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JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(244): 1313-1315, 2021 Dec 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1579278


After almost a year of declaring COVID-19 a global pandemic, unusual presentations of the disease continue to be reported. Very little is known about its association with pleural disease. Here, we present a case of empyema thoracis in a 39-year-old male admitted with COVID-19. The pleural fluid later turned serosanguinous and eventually bleeding from other sites also occurred. During his treatment, antibiotics were given, thoracocentesis was performed and later thoracotomy was done. He died on the 19th day of admission following a hemorrhagic stroke. Pleural disease, although considered atypical and unusual presentation of COVID-19, needs careful and prompt diagnosis and earliest intervention. COVID-19, being a disease that involves multiple systems, and presentation of the disease may eventually lead to circulatory dysfunction and hence should be kept under consideration.

COVID-19 , Empyema, Pleural , Adult , Empyema, Pleural/diagnosis , Empyema, Pleural/etiology , Empyema, Pleural/therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Thoracotomy/adverse effects
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(240): 805-807, 2021 Aug 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1389984


Nepal started the COVID-19 vaccination on 27 January 2021 with AstraZeneca/Oxford Coronavirus Disease-19 AZD1222 (Covishield) vaccine to control the Coronavirus disease pandemic. The vaccine has a good safety profile, with cardiovascular complications being rare. Herein we report a rare case of cardiovascular complication following Covishield vaccination in a 33 years old female who had dizziness and elevated blood pressure immediately following vaccination and abnormal electrocardiogram showing T wave inversions followed by left bundle branch block. The patient was kept on observation, following which the blood pressure and electrocardiogram changes were normal by seven days. This cardiovascular complication following the vaccination demands further investigation into the adverse event of the vaccine. However, since the benefit of the vaccine outweighs the risk, World Health Organization has recommended the continuity of the vaccine as of now.

COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Female , Humans , Nepal , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242658, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-992689


BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B imposes a major public health problem with an increased risk of occupational exposure among unvaccinated health care workers. This study was conducted to determine the Hepatitis B vaccination status, along with the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding Hepatitis B, among preclinical medical students of a medical college in Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted among preclinical students of a medical college in Kathmandu, Nepal from 6th July to 14th July 2020. The whole sampling technique was used. Data were collected using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire which was emailed to individuals and analyzed with the statistical package for social sciences version-22. RESULTS: A total of 181 students participated in the study out of 198, giving a response rate of 91.4%. Among the study participants, only 67 (37%) were fully vaccinated against Hepatitis B while 71 (39.2%) were never vaccinated. For the majority (74.6%) of the non-vaccinated participants, the main reason for not getting vaccination was a lack of vaccination programs. Half the study participants (n = 92, 50.8%) had good knowledge, attitude and practice regarding hepatitis B. The median knowledge, attitude and practice scores towards Hepatitis B were 61.00 (57.00-66.00), 20(18.00-21.00) and 21(19.00-23.00) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of preclinical medical students were not fully vaccinated against Hepatitis B and only half of them had acceptable knowledge, attitude and practice towards Hepatitis B, which makes them vulnerable to the infection. This might represent the situation of not only Nepal, but also all South Asian countries, and creates concern about whether students take the vaccination programs seriously. Since unavailability of vaccination program is the main cause of non-vaccination, we strongly recommend the provision of the Hepatitis B vaccination program to the preclinical medical students.

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Hepatitis B Vaccines/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Students, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Nepal/epidemiology