 (10.0-15.0), before the 3rd CT scan - 22.0 (19.0-26.0) and 22.0 (16.0-26.0), respectively. In both groups, all 66 patients (100%), the primary study identified the double-sided ground-glass opacity symptom and 36 of 66 (55%) patients showed consolidation of the lung tissue. Later on, a first follow-up CT defined GGO not in all the cases: it was presented in 22 of 33 (67%) patients with negative RT-PCR (group I) and in 28 of 33 (85%) patients with the positive one (group II). The percentage of studies showing consolidation increased significantly: up to 30 of 33 (91%) patients in group I, and up to 32 of 33 (97%) patients in group II. For the first time, radiological symptoms of "involutional changes" appeared: in 17 (52%) patients of the first group and in 5 (15%) patients of the second one. On second follow-up CT, GGO and consolidations were detected less often than on previous CT: in 1 and 27 patients of group I (3% and 82%, respectively) and in 6 and 30 patients of group II (18% and 91%, respectively), although the consolidation symptom still prevailed significantly . The peak of "involutional changes" occurred on last CT: 31 (94%) and 25 (76%) patients of groups I and II, respectively.So, in the groups studied, the dynamics of changes in lung CT were almost equal. After analyzing the biochemistry parameters, we found out that CRP significantly decreased in 93% of patients (p < 0.001) in group I;in group II, there was a statistically significant decrease in the values of C-reactive protein in 81% of patients (p = 0.005). With an increase in CT severity of coronavirus infection by one degree, an increase in CRP by 41.8 mg/ml should be expected. In group I, a statistically significant (p = 0.001) decrease in fibrinogen was recorded in 77% of patients;and a similar dynamic of this indicator was observed in group II: fibrinogen values decreased in 66% of patients (p = 0.002). Such parameters as procalcitonin and prothrombin time did not significantly change during inpatient treatment of the patients of the studied groups (p = 0.879 and p = 0.135), which may indicate that it is inappropriate to use these parameters in assessing dynamics of patients with a similar course of the disease. When comparing the outcomes of the studied groups, there was a statistically significant higher mortality in group II - 30.3%, in group I - 21.2% (p = 0.043). Conclusion. According to our data, a course of the disease does not significantly differ in the groups o patients with positive RT-PCR and three-time negative RT-PCR. A negative RT-PCR analysis may be associated with an individual peculiarity of a patient such as a low viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in the upper respiratory tract. Therefore, with repeated negative results on the RNA of the virus in the oro- and nasopharynx, one should take into account the clinic, the X-ray picture and biochemical indicators in dynamics and not be afraid to make a diagnosis of COVID-19.Copyright © 2021 ALIES. All rights reserved.

Medical Visualization ; 26(3):10-21, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20233628


Aim. To determine ultrasound, computed tomography and angiographic image characteristics for soft tissue hemorrhages/hematomas, the sequence of using imaging methods in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, to study the morphology of changes in soft tissues, to determine the essence of the concept and to develop treatment tactics for this complication of COVID-19. Material and methods. During 4 months of treatment of elderly patients (+60) infected with SARS-CoV-2, 40 patients were identified with soft tissue hemorrhages/hematomas, of which 26 (65%) patients with large hematomas (>10 cm in size and > 1000 ml in volume). The analysis of clinical and laboratory parameters, methods of instrumental diagnostics (ultrasound - 26 patients, CT - 10 patients, angiography - 9 patients, punctures - 6 patients) was carried out;autopsy material was studied in 11 cases. Results. Image characteristics of hemorrhages/hematomas of soft tissue density were obtained using modern instrumental methods, and the sequence of application of visualization methods was determined. A tactic for managing a patient with stopped and ongoing bleeding has been developed. The morphological substrate of hemorrhagic complications in a new viral infection was studied. All patients were treated with conservative and minimally invasive procedures (embolization, puncture with pressure bandage). 15 patients (57.7%) recovered, 11 patients (42.3%) died from the progression of COVID-19 complications. Conclusion. Comprehensive clinical and laboratory sequential instrumental diagnosis of soft tissue hemorrhages in COVID-19. Treatment should be conservative and significantly invasive. The use of the term "soft tissue hematoma" in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients is not a natural quality of the normal pathological process and should not be observed from our point of view.Copyright © 2022 Rostovskii Gosudarstvennyi Meditsinskii Universitet. All rights reserved.