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1.
European journal of public health ; 32(Suppl 3), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2101640

ABSTRACT

Introduction Knowing predictors for adherence to governmental recommendations is fundamental to guiding health communication in pandemic situations. This study investigated whether political stringency was associated with students’ adherence to the COVID-19 governmental measures in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, and Sweden) and the United Kingdom (UK). Methods We used data from a cross-sectional online survey, from university students in all Nordic countries and the UK (N = 10.345), in May 2020. Data on socio-demography, study information, living arrangements, health behaviors, stress, knowledge, and concern about COVID-19 infection supplemented with measures on political stringency from the Oxford Covid-19 Government Response Tracker were utilised. Multiple linear regression analysis methods were applied. Results Around 66% reported that they followed governmental measures. Our model explained only 10% of the variation of adherence. The main predictors for adherence were older age, female sex, and being worried about the COVID-19 infection. More days since lockdown and political stringency were also associated with adherence to governmental recommendations in all countries. Sweden had the lowest willingness to adhere to governmental recommendations even though the strength of the association between political stringency and adherence was similar to other countries. Conclusions Political stringency and congruent communication are important in ensuring adherence to governmental recommendations during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Key messages • Political stringency is important to ensure adherence to governmental recommendations. • Congruent communication is important to ensure adherence to governmental recommendations.

2.
Journal of Urology ; 207(5):E12-E12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2067997
3.
Archives of Disease in Childhood ; 107(Supplement 2):A292-A293, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064036

ABSTRACT

Aims The COVID-19 pandemic triggered a national lockdown to be imposed in the UK in March 2020. Social restrictions resulted in children being isolated within their homes with little to no contact with teachers, social workers, or health services. These measures decreased the opportunity to detect children suffering from abuse.1 Nationally, social restrictions contributed to 8,500 fewer referrals to children's services during COVID-19.2 Increased financial strain3 alongside domestic violence4 is suggested to have potentiated an increase in child abuse during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study therefore aimed to assess how COVID-19 affected child protection referrals in Leeds and evaluate the concern that the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in more child abuse yet fewer child abuse referrals. 2,5-7 Methods Referrals to Leeds Community Paediatric Department between 1st March and 30th September 2019 and 2020 were collated using electronic patient records and in total 426 referrals were evaluated. The source, reason and outcome of referrals was recorded as well as the age, sex, ethnicity, number of siblings, and socioeconomic status of each child. The presence of domestic violence in the household as well as any prior interactions with children's services was recorded. Results There were 22.5% fewer referrals in 2020 during the pandemic when compared to 2019, with a reduction in referrals from every source. The percentage of children with domestic violence in their household rose significantly from 44.58% in 2019 to 58.60% in 2020. The age of children referred differed significantly between 2019 and 2020. The modal age of children referred in 2019 was four years whereas in 2020 it was one year. Conclusion The number of referrals for suspected child abuse decreased in Leeds during COVID-19. It is therefore likely that child abuse became less visible rather than less prevalent during this pandemic.

4.
Annals of Emergency Medicine ; 80(4, Supplement):S153-S154, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2060378
5.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 64(Suppl 1):S95-S96, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2044890

ABSTRACT

Introduction Globally, governments have enforced protective measures of social distancing to prevent COVID-19 spread. The lifestyles of public have essentially transformed due to these actions. This study evaluates the effects of COVID-19 on connections and behavior/life adaptations. Objectives Changes in life style and behavior in COVID-19-Pandemic Methods We conducted a global cross-sectional study via survey on phone apps and social media platforms in population aged ≥ 16, including questions regarding demographic data and lifestyle changes. We also searched databases APA PsycNet, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Medline;reviewed 40 articles and included 3 in this review, a cross-sectional online survey1, a planned questionnaire2, and a study on 600 adolescents, age 10-19 in Palestine3 Results Our survey data showed total of 1002 responses, 31.7% decreased sleep, 42.1% increased appetite, 70.6% bulk-buying, and 50.2% weight gain. 43.1% less socialization than before, 78.7% increased screen time, 53.5% excessive hand washing/wiping surfaces, 45% reported social distancing facilitated in overpowering the fear of contracting infection, 29.4% negative impact on relationships, 80.7% noticed changes in behavior including shaking hands/hugging/speaking with a mask on, 49.5% adopted new hobbies, 34.9% showed increase in meditation. The literature review revealed that since COVID-19, there is an increase in screen time, weight, appetite, sleep, and a decrease in physical activity1-3, and greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet in younger population2 Conclusions COVID-19 induced quarantine has caused increased screen time, appetite, weight gain, adoption of new hobbies, bulk-buying, hand washing, meditation, reduced sleep, and negatively impacted interaction/relationships. COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing and our data needs further assessment in more population studies. Disclosure No significant relationships.

6.
Annals of Indian Psychiatry ; 6(2):155-163, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2024700

ABSTRACT

Background: The uncontrolled spread of the COVID-19 disease in India's second wave post-February 2021, put to task the public health system across the nation. This, in turn, exhausted our health-care workforce both physically and mentally. To establish the prevalence of psychological symptoms and guide the action plan in place, the present study was undertaken among COVID-19 health-care workers (HCWs) at tertiary-care public hospital, Mumbai. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted after due institutional ethical clearance among 212 HCWs engaged in the management of COVID-19 patients during the second wave. A Google Form (R) was created in English, Hindi, and Marathi languages for self-administration. Data were collected under three domains;informed consent, sociodemographic and workplace-related details, and DASS-21 Questionnaire scores. This was further subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS (R) software. Results: This study included 90 (42.5%) doctors, 91 (42.9%) nurses, and 31 (14.6%) other categories of HCWs. Depression was prevalent in 44.3% HCWs, while 43.9% and 36.3% of the HCWs were affected by anxiety and stress, respectively. Younger population, female gender, and doctors were associated (P < 0.05) with an increased likelihood of either of the prevalent psychological symptoms. Other significantly associated (P < 0.05) factors included COVID-19 vaccination status of the HCW, history of COVID-19 infection, infected colleague at workplace, workplace housing facilities and commute, number of dependents on the HCW and hospitalized family member or close friend. Conclusion: The COVID-19 HCWs were found to be under considerable psychological strain. In essence, screening, identifying, and effectively targeting HCWs for psychological interventions is needed to protect and strengthen the health-care system.

7.
Prev Med ; 164: 107245, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2008195

ABSTRACT

Understanding predictors of adherence to governmental measures to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 is fundamental to guide health communication. This study examined whether political stringency and infection rates during the first wave of the pandemic were associated with higher education students' adherence to COVID-19 government measures in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, and Sweden) and the United Kingdom. Both individual- and country-level data were used in present study. An international cross-sectional subsample (n = 10,345) of higher-education students was conducted in May-June 2020 to collect individual-level information on socio-demographics, study information, living arrangements, health behaviors, stress, and COVID-19-related concerns, including adherence to government measures. Country-level data on political stringency from the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker and national infection rates were added to individual-level data. Multiple linear regression analyses stratified by country were conducted. Around 66% of students reported adhering to government measures, with the highest adherence in the UK (73%) followed by Iceland (72%), Denmark (69%), Norway (67%), Finland (64%) and Sweden (49%). Main predictors for higher adherence were older age, being female and being worried about getting infected with COVID-19 (individual-level), an increase in number of days since lockdown, political stringency, and information about COVID-19 mortality rates (country-level). However, incidence rate was an inconsistent predictor, which may be explained by imperfect data quality during the onset of the pandemic. We conclude that shorter lockdown periods and political stringency are associated with adherence to government measures among higher education students at the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Communicable Disease Control , Government , Disease Outbreaks , Students , Scandinavian and Nordic Countries/epidemiology
8.
Pediatrics ; 149, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2003523

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to a rapid increase in the use of telemedicine in health care. However, several elements of pediatric primary care visits including, vaccinations, screening tests and lab draws require direct patient contact. This often necessitates an in-person follow-up visit being scheduled after a completed telemedicine visit. This study investigated the in-person follow-up rate after telemedicine visits at East Carolina University (ECU) general pediatrics clinic. We also sought to find what, if any, patient and visit characteristics correlated with the non-completion of required vaccinations, screenings, or lab tests. Methods: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at ECU. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children who completed telemedicine visits in our clinic between April 1st and May 31st, 2020. Encounters that required a follow-up in-person visit were determined by manual chart review. Completion of required in-person follow-up was tracked through August 31st, 2020. Data analysis was completed in Stata 16.1 SE (College Station, TX: StataCorp, LP), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of 500 eligible encounters, 16% did not attend a recommended in-person follow-up. Among those who completed in-person follow-up, 19% did so more than seven days after their completed telemedicine visit. Comparisons between patient characteristics, visit types, and reason for the in-person follow-up were performed between patients who attended at least one in-person follow-up and those who did not. Results are summarized in Tables 1 and 2. There were no statistically significant difference in the reasons for the follow up visit among patients who did and did not attend, though the majority of non-attendance was for lab draws (29%) and examinations (21%). The main factor associated with lack of follow-up was patient age, which had a statistically significant difference in both bivariate and multivariable analysis. Infants had a higher follow-up rate when compared to children aged 1-5 (HR: 0.67;95% CI: 0.53, 0.84;p=0.001). For health insurance coverage, encounter type, and reason for in-person follow-up, we found differences in the bivariate analysis that did not persist after multivariable adjustments. Conclusion: Not all recommended in-person follow-ups were completed after pediatric primary care telemedicine visits. Understanding which patients face challenges in receiving all components of well and sick care while utilizing telemedicine is necessary for ensuring the health and well-being of children. While there were some statistically significant differences between patient populations who completed an in-person follow-up after having a telemedicine visit, those differences alone are likely unable to predict which patients are most at risk for non-completion. As telemedicine may continue playing an important role in the postpandemic future, future work needs to be done to identify the barriers that exist for at-risk patients.

9.
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome-Clinical Research & Reviews ; 16(5), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2003209
10.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(6):297-300, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939793

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine patient concerns and anxiety regarding orthodontic treatment and appointments during COVID-19 Pandemic Methodology: After approval from Sharif Medical Research Center (SMRC) and the Ethics Committee of Sharif Medical City Hospital (SMCH), 247 orthodontic patients were selected from the Orthodontics Department of SMCH, Lahore, who had ongoing orthodontic treatment. The total duration of the study was two and a half months from 12th March to 30th May 2021. Data was analyzed by IBM SPSS version 25. Percentages of the responses in each domain of the questionnaire were calculated. Chi-square test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were applied where applicable to determine the significance of associations between different variables, with p<0.05 taken as significant. Results: Two hundred and forty seven patients were sent the questionnaire links, while 213 patients responded, out of which 132 were females and 81 were males, with mean age 22.81±2.93 years. Anxiety about the coronavirus pandemic ranged from 5.32 ±2.30. Patients were particularly concerned about the length of time it would take to complete their orthodontic treatment as a result of quarantine (55.9 percent). 5.68±2.15 was the mean anxiety level. Conclusion: The quarantine recommended due to the COVID-19 pandemic impacted orthodontic appointments and patients' anxieties and anxiety, since a statistically significant correlation was established between quarantine and coronavirus sentiments and orthodontic appointment willingness. Males were more willing to get braces than females. Delay in treatment end, bracket breaking, and growing malocclusion were patients' top concerns. Patients said the most critical precaution in orthodontics was changing the dentists' disposable lab coats after every visit to avoid cross-contamination.

11.
Rawal Medical Journal ; 47(2):262-264, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925316

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the current practice parameters and apprehensions of medical fraternity. Methodology: This cross sectional survey was conducted by using online Google forms. A total of 119 participants completed the form and were included in the analysis. Brief questionnaire constituted of nine questions to explore current crisis and future apprehensions about non-COVID-19 patients. SPSS version 23 was used for data analysis. Results: Among 119 participants, majority (77%) were from Pakistan. Medicine and allied were in the highest number (67%) followed by surgical colleagues (18%). Around 41% reported to close their clinical services during pandemic and 69% started providing online services, including those (36%) who were providing both i.e. face-to-face and online. A significant number of physicians (72%) believed that non-COVID patients were suffering these days and around (76%) apprehended that patient’s health may have deteriorated due to lack of care. Conclusion: Care of non-COVID patients has compromised and immediate actions are needed to halt further decline. A separate place of care for COVID-19 patients, utilization of technology, home visits and gradual opening of OPDs with strict SOP compliance is needed.

12.
Obstetrics and Gynecology ; 139(SUPPL 1):99S-100S, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925208

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is responsible for 15% of all community-prescribed antibiotics. The effects of the pandemic on UTI treatment are largely unknown. We evaluated the impact of COVID-19 and telemedicine on empiric UTI treatment in women, hypothesizing that increased telemedicine during the pandemic would increase empiric UTI treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of treatment patterns of female patients aged 18-65 using ICD-10 codes for acute cystitis with and without hematuria during the first 6 months of the pandemic versus the preceding 6 months. Our primary outcome was empiric antibiotic treatment, defined by treatment based on clinical picture with/without pending urine testing. To reach 80% power, we included 222 patients. RESULTS: The average age of participants was 42. Fifty-two percent were White, 23% Black, and 23% Hispanic. No demographic differences existed between cohorts. During the pandemic, 36.6% of UTI encounters were conducted via telemedicine, compared to 1.5% pre-pandemic (P<.0001). The rate of empiric treatment increased from 58.2% pre-pandemic to 70.5% pandemic (P=.055). The rate of treatment based on clinical picture with no pending urine testing was significantly higher during the pandemic (P<.0001). Nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was used in 79% of patients prescribed an antibiotic. The treatment adjustment rate was 17.1%. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 dramatically increased telemedicine utilization by women with UTI symptoms. Empiric treatment approached significance and confirmatory urine testing was done significantly less during the pandemic. Given the importance of antibiotic stewardship, it is important to further characterize telemedicine's impact on treatment of this common condition.

13.
Advances in Human Biology ; 12(1):22-26, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1917944

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a term for autologous platelet concentrates generated from the patient's own blood (PRF). PRF and its derivatives (L-PRF, A-PRF, i-PRF) have been used for delicate tissue restoration in a variety of dental procedures. The quantity of leucocytes and other growth factors in PRF of healthy and post-COVID-19 people differs, according to the literature, and these influence wound tissue healing. Materials and Methods: Thirty healthy volunteers and 30 post-COVID-19 volunteers (age range 24-60 years). For PRF preparation, a REMI PR-23 table centrifuge and a blood collection kit consisting of a 19G needle and 10 ml blood collection tubes were used. The analysis was performed by dividing the subject groups into three test groups (Group 1 - post-COVID-19, 0-30 days;Group 2 - post-COVID-19, 31-90 days;Group 3 - normal patients). Group 1, 2 and 3 consisted of 23, 7 and 30 patients, respectively. Results: The result was statistically significant between the normal and posted COVID-19 patient groups (P = 0.00). Not much statistical significance was found between post-COVID-19 patients from 0-30 days to 31-90 days (P = 0.370). Considering the limitations of the study, our findings imply that typical patients' PRF clots or membranes comprise the majority of platelets and half of the leucocytes present in the first blood collection. Conclusion: Within the fibrin network, platelet growth factors are stuck, but the PRF clot or membrane of the post-COVID-19 patients contains a reduced/negligible number of leucocytes. Thus, the growth factors which is released are also less. Therefore, usage of PRF in post-COVID-19 patients for periodontal regenerative therapies should be avoided, at least for the first 60 days, to replenish the reduced leucocyte count and growth factors in the blood.

14.
15.
Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research ; 25(7):S498-S498, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1904974
16.
Journal of Urology ; 207(SUPPL 5):e12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1886478

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI), one of the most common reasons women seek acute care, is responsible for 15% of all community-prescribed antibiotics. The effects of the pandemic and telemedicine on UTI treatment are largely unknown. Here, we evaluated the impact of Covid-19 and telemedicine on empiric UTI treatment in women. We hypothesized that increased use of telemedicine during the pandemic would increase the rate of empiric UTI treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of treatment patterns of female patients aged 18-65 using ICD-10 codes for acute cystitis with (N30.00) and without (N30.01) hematuria during the first 6 months of the pandemic (March 2020 - August 2020) versus the 6 months preceding the pandemic (September 2019 - February 2020). Our primary outcome was presence of empiric antibiotic treatment, defined by treatment based on clinical picture with or without pending urine testing. Secondary analysis included determining which antibiotics were most commonly prescribed and treatment adjustment. To reach 80% power to detect a 10% difference with p≤0.05, we included 222 patients. Exclusion criteria included inpatient encounter, long-term facility residence, urinary procedure in last 2 weeks, previous UTI treatment within 30 days. RESULTS: The average age of participants was 42 years. Fiftytwo percent were white, 23% Black, and 23% Hispanic. No demographic differences existed between cohorts. During the pandemic, 36.6% of UTI encounters were conducted via telemedicine, compared to 1.5% pre-pandemic (p<.0001). The rate of empiric treatment increased from 58.2% pre-pandemic to 70.5% during the pandemic (p=.055). The rate of treatment based on clinical picture with no pending urine testing was significantly higher during the pandemic (p<.0001). Nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole was used in 79% of patients prescribed an antibiotic. The overall rate of treatment adjustment was 17.1%;there was no significant difference by time period. CONCLUSIONS: Covid-19 dramatically increased telemedicine utilization by women with UTI symptoms. Empiric treatment approached significance and confirmatory urine testing was done significantly less during the pandemic. Given the importance of antibiotic stewardship, it is important to further characterize telemedicine's impact on treatment of this common condition. (Table Presented).

17.
Alexandria Engineering Journal ; 61(12):9661-9671, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1885580

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we introduce a new class of statistical models to deal with the data sets in the sports and health sectors. The new class is called, a novel exponent power-Y (NovEP-Y) family of distributions. By implementing the NovEP-Y approach, a new model, namely, a novel exponent power-Weibull (NovEP-Weibull) distribution is introduced. Some distributional properties of the NovEP-Y family such as identifiability, order statistics, quantile function, and moments are obtained. The maximum likelihood estimators of the parameters are also derived. Furthermore, a brief Monto Carlo simulation study is conducted to evaluate the performances of the estimators. To show the applicability of the NovEP-Weibull model, two data sets from the sports and health sciences are considered. The first data set represents the time-to-even data collected from different football matches during the period 1964-2018. Whereas, the second data set is taken from the health sector, representing the survival times of the COVID-19 infected patients. Based on some well-known statistical tests, it is observed that the NovEP-Weibull model is a very competitive dis-tribution for modeling the data sets in the sports and health sectors. (c) 2022 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

18.
Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research ; 39(Special Issue):37-47, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1857348

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hand Hygiene is the cheapest, easiest and the single most effective measure to reduce cross-transmission of infection from one patient to another and from the healthcare workers to patients and vice versa. Multiple studies have shown a decrease in healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) rates after improvement in hand-hygiene compliance. Despite being the simplest procedure adherence to the hand hygiene recommendations remains well below 50% and healthcare workers repeatedly observed as being poor compliers. Objective: This study was planned to access the impact of covid-19 pandemic on the compliance of infection control practices at a tertiary health care centre in India. Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was used to assess the impact of covid-19 pandemic on attitude, knowledge and on the compliance of hand hygiene practices at a tertiary health care centre in India. Results: A marked difference was observed in the availability of resources for hand hygiene i.e., 48 (96%) locations and the display of instructions for hand hygiene 50 (100%). A significant difference was also observed among the knowledge of the steps of hand hygiene {2019: 16(32%;2020: 33 (66%)} and of the moments of hand hygiene {2019: 27 (54%);2020;44 (88%)}. (ϰ2 = 79.2, df =1, p = 0). In 2020 (during COVID-19 pandemic) a significant increase in compliance was noted in most of the departments with highest compliance rate of ICUs (100%), followed by OTs (91.7%), paediatrics (95.8%) obstetrics and gynaecology (90.6%), surgery (86.5%), blood bank and laboratories (85.7%). However, unlike the other parameters, the compliance of hand hygiene during the previous year (2019) and during 2020 (COVID-19 pandemic, was poor with no significant difference in compliance of hand hygiene practices even during the pandemic. Of all the 5 moments suggested by WHO, maximum compliance (36% in 2019 and 60% in 2020 pandemic) was after body fluid exposure. Conclusions: Hand Hygiene should be made a national priority. Active involvement by healthcare administrators, national and local governments should be committed to make hand hygiene a mandate for patient safety. Accessibility to hand hygiene products like soap and water and/or alcohol-based hand rubs and written and verbal reminders to staff are essential to improve the compliance of hand hygiene. Thrust should also be given to hand hygiene as a research subject. © 2021, Arabian Gulf University. All rights reserved.

19.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(3):188-189, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1856775

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the safety and success of facial artery ligation alone in arteriovenous malformation of upper lip in non-affording patients. Methodology: This prospective study was conducted at Department of Plastic surgery, on 11 consecutive patients with recurrent upper lip arteriovenous malformation who couldn’t afford angioembolization and frequent hospital visits for staged procedures. We did debulking of lesion after facial artery ligation and cosmetic lip correction. Results: Total 11 patients (9 males and 2 females) were included in this study. Majority of patients showed satisfactory results with facial artery ligation alone. One patient lost the follow up. No significant complication was noted in any patient. No recurrence was noted at 6 months and 1 year follow-up. Patient satisfaction rate remained 8.6±0.96 as per VAC. Conclusion: facial artery ligation alone provides an easy and approachable option for arteriovenous malformation where cost affordability for angioemboization and repeated hospital visits are main limitations.

20.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(3):255-257, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819181

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the level of student's satisfaction with online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: The study was conducted in Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore from 10th June to 10th July 2020. It was a cross-sectional survey in which MBBS and BDS students were consecutively enrolled in the study. An online survey was carried out after the completion of 6 weeks of online classes through the Zoom application. A self-designed questionnaire based on a 5-point Likert scale was given to the students to grade the effectiveness of learning through e-classes and their satisfaction level on various parameters. On the Likert scale, 1 & 2 were taken as highly dissatisfied (strongly disagree, & disagree) and 4 & 5 being satisfied (strongly agree, & agree) and 3 was considered as uncertain. Percentages of the respondents in each domain of the questionnaire were calculated. Results: Out of 470 participants, only 72(15.32%) students already had an experience of e-classes. Among the study participants, 327(69.57%) were of MBBS and 143(30.43%) were of BDS. The majority of the students 291(61.91%) were not satisfied with online classes, 99(21.06%) of students were uncertain and only 80(17.02%) of the students were satisfied. Conclusion: The majority of the students 291(61.91%) were not satisfied with online classes in terms of learning environment, technological characteristics, and course management.

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