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Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043779


The exact pathophysiology of severe COVID-19 is not entirely elucidated, but it has been established that hyperinflammatory responses and cytokine storms play important roles. The aim of this study was to examine CMV status, select chemokines, and complement components in COVID-19, and how concentrations of given molecules differ over time at both molecular and proteomic levels. A total of 210 COVID-19 patients (50 ICU and 160 non-ICU patients) and 80 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Concentrations of select chemokines (CXCL8, CXCL10, CCL2, CCL3, CCR1) and complement factors (C2, C9, CFD, C4BPA, C5AR1, CR1) were examined at mRNA and protein levels with regard to a COVID-19 course (ICU vs. non-ICU group) and CMV status at different time intervals. We detected several significant differences in chemokines and complement profiles between ICU and non-ICU groups. Pro-inflammatory chemokines and the complement system appeared to greatly contribute to the pathogenesis and development of severe COVID-19. Higher concentrations of CXCL8 and CCL2 in the plasma, with reduced mRNA expression presumably through negative feedback mechanisms, as well as CMV-positive status, correlated with more severe courses of COVID-19. Therefore, CXCL8, CCL2, and CMV seropositivity should be considered as new prognostic factors for severe COVID-19 courses. However, more in-depth research is needed.

COVID-19 , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Chemokine CCL2/metabolism , Chemokines/metabolism , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Humans , Prognosis , Proteomics , RNA, Messenger
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(2)2022 Feb 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1690192


In December 2019 the SARS-CoV-2 virus appeared in the world, mainly presenting as an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract, namely pneumonia. Nearly 10% of all patients show significant pulmonary fibrotic changes after the infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of potassium canrenoate in the treatment of COVID-19-associated pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis. We performed a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of potassium canrenoate vs placebo. A total of 55 patients were randomized and 49 were included in the final analysis (24 allocated to the intervention group and 25 allocated to the control group). Patients were assessed by physical examination, lung ultrasound, CT imaging and blood samples that underwent biochemical analysis. This RCT has shown that the administration of potassium canrenoate to patients with COVID-19 induced pneumonia was not associated with shorter mechanical ventilation time, shorter passive oxygenation, shorter length of hospitalization or less fibrotic changes on CT imaging. The overall mortality rate was not significantly different between the two groups. Adverse events recorded in this study were not significantly increased by the administration of potassium canrenoate. The negative outcome of the study may be associated with the relatively small number of patients included. Any possible benefits from the use of potassium canrenoate as an antifibrotic drug in COVID-19 patients require further investigation.