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EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-323063


A 48-year-old woman, considered as a close contact of her husband who was diagnosed with COVID-19. She was clinically diagnosed with COVID-19-related pneumonia because of a positive antibody test. Her BALF contained an elevated lymphocyte fraction, which might explain why steroids are effective against COVID-19-related pneumonia.

J Infect Public Health ; 15(1): 109-111, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1596105
Respir Med ; 191: 106716, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1569027


The COVID-19 pandemic has put a strain on all the healthcare systems around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) stated that the "highly mutated" Omicron variant, known as B.1.1.529, could represent a very high global risk of sudden increases in infections. As a result, it is urgently necessary to explore the most suitable treatments for this variant. The purpose of the study was to investigate the currently available studies regarding the Omicron variant and try to identify any potentially effective therapies for the Omicron variant.

COVID-19/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use
J Infect Public Health ; 15(2): 153-155, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1560470

COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 18(5): 661-673, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1395533


BACKGROUND/AIM: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) poses a great challenge for the treatment of cancer patients. It presents as a severe respiratory infection in aged individuals, including some lung cancer patients. COVID-19 may be linked to the progression of aggressive lung cancer. In addition, the side effects of chemotherapy, such as chemotherapy resistance and the acceleration of cellular senescence, can worsen COVID-19. Given this situation, we investigated the role of paclitaxel (a chemotherapy drug) in the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cellular senescence of gefitinib-resistant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells (PC9-MET) to clarify the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PC9-MET cells were treated with paclitaxel for 72 h and then evaluated by a cell viability assay, DAPI staining, Giemsa staining, apoptosis assay, a reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, SA-ß-Gal staining, a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay and Western blotting. RESULTS: Paclitaxel significantly reduced the viability of PC9-MET cells and induced morphological signs of apoptosis. The apoptotic effects of paclitaxel were observed by increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 (Asp 175), cleaved caspase-9 (Asp 330) and cleaved PARP (Asp 214). In addition, paclitaxel increased ROS production, leading to DNA damage. Inhibition of ROS production by N-acetylcysteine attenuates paclitaxel-induced DNA damage. Importantly, paclitaxel eliminated cellular senescence, as observed by SA-ß-Gal staining. Cellular senescence elimination was associated with p53/p21 and p16/pRb signaling inactivation. CONCLUSION: Paclitaxel may be a promising anticancer drug and offer a new therapeutic strategy for managing gefitinib-resistant NSCLC during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Gefitinib/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cellular Senescence/drug effects , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects
Respir Investig ; 59(6): 871-875, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1364443


Spirometry is a crucial test used in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic has posed numerous challenges in performing spirometry. Dynamic-ventilatory digital radiography (DR) provides sequential chest radiography images during respiration with lower doses of radiation than conventional X-ray fluoroscopy and computed tomography. Recent studies revealed that parameters obtained from dynamic DR are promising for evaluating pulmonary function of COPD patients. We report two cases of COPD evaluated by dynamic-ventilatory DR for pulmonary function and treatment efficacy and discuss the potential of dynamic DR for evaluating COPD therapy.

Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Radiographic Image Enhancement/methods , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Aged , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/drug therapy , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Fluticasone/therapeutic use , Formoterol Fumarate/therapeutic use , Glycopyrrolate/analogs & derivatives , Glycopyrrolate/therapeutic use , Humans , Indans/therapeutic use , Lung/physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Quinolones/therapeutic use , Spirometry , Tiotropium Bromide/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 28: 100399, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230425


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has triggered a sudden global change in healthcare systems. Cancer patients have a higher risk of death from COVID-19 in comparison to patients without cancer. Many studies have stated that various factors, such as older age, frequent exposure to healthcare, and higher smoking rates are responsible for the complications of COVID-19. We hypothesize that side effects of chemotherapy, such as cellular senescence, could worsen COVID-19. Given this situation, in this review, we highlight the updated findings of research investigating the impact of cellular senescence on COVID-19 complications and explored potential therapeutic targets for eliminating senescent cells during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Neoplasms/pathology , Cellular Senescence/drug effects , Humans , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasms/virology
Clin Case Rep ; 2020 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-797223


The combination therapy of Lopinavir/Ritonavir plus Favipiravir might be a treatment option for patients with COVID-19. Serum ferritin levels and lymphocytopenia are promising markers for disease severity and disease progression that are commonly available in general clinical practice.