Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Arch Comput Methods Eng ; : 1-33, 2022 Nov 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2265792


There is a need for some techniques to solve various problems in today's computing world. Metaheuristic algorithms are one of the techniques which are capable of providing practical solutions to such issues. Due to their efficiency, metaheuristic algorithms are now used in healthcare data to diagnose diseases practically and with better results than traditional methods. In this study, an efficient search has been performed where 173 papers from different research databases such as Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, and others have been considered impactful in diagnosing the diseases using metaheuristic techniques. Ten metaheuristic techniques have been studied, which include spider monkey, shuffled frog leaping algorithm, cuckoo search algorithm, ant lion technique of optimization, lion optimization technique, moth flame technique, bat-inspired algorithm, grey wolf algorithm, whale optimization, and dragonfly technique of optimization for selecting and optimizing the features to predict heart disease, Alzheimer's disease, brain disorder, diabetes, chronic disease features, liver disease, covid-19, etc. Besides, the framework has also been shown to provide information on various phases behind the execution of metaheuristic techniques to predict diseases. The study's primary goal is to present the contribution of the researchers by demonstrating their methodology to predict diseases using the metaheuristic techniques mentioned above. Later, their work has also been compared and evaluated using accuracy, precision, F1 score, error rate, sensitivity, specificity, an area under a curve, etc., to help the researchers to choose the right field and methods for predicting the diseases in the future.

SN Comput Sci ; 4(1): 91, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2158268


In the paper, the authors investigated and predicted the future environmental circumstances of a COVID-19 to minimize its effects using artificial intelligence techniques. The experimental investigation of COVID-19 instances has been performed in ten countries, including India, the United States, Russia, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Italy, Turkey, Germany, and France using machine learning, deep learning, and time series models. The confirmed, deceased, and recovered datasets from January 22, 2020, to May 29, 2021, of Novel COVID-19 cases were considered from the Kaggle COVID dataset repository. The country-wise Exploratory Data Analysis visually represents the active, recovered, closed, and death cases from March 2020 to May 2021. The data are pre-processed and scaled using a MinMax scaler to extract and normalize the features to obtain an accurate prediction rate. The proposed methodology employs Random Forest Regressor, Decision Tree Regressor, K Nearest Regressor, Lasso Regression, Linear Regression, Bayesian Regression, Theilsen Regression, Kernel Ridge Regressor, RANSAC Regressor, XG Boost, Elastic Net Regressor, Facebook Prophet Model, Holt Model, Stacked Long Short-Term Memory, and Stacked Gated Recurrent Units to predict active COVID-19 confirmed, death, and recovered cases. Out of different machine learning, deep learning, and time series models, Random Forest Regressor, Facebook Prophet, and Stacked LSTM outperformed to predict the best results for COVID-19 instances with the lowest root-mean-square and highest R 2 score values.