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Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(5):562-572, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1551950

ABSTRACT

After the vaccination campaign initiation in Europe and the UK, reports of rare cases of atypical thrombosis, including sinus vein thrombosis and splanchnic venous thrombosis, began to appear in association with the use of AstraZeneca (ChAdOx1) and J&J/Janssen adenovirus vector vaccines. The syndrome called VITT (vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia) is manifested as thrombosis simultaneously with decreased platelet count, significantly increased D-dimer levels and detected anti-factor 4 platelet (PF4) antibodies. We present a detailed review on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnostics and treatment of VITT, which by its nature is an immune complication similar to the processes occurring in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). All international and national organizations and regulatory authorities, including experts in the field of thrombosis and hemostasis and the VITT expert council recommend continuing the prompt mass vaccination against COVID-19 as the only method able to reduce the incidence of severe cases, stop the spread of COVID-19 infection and emergence of new dangerous mutations in the viral genome. Failure to vaccinate poses an incomparably greater risk of fatal thrombotic and inflammatory complications associated with infections, compared with the risks of extremely rare adverse events that can occur after vaccination. It should be noted that information on VITT, described as a sporadic phenomenon of abnormal immune response to some variants of vaccines against COVID-19, cannot be translated to other vaccines (including those registered in the Russian Federation) and, moreover, cannot be a reason to refuse their administration. © 2021 Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. All rights reserved.

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