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J Infect Chemother ; 28(2): 347-351, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1510011


Genetic testing using reverse transcriptase real-time polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) is the mainstay of diagnosis of COVID-19. However, it has not been fully investigated whether infectious viruses are contained in SARS-CoV-2 genome-positive specimens examined using the rRT-PCR test. In this study, we examined the correlation between the threshold Cycle (Ct) value obtained from the rRT-PCR test and virus isolation in cultured cells, using 533 consecutive clinical specimens of COVID-19 patients. The virus was isolated from specimens with a Ct value of less than 30 cycles, and the lower the Ct value, the more efficient the isolation rate. A cytopathic effect due to herpes simplex virus type 1 contamination was observed in one sample with a Ct value of 35 cycles. In a comparison of VeroE6/TMPRSS2 cells and VeroE6 cells used for virus isolation, VeroE6/TMPRSS2 cells isolated the virus 1.7 times more efficiently than VeroE6 cells. There was no significant difference between the two cells in the mean Ct value of the detectable sample. In conclusion, Lower Ct values in the PCR test were associated with higher virus isolation rates, and VeroE6/TMPRSS2 cells were able to isolate viruses more efficiently than VeroE6 cells.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Cell Line , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Humans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Int J Infect Dis ; 105: 522-524, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1131384


OBJECTIVES: Early and simple detection of high-risk groups is crucial for minimizing severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related deaths. Soluble interleukin 2 receptors (sIL2R) have been suspected as being prognostic markers for infectious diseases. This study validated the usefulness of sIL2R as a marker for deaths related to COVID-19. METHODS: This retrospective observational study enrolled participants who showed positive results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RNA admitted to the current hospital between 01 April and 30 September 2020. Of the 102 patients enrolled in this study, sIL2R levels were measured in 87 patients. For comparisons between survival and non-survival groups, potential confounding variables were entered into univariate models, and variables showing significant correlations (p < 0.05) in those models were added to a multivariate model. RESULTS: Being aged ≥60 years and sIL2R levels ≥1060 U/ml were significantly associated with mortality on univariate analyses; only sIL2R levels significantly correlated with mortality on multivariate logistic regression analysis. Further, sequential sIL2R levels in three patients were increased at progression or death. CONCLUSION: SIL2R on admission and sequential monitoring of sIL2R might reflect disease severity.

COVID-19/mortality , Receptors, Interleukin-2/analysis , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , Biomarkers/analysis , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies