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J Hazard Mater ; 420: 126587, 2021 10 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1307043


In this study, the motion and distribution of droplets containing coronaviruses emitted by coughing of an infected person in front of a classroom (e.g., a teacher) were investigated using CFD. A 3D turbulence model was used to simulate the airflow in the classroom, and a Lagrangian particle trajectory analysis method was used to track the droplets. The numerical model was validated and was used to study the effects of ventilation airflow speeds of 3, 5, and 7 m/s on the dispersion of droplets of different sizes. In particular, the effect of installing transparent barriers in front of the seats on reducing the average droplet concentration was examined. The results showed that using the seat partitions for individuals can prevent the infection to a certain extent. An increase in the ventilation air velocity increased the droplets' velocities in the airflow direction, simultaneously reducing the trapping time of the droplets by solid barriers. As expected, in the absence of partitions, the closest seats to the infected person had the highest average droplet concentration (3.80 × 10-8 kg/m3 for the case of 3 m/s).

COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Ventilation