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1.
Rawal Medical Journal ; 47(2):434-437, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the impact of covid-19 on medical education and anxiety level of medical students. Methodology: This prospective cross sectional study was done at Shifa College of mMedicine, Islamabad, Pakistan from 1st October 2020 to 15th November 2020. Medical students were randomly selected and a preformed questionnaire was circulated among them via Online Google forums. We used GAD-7 scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23. Results: Out of 122 respondents, 69 (56.5%) were female. Mean age was 22.1 ± 1.7 years. Almost all students had online education during COVID-19, however, 64 (52.4%) of them faced communication problems during online education. Only 32 (26.2%) were satisfied with this method. In this study, 46 (37.7%) respondents had anxiety;38.0% had moderate to severe and 27.0% had mild anxiety. Most of the anxious respondents were significantly younger (21.6 vs. 22.5 years, p = 0.01). Females were significantly more anxious (69.6% vs. 30.4%) than males (p < 0.03). Conclusion: During Covid-19 pandemic, anxiety and stress levels have increased among medical student. © 2022, Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.

2.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(3):4778-4787, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857057

ABSTRACT

Background:Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by a novel corona virus called SARS-CoV. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test remains the reference standard to make a definitive diagnosis. However few COVID-19 patients with pulmonary involvement on computed tomography have negative results of RT-PCR, owing to limitation of nucleic acid detection technologies, sampling errors and low virus load. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the key features of HRCT imaging in patients with COVID 19. Aims and objectives: To study various HRCT findings in COVID 19 patients. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was done from January 2021 to June 2021 at department of Respiratory medicine at tertiary care hospital in Mysore. The study included 100 patients who were laboratory confirmed cases of Covid 19 and who were subjected to HRCT chest as per guidelines. Results: In our study, we found that, 24 (24%) patients had 0 lobe involvement and the rest 75 (75%) had at least one lobe being involved. 48 (48%) patients had all 5 lobes involved. Of the 76 patients, who had abnormality in HRCT, showed sub pleural 48 (63.1%) involvement, Centro parenchymal involvement in 2 (2.6%), both were involved in 26 (34.2%).The most common pattern being GGOs with or without consolidation with a total distribution of (71%), other findings included to be interseptal thickening [22%], pure consolidation with air bronchogram [8%], nodular thickening [3%], cavities [3%]. Conclusion: Presence of GGO with or without consolidation should be considered as a strong suspicion of COVID 19 and patients be treated accordingly.

3.
Pakistan Journal of Zoology ; 54(2):965-968, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1841740

ABSTRACT

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) causes an acute, highly contagious viral respiratory disease in poultry with huge economic impact and extremely difficult to control due to its multiple serotypes. The disease could be prevented by rapid diagnosis either molecular or serological test. However, the later test is inexpensive such as heamagglutination inhibition test (HI), but IBV fail to give Heamagglutination (HA) reaction without pretreatment. Therefore, we designed this study for preparation of IBV antigen by treating with different enzymes for HA reaction. IBV local isolates were characterized by SDS-PAGE and RT-PCR. The indigenous isolate HA antigens were treated with different proteolytic enzymes trypsin, neuraminidase and phospholipase C. The prepared antigen were stored at -86oC and used for HA test. All antigen prepared by different enzyme were found to give significant HA titer up to 7 log2 . During stability test antigen prepared by phospholipase C were found most stable up to six month by giving constant 7 log2 HA titer, while neuraminidase induced antigen were stable up to five months (7 log2). Trypsin treated antigen were readily lost its activity from 7 log2 to 2 log2 after two months of incubation. During specificity test all antigens showed specific effect on IBV by eliciting agglutination of RBCs while other avian viruses avian influenza (AI), new castle disease virus (NDV) and infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) were not affected by enzymatic inductions. Therefore, the antigen prepared by phospholipase C has been found to be more effective for HI test for rapid diagnosis of IBV during infection.

4.
Frontiers in Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834385

ABSTRACT

This study aims to find the nexuses among energy efficiency, renewable energy consumption, foreign direct investment, logistics industry, manufacturing industry and global trade during the COVID-19 pandemic and their impact on global supply chains in exporting nations of the world. The data for this study has been extracted from the World Development Indicators and Statista 2021 for 13 years ranging from 2007-to 2020 for nine top exporting countries. The fixed effect panel estimation technique was implied to examine and analyze the data. The results of our study revealed that highly risky diseases significantly impact supply chain operations globally. Global supply chains, logistics and manufacturing industries significantly influence global trade operations. Our results implicate that the overall international trade and logistics can be enhanced by improving the manufacturing and logistics industries by coping with the risk of pandemic diseases. Moreover, by utilizing cost-effective, renewable and efficient energy resources companies address sustainability issues of global trade and operations. By exerting further attention to the proficiency of the levies approval process, competence and quality of logistics services, and ease of assembling competitively priced shipments, the governments can significantly enhance the export from the logistics industry. Also, increasing manufacturing and agricultural value-added healthier consequences might be acquired in global supply chain operations from the manufacturing industry. Copyright © 2022 Rehman Khan, Hassan, Khan, Khan, Godil and Tanveer.

5.
7th International Conference on Data Science and Machine Learning Applications, CDMA 2022 ; : 13-18, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1794858

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has been assumed as a global pandemic as it caused disruption in all fields of life. The supply chain of manufacturing firms are also adversely affected by this pandemic. Keeping this in view, the current study is conducted to analyze the role of business data analytics (BDA) and digital marketing in improving Chinese firm performance during Covid-19. In this study, cross-sectional data was collected through questionnaire, and CB-SEM was employed to test hypotheses. The results indicate that BDA adoption helps firms move towards digital marketing and improve the firm's performance by effectively analyzing information, predicting behavioral model, and enhancing product delivery services. This article concluded that firms with well-developed technological infrastructure were least effected through Covid-19 pandemic. The current study recommends adopting BDA in firms as it helps firms respond to risky scenarios and enhances their resilience during uncertainty. © 2022 IEEE.

6.
2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789264

ABSTRACT

As COVID-19 quickly spread across the globe to reach pandemic levels, companies across every industry had to quickly adapt their business practices to allow employees to connect virtually and work remotely. This addressed new complications in several areas, including contact tracing. This paper reviews an approach that Siemens Energy took to remove the errors and inefficiencies in manually conducting contact tracing by automating the process using an end-to-end case manager app. The app, which provides full transparency, analytics, and support, fully digitizes contact tracing from each employee's mobile device or computer. We discuss the features of the app, how it has been used in the UAE region, and the benefits that the company has realized in automating contact tracing-including faster tracing time, improved accuracy, and greater compliance with UAE COVID requirements. In just a few months' time, the app went from an idea to a fully-developed and widely used application -which is now approved for use in company facilities and business units around the world. © Copyright 2021, Society of Petroleum Engineers

7.
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry ; 36(SUPPL 1):S150-S151, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1767686

ABSTRACT

Objectives : This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and biochemical characteristics in COVID-19 affected healthcare workers admitted to NIMS Intensive care unit (ICU) including survivors and non-survivors to identify risk factors for mortality. Patients and Methods: We did a retrospective study of 78 healthcare workers with PCRconfirmed COVID-19 infection admitted in ICU between July and November, 2020. Patients were classified as survivor group and non-survivor group based on their outcome. Clinical and biochemical characteristics were compared. Logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of mortality. Results: Out of the 78 patients admitted to ICU, the majority were males (64%). Thirty six had history of DM (46%), 40 (51.3%) had HTN, 13(16.7%) COPD, 14(17.9%) CKD and 11(14%) had CAD. Median ICU stay was 6(2-15) days in survivors and 7(2-25) days in non-survivors. Dyspnea (50 cases) was the most common symptom. The parameters such as lymphocyte and platelet counts, hemoglobin levels, CRP, and liver and kidney function, IL-6, LDH, D-dimer, Procalcitonin, NTproBNP levels were significantly different between the groups. CRP and NTproBNP were significantly associated with mortality (p=0.01) as well as age (p=0.002) and CAD (p=0.004). Conclusion: Patients with lower lymphocyte counts and serum albumin, and high CRP, NTproBNP and also patients of older age with comorbidities (CAD) had high mortality. So, these factors should be given more attention in risk management in the progression of COVID-19 disease in ICU patients.

8.
European Journal of General Dentistry ; 11(1):51-57, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1764239

ABSTRACT

Objectives The perceptions maintained by the teaching profession have a plausible influence on the effectiveness of online teaching practices, but they have not been well comprehended in many institutions in Pakistan. This study is the first to demonstrate how different academic disciplines address the challenges and opportunities regarding online teaching during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and whether there exists a strong correlation between respondents' attitudes and their field of discipline. Materials and Methods A multi-centric cross-sectional survey was conducted online, and data gathered from the online survey were analyzed using SPSS version 16, demographic and categorical data were analyzed in frequencies and percentages. A relationship between the attitudes of teachers with their areas of discipline and a difference in response between genders and age groups were analyzed using a chi-square test. Results The findings of our study provide valuable understandings that most of the higher education faculty felt positively (64.1%) regarding the online mode of teaching. However, their perceived attitudes have a significant influence on the nature of their academic discipline. Conclusion These findings provide relevant suggestions to the core aspects of the use of the e-learning system during the COVID-19 pandemic to foster positive teaching experiences. The administrations and institutions can use it to identify the e-learning constraints within multiple fields of profession and help instructors generate quality materials that will reshape the framework of online education and preserve the practice of blended teaching even after the pandemic. © 2022 Mary Ann Liebert Inc.. All rights reserved.

9.
Frontiers in Communication ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1753362

ABSTRACT

This paper addresses the impulse to render systemic food systems issues into stories in light of ongoing challenges such as food scares, food fraud, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Such stories about food systems are seen as embodying the ideal of supply chain transparency currently in vogue and regarded as key to solving food system inequities by shedding light on them. Read in the context of documentary cinematic unveilings of unethical production practices, transparency initiatives of various types, particularly those dependent on the real-time, crypto-ensured storytelling of blockchain and digital twinning technology, would seem to provide a new model of indexicality, a new contract with social reality. However, such tracing systems and the questions they raise instead describe the way in which food—and the land, people and animals who are involved in its production—becomes fodder for various power plays. Copyright © 2022 Khan.

10.
International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management ; 52(2):105-108, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1746145
11.
2021 Ethics and Explainability for Responsible Data Science Conference, EE-RDS 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1741177

ABSTRACT

The focus of this study is to evaluate and examine a set of deep learning transfer learning techniques applied to chest radiograph images for the classification of COVID-19, normal (healthy), and pneumonia. In this work, we have used four transfer learning models, VGG16, InceptionV3, ResNet50, and DenseNet121 for the classification tasks. Our results indicate that the VGG16 method outperforms comparative classification models in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The VGG16 model detects and classifies COVID-19, normal (healthy), and pneumonia with 94% test accuracy, 94% sensitivity, and 94.20% specificity. Code is publically available at: https://github.com/ayyaz-azeem/Covid19challenge.git © 2021 IEEE.

12.
MEDLINE;
Preprint in English | MEDLINE | ID: ppcovidwho-326683

ABSTRACT

Multi-specific and long-lasting T cell immunity have been recognized as indicators for long term protection against pathogens including the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Functional significance of peripheral memory T cells in individuals recovering from COVID-19 (COVID-19 + ) are beginning to be appreciated;but little is known about lung resident memory T cells (lung TRM) in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we utilize a perfused three dimensional (3D) human lung tissue model and identify pre-existing local T cell immunity against SARS-CoV-2 proteins in lung tissues. We report ex vivo maintenance of functional multi-specific IFN-gamma secreting lung TRM in COVID-19 + and their induction in lung tissues of vaccinated COVID-19 + . Importantly, we identify SARS-CoV-2 peptide-responding B cells and IgA + plasma cells in lung tissues of COVID-19 + in ex vivo 3D-tissue models. Our study highlights the importance of balanced and local anti-viral immune response in the lung with persistent induction of TRM and IgA + plasma cells for future protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Further, our data suggest that inclusion of multiple viral antigens in vaccine approaches may broaden the functional profile of memory T cells to combat the severity of coronavirus infection.

13.
Journal of Content, Community and Communication ; 14(8):159-175, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1675614

ABSTRACT

The quick adoption of digital platforms in the education sector will always give credit to covid-19. The imposition of lock downs and closure of border as remedial measures forced educational institutes to shift to online platforms for their routine teaching and learning activities. The higher education institutes (HEIs) were found to be more dynamic, as they utilised their online presence in interacting with external members by way of other online activities predominantly webinars. The researchers suggest that online learning will remain to be a vital part of higher education and is going to stay along with other online activities like webinar as it is flexible, accessible, and convenient for the larger section of the students. This study examines the MS team's platform from the learner's perspective through technology acceptance model. The 320 responses were gathered from the participants of 22 countries who participated in one-week international webinar organised by two leading HEIs in Oman an online feedback form was analysed through PLS-SEM in SmartPLS 3.3.3. The study aimed to test the degree to which the participants were able to accept MS teams, a popular online learning platform in Oman, as a suitable webinar platform. The results indicate that MS teams is found to be a sufficiently good platform to conduct webinars however, it lags in terms of ease of use or user-friendliness. The study also confirms that attitude towards e-learning influences behavioural intention that subsequently influences the actual use of the platform. © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

14.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(1):63-66, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1668113

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess dentists' COVID-19 anxiety and obsession following vaccination and their impressions of the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study performed in July 2021. Two previously validated, standardized, self-reported scales were used: the COVID-19 anxiety scale (CAS) and the Obsession with COVID-19 scale (OCS).COVID-19 scales. The survey form was circulated through the convenience snowball technique. Data were analyzed with the help of SPSS-21. Independent sample T-Test and ANOVA were executed. Results: Data of 124 dentists were analyzed. Mean anxiety and obsession score was recorded as 5.29±4.238 and 1.87±3.34, respectively. 83.06% (n=103) of the dentists agree that the vaccine's anxiety has been reduced. Female dentists showed significantly higher anxiety (t= -2.606, P=0.011) and obsession scores (t=-3.309, P=0.02). Dysfunctional anxiety was found in 21.77% of the dentists, and obsession was observed in 9.67%. Conclusion: The majority of dentists stated that COVID-19 vaccination had lessened their anxiety related to COVID-19, and Coronavirus vaccination has greatly reduced dysfunctional anxiety and obsession.

15.
Transnational Marketing Journal ; 9(3):607-624, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1626279

ABSTRACT

Online Banking has received a boost during Covid 19. It is believed that the cultured sector of the population has quickly adopted online banking since the outbreak of the virus. Online banking not only provides a platform for performing financial transactions but also acts as a medium of communication between the bank and the customer. Unlike rest of the world, perception of online banking came slightly late in the Kingdom of Bhutan, which already had a good network of banking access points for its populace, enabling the physical banking. However, due to lockdown observed in the aftermath of Covid-19, the online banking has established development in the country. In the present study, the researchers have confidence in that if the customer satisfaction can be ensured amongst the existing users of the online banking, then they will become dependable to such platform and would continue even in the post Covid-19 time. This study is imperative as the banking system of Bhutan has spent a significant number of resources in obtaining and implementing the online banking system, and sustainability of the system will be a point of concern for the decision makers. This study is conducted to 306 students of Gedu College of Business Studies (believed as the only government college for business studies in Bhutan), these students are vital from the future point of view. As many of these students will continue to be part of the mainstream banking system in the future and would be a target market furthermost of the banks in the Kingdom. The data were analytically processed through ‘SmartPLS' version 3.3.2. This research was directed by a conceptual model which is Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and ‘SERVQUAL' Model essentially to highlight the relationship between online banking and customer satisfaction and loyalty. This research showed factors affecting customers satisfaction in online banking and how the Technology Acceptance Model extends requirements to be adjusted in the online banking industry to maintain its applicability. The results showed that e-service quality served as the key aimed at achieving satisfaction and loyalty successfully. And for Bhutan the assurance of e-service quality will resolve the future to online banking. © 2021. Transnational Press London. All Rights Reserved.

16.
ATNA Journal of Tourism Studies ; 16(1):109-129, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1604170

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has cracked the fragile mold of what was decided as the norm and has pushed countries to resort to various ways for survival. Tourism, a mechanism proven to bridge gaps between cultures, was worst affected on a global level, and the only flotation device utilized was policies. Yet, for states with different political ideologies, how have they responded in reality? Which ideology has become a tool to design the policy to address the tourism crisis caused by the pandemic? This has remained an unexplored field of research. Therefore, to address these questions, there is a need to look at the policies initiated by selected countries representing varied political spectrums to analyse the pragmatically working ideology during/after the pandemic. Therefore, this study aims to observe the complexities of crisis management and the shift of ideology between the usual state of government to the adoption of a foreign, even opposing ideology to rebuild after an unprecedented catastrophe. Hence, to enunciate its shift, the methodology divided its countries into ideologies based on liberal, socialist, and conservative categories and selects two countries, each of which is contributing a major portion of GDP share to the tourism industry. The study has adopted the ideological approach to examine the select policies formulated by the respective countries to revive their tourism industry, such as what are the bail-out programs, financial aids, etc. The present study relied on a meta-analysis approach to identify, summarize, and analyze how the selected countries adopted different models to identify and define policy problems. Based on the findings of the meta-analysis, the study established that countries adopted ideologies that pragmatically worked and rejected ideologies that are inherently adopted as the state's governing principle.

17.
International Journal of Logistics Management ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1570187

ABSTRACT

Purpose: At the end of 2019, the first case of the Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan city of China. The disease was declared a pandemic without imagining the magnitude of damage currently caused in all branches of the economy. One of the most affected sectors was food and mostly perishable food (PF), which are more susceptible to environmental conditions. Thus, the research examines the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on Ecuador's perishable food supply chains (PFSCs) during the pandemic. It contributes to new results on the special issue (SI) PFSC response to event risk and uncertainty, such as those that generated the pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: The data used are from primary information sources, which were collected through a questionnaire. The questionnaire was applied to 298 companies belonging to the sector, and later the information was processed through partial least squares structural equation model. The convergent validity, discriminate and robustness tests provide arguments for the suitability of the model. Therefore, the findings are reliable and valid for the adequate measures to improve the PFSC due to a COVID-19 outbreak. Findings: The results show that the perception of personal risk (PPR) produced by COVID-19 has caused the companies of the PFSC to adopt preventive policies (PO) to avoid contagion and guarantee the operation of the companies. In addition, the PPR has been responsible for the alterations in the demand and price (DP) of PF. Next, PO and DP have a significant effect on PFSC, which shows the evidence favouring the malfunction of PFSC operations due to anti-contagion PO, the mismatch of DP. On the contrary, circular economy practices contribute to the excellent performance of the PFSC. Finally, the research suggests some policy implications to consider in improving the PFSC. Originality/value: This study is the first to be carried out in Ecuador's country on the PFSC;its contribution is unprecedented and makes it a road-map to be considered to guarantee the correct functioning of the PFSCs, and it will provide policymakers with valid elements to design efficient PFSCs that better respond to unforeseen events and uncertainties. Future research will focus on analysing the management of PF consumption in Ecuador during the pandemic. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

18.
PUBMED; 2021.
Preprint in English | PUBMED | ID: ppcovidwho-292938

ABSTRACT

Multi-specific and long-lasting T cell immunity have been recognized as indicators for long term protection against pathogens including the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Functional significance of peripheral memory T cell subsets in COVID-19 convalescents (CONV) are beginning to be appreciated;but little is known about lung resident memory T cell (lung TRM) responses and their role in limiting the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we utilize a perfusion three dimensional (3D) human lung tissue model and identify pre-existing local T cell immunity against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and structural antigens in the lung tissues. We report ex vivo maintenance of functional multi-specific IFN-gamma secreting lung TRM in CONV and their induction in lung tissues of vaccinated CONV. Importantly, we identify SARS-CoV-2 spike peptide-responding B cells in lung tissues of CONV in ex vivo 3D-tissue models. Our study highlights a balanced and local anti-viral immune response in the lung and persistent induction of TRM cells as an essential component for future protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Further, our data suggest that inclusion of multiple viral antigens in vaccine approaches may broaden the functional profile of memory T cells to combat the severity of coronavirus infection.

19.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 583, 2021 Nov 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1523304

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pharmacy practice education requires the development of proficiencies and an understanding of clinical microbiology. Learning in this area could be delivered using practical laboratory exercises, or potentially, simulation-based education. Simulation has previously successfully enhanced learning in health professional education. The current global climate due to COVID-19 has further highlighted the important role of technology-enhanced learning in delivering outcomes that meet the requisite learning objectives of a course. The aim of the present study was to compare the impact of a commercially available virtual microbiology simulation (VUMIE™) with a traditional wet laboratory (wetlab) on learner knowledge, skills and confidence in a second-year integrated pharmacotherapeutics course for Bachelor of Pharmacy students. METHODS: A randomised, crossover study was employed to determine whether the simulation intervention (VUMIE™) improves learning outcomes (knowledge, skills and confidence) of pharmacy students, when compared to a traditional wetlab intervention. Each student completed three 1-2 h length sessions, for both the wetlab and VUMIE™ interventions (6 sessions total). Data was collected using surveys deployed at baseline (pre-interventions), post-intervention 1 or 2 (VUMIE™ or wetlab) and endpoint (post-interventions 1 and 2). Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS Statistics 25 and Instat™ software. RESULTS: Response rates were approximately 50% at initial survey and approximately 25% at endpoint survey. VUMIE™ produced higher post-intervention knowledge scores for the multiple-choice questions compared to the wetlab, however, the highest score was achieved at endpoint. Both interventions produced statistically significant differences for mean scores compared to baseline (pre-VUMIE™ and wetlab) across the domains of knowledge, skills and confidence. VUMIE™ produced higher post-intervention mean scores for knowledge, skills and confidence compared to post-intervention mean scores for the wetlab, however there was no statistical significance between the mean score for the two interventions, thus the VUMIE™ activity produced learning outcomes comparable to the wetlab activity. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest VUMIE™ provides similar effects on students' knowledge, skills, and confidence as a wetlab. The simulation's implementation was not cost-prohibitive, provided students with a physically and psychologically safe learning environment, and the benefit of being able to repeat activities, supporting deliberate practice.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Pharmacy , Pharmacy , Students, Pharmacy , Cross-Over Studies , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Journal of Ayub Medical College ; 33(3):507-512, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1490015

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease-19 has a wide range of clinical presentations and varied outcomes. It is a new disease and researchers are trying to explore its clinical presentation and outcome to know more about the course of the disease. The objective of the present study was to determine the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Coronavirus disease-19 associated with severity of the disease.

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