Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 171
Filter
1.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; 52(4):464-475, 2022.
Article in Korean | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040074

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the mediating effects of depression amid the influence of fear and social distancing arising from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Korean women's suicidal ideation. METHODS: A descriptive correlation study was conducted. Study participants, recruited by Hankook Research from March 2 to March 5, 2021, included 300 women aged 19 to 49 living in South Korea, and 100 people were randomly allocated and enlisted for each age group out of 700,000 Hankook Research Panels recruited in advance from 17 cities and provinces nationwide. Data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire and analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Hayes' Process Macro Model 4 with 95% bias-corrected bootstrap confidence interval via SPSS statistics 27.0. RESULTS: Suicidal ideation was significantly correlated with fear of COVID-19 (r = .16, p = .006) and depression (r = .65, p < .001). The mediation effect of depression in the relationship between the fear of COVID-19 and suicidal ideation was found to be significant (B = 0.40, boot 95% CI: 0.21~0.61). However, social distancing did not significantly affect suicidal ideation via depression (B = -0.79, boot 95% CI: -1.94~0.26). CONCLUSION: It is necessary to develop and apply interventions to prevent depression and suicidal behaviors by continuously observing and reducing the negative psychological responses caused by COVID-19.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; 37(36):e272, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039653

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore clinical correlates of fear of progression (FoP) among patients with cancer during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and examine the mediation effect of cancer-related dysfunctional beliefs about sleep (C-DBS). METHODS: Medical charts of patients with cancer who visited a psycho-oncology clinic between July and November 2021 were reviewed. Baseline socio-demographic and cancer-related variables were collected. Patients' self-report questionnaires, regarding FoP, depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items;PHQ-9), viral anxiety (Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemics-6 items;SAVE-6), C-DBS, and other distress, were investigated. Pearson's correlation and linear regression were performed to examine the risk factors of FoP. Mediation effect analysis with the bootstrap method with 2,000 resamples was implemented. RESULTS: A total of 231 patients were included in the analysis. Linear regression revealed that FoP was predicted by age (beta = -0.14, P = 0.003), PHQ-9 (beta = 0.48, P < 0.001), SAVE-6 (beta = 0.34, P < 0.001), and C-DBS (beta = 0.15, P = 0.005). FoP was directly influenced by SAVE-6 and mediated by C-DBS, while it was directly influenced by PHQ-9 with no mediation effect. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the FoP of patients with cancer was associated with younger age, depression, viral anxiety, and C-DBS. Depression and viral anxiety directly influenced FoP, while C-DBS mediated the association between viral anxiety and FoP. Therefore, oncology healthcare professionals are recommended to assess C-DBS of their patients when they are highly distressed from FoP.

3.
JMIR Research Protocols ; 21:21, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039604

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Approximately every 36 seconds someone in the United States dies of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It has emerged as an important contributor to morbidity among persons with HIV. Black and Latinx sexual minority men are at higher risk of both HIV and CVD when compared to heterosexual, non-ethnic/minority men. Persons with HIV have a 1.5-to-2-time risk of CVD than HIV-negative persons. Data suggests that by the year 2030, an estimated 78% of persons with HIV will have cardiovascular disease. The relationship between HIV and CVD, in marginalized populations, is not well understood because overall awareness of HIV and CVD, as comorbid conditions, is low, which further heightens risk. This has created a critically pressing issue affecting underrepresented ethnic and racial populations with HIV and requires immediate efforts to mitigate risk. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this formative, mixed methods study is to use a community-engaged approach to map a behavioral intervention for cardiovascular disease prevention in Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV in New York City. METHODS: Literature reviews focused on behavioral prevention studies using intervention mapping. In Aim 1, we will use qualitative interviews with HIV program managers and community members to understand facilitators and barriers to CVD prevention, chronic illnesses of concern, and early design elements needed for a web-based CVD prevention intervention. In Aim 2, we will conduct qualitative interviews and administer cross-sectional validated surveys with 30 Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV. We will assess illness perceptions of chronic conditions, such as HIV, hypertension, and diabetes. A total of 40 participants (program managers and community members) for Aims 1 and 2 will be enrolled to participate. To develop the protocol, we will follow steps 1 through 3 (needs assessment, change objectives, implementation strategy) of intervention mapping, using mixed methods. RESULTS: The study was approved by New York University Institutional Review Board in February 2021 (IRB-FY2021-4772) and also by the Yale University Institutional Review Board in June 2022 (2000031577). Data collection is ongoing. We anticipate completing data collection on or before December 2022. Early analyses suggested concerns about illnesses outside of HIV and associate comorbid conditions, such as COVID-19 and Monkeypox. Additionally, we noted a strong interest in using a web-based platform for CVD prevention education. CONCLUSIONS: Web-based, behavioral, CVD prevention interventions may be promising modalities to closing the cardiovascular health disparities gap in Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV by extending the reach of prevention interventions using community informed approaches and technological modalities that have been underutilized in this population. Clinicaltrial:

4.
Science Advances ; 8(38):eabq4022, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038225

ABSTRACT

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) has an inherently low background and enables precise chemical reactions through electrical control. Here, we report an advanced ECL system, termed ECLipse (ECL in paired signal electrode). We physically separated ECL generation from target detection: These two processes were carried out in isolated chambers and coupled through an electrode. The strategy allowed us to minimize cross-chemical reactions, design electrodes for high ECL signals, and integrate multiple sensors in a chip. As a proof of concept, we implemented an eight-plex ECLipse and applied it to detect host factors in human plasma. ECLipse achieved higher signal-to-noise ratio than conventional ECL assays and was >7000-fold more sensitive than enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In a pilot clinical study, we could detect septic conditions by measuring host factors [i.e., interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-6, and procalcitonin (PCT)]. ECLipse assay further revealed distinct IL-3 and IL-6 patterns in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.

5.
Tourism Management Perspectives ; 43(146), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2036582

ABSTRACT

This study aims to conceptualize the notion of event technology by examining past and current trends in the event technology industry. Based on social representation and agenda-setting theories, this study analyzed approximately 390,000 posts related to event technology on Twitter and Instagram. For an in-depth examination, the authors performed multilateral big data analytics: descriptive, comparative, sentiment, and content analysis. The results revealed that product life cycles are clearly discernible in the event technology industry and that the COVID-19 pandemic has provided an opportunity for rejuvenation. The findings also suggest that event technology is the dominant terminology over meeting technology and Twitter is the preferred platform for discussing event technology-related agenda. This study examines the previously unvisited topic of technology usage in the MICE industry and provides academic and practical implications to prepare for the upcoming MICE 5.0 era.

6.
Nanotheranostics for Treatment and Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases ; : 319-352, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2035586

ABSTRACT

Carbon-based inorganic nanomaterials (CINMs) which include carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene quantum dots (GQDs), graphene (G), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), and mesoporous carbon nanoparticles (MCNPs) have gained significant interest in biomedical application. The unique geometries (i.e., dimensions: 0D, 1D, 2D, 3D), chemical functionality/surface chemistry, and tunable physical properties of the CINMs make more interesting materials for theranostic applications. These properties of CINMs endowed their use in the delivery of therapeutics (drug/gene/biomolecules) for therapy and diagnostics (imaging/tracking) as an agent for cells and tissue imaging. In this chapter, we will highlight the recent advancement of CINMs and their tunable structure for various drug delivery and optical properties for imaging cells and tissues using different imaging modalities. Furthermore, we will summarize the CINMs role and promising applications for theranostic applications in infectious diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), influenza (H1N1), Ebola virus disease (EVD), Middle East respiratory syndrome virus (MERS), severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and other infectious diseases and also discuss the future perspectives to find the desirable platforms. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

7.
Frontiers in Oncology ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032813

ABSTRACT

Background: Castleman disease (CD), classified as unicentric CD (UCD) or multicentric CD (MCD), is a rare non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown origin. Owing to its rarity, the clinical characteristics, therapeutic modalities, treatment outcomes, and prognostic factors related to UCD or MCD are not well defined. Method: We retrospectively analyzed 88 patients with CD, including those with hyaline-vascular, plasma-cell, mixed type, hypervascular, and plasmablastic subtypes, for presenting symptoms, physical, laboratory, and radiologic findings, and treatment response in the Korean population. Results: The median patient age was 44 years (range: 18–84 years) with slight predominance of women (53.4%). UCD and MCD accounted for 38.6% (n=34) and 61.4% (n=54) of cases, respectively. Histopathologically, UCD patients were classified as 88.2% (n=30) hyaline-vascular and 11.8% (n=4) plasma cell types, whereas MCD patients were classified as 27.8% (n=15) hypervascular, 61.1% (n=33) plasma cell, 7.4% (n=4) mixed, and 3.7% (n=2) plasmablastic types. Twelve (13.6%) patients exhibited a poor performance status with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of 2. The most common presenting symptom was sustained fever, followed by fatigue, anorexia, peripheral edema, and weight loss. Furthermore, splenomegaly, pleural effusion, and ascites were observed to be associated with CD. Surgical resection and siltuximab were the preferred treatment modalities for UCD and MCD, respectively, with favorable symptomatic, laboratory, and radiologic outcomes and safety profiles. The overall survival was 90.2%, with no significant difference between the UCD and MCD groups (p=0.073), but progression-free survival was significantly poorer in the MCD group (p=0.001). Age ≥60 years and splenomegaly significantly affected the overall and progression-free survival rates. Conclusion: Patients with UCD had favorable outcomes with surgical resection of a solitary mass, whereas in patients with MCD, old age and splenomegaly were identified as independent prognostic factors. Further well-designed prospective studies under advancing knowledge of the pathophysiology of MCD are warranted to establish suitable guidelines for the discontinuation or prolonging infusion intervals of siltuximab and treatment modalities for HHV-8 positive MCD patients or patients with siltuximab failure.

8.
Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology ; 4, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032042

ABSTRACT

Background: Given the social distancing measures employed to reduce the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, tele-health has rapidly expanded and is now routinely used in new patient encounters and in follow up appointments across Canada. Aims: To determine the patient and physician perspective towards tele-health in a gastroenterology outpatient setting. Methods: An anonymous voluntary online survey was distributed to patients who had previously undergone at least one tele-health visit in a tertiary care gastroenterology outpatient setting. A separate online survey was distributed to gastroenterologists practising across Canada. Results: A total of 181 patients from British Columbia (59.8% female) completed the survey. The tele-health appointment was the first visit for 21.8% of patients. Appointments occurred by phone call alone (61.4%) or by video and audio software (38.6%) and started within 5 minutes of the scheduled time in 75% of visits. Patient satisfaction with the tele-health visit was high (8.54 on a scale of 0-10;0 completely dissatisfied, 10 extremely satisfied;IQR 8-10). Most patients did not perceive a difference in likelihood of compliance compared to a non-tele-health visit (90.6%), were not concerned about the lack of physical exam during a tele-health visit (82.4%) and did not with-hold information they would have revealed in person (88.7%). After the COVID-19 pandemic, some patients would prefer tele-heath visits (39.2%), whereas others would prefer in office visits (28.5%) and the remainder were indifferent (32.3%). Post-pandemic, most patients would prefer tele-health for follow up visits (68.4%), over tele-health for all possible visits (27.9%) or no tele-health visits (3.8%). A total of 25 Canadian gastroenterologists (28.0% female;60% academic practice, 40% community practice) completed a separate survey. Regarding the lack of physical exam in tele-health, 44% of physicians believed this did not affect the quality of their assessment, whereas some physicians believed it had either minimally (48%) or greatly (8%) impaired the quality of their assessment. Almost all physicians (96%) perceived that patients either appreciate tele-health as much as or more than in office visits. Post-pandemic, most physicians (96%) supported a hybrid model of both tele-health and in office visits. Appointments for follow up of benign endoscopic pathology results (96%), follow up visits (92%), consultations prior to endoscopy (76%) were deemed to be most appropriate for tele-health. Follow up of malignant pathology results (24%) and consultations for new patients (32%) were thought to be less appropriate for tele-health visits. Conclusions: Patient and physician satisfaction with tele-health in a Canadian outpatient gastroenterology setting is high. Most patients and physicians wish for telehealth to remain available in the post-pandemic setting.

9.
Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology ; 4, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032038

ABSTRACT

Background: With the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand and availability of telehealth in outpatient care has increased. Although use of telehealth has been studied and validated for various medical specialties, relatively few studies have looked at its role in gastroenterology despite burden of chronic diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aims: To assess effectiveness of telehealth medicine in gastroenterology by comparing medication adherence rate for patients seen with telehealth and traditional in-person appointment for various GI conditions. Methods: Retrospective chart analysis of patients seen in outpatient gastroenterology clinic was performed to identify patients who were given prescription to fill either through telehealth or in-person appointment. By using provincial pharmacy database, we determined the prescription fill rate. Results: A total of 241 patients were identified who were provided prescriptions during visit with their gastroenterologists. 128 patients were seen through in-person visit during pre-pandemic period. 113 patients were seen through telehealth appointment during COVID pandemic. The mean age of patients in telehealth cohort was 42 years (57% male). On average patients had 10 prior visits with their gastroenterologists before index appointment, used for adherence assessment. 92% of patients were seen in follow-up, while 8% were seen in initial consultation. The majority of the patients in the telehealth cohort had IBD (89%), while the remaining 11% had various diagnoses, including functional GI disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease, viral hepatitis, or hepatobiliary disorders. Biologic therapy was the most commonly prescribed medication (66.4%). 45 patients were provided either new medication or dose change, and 68 patients had prescription refill to continue their current medications. It took a mean of 18 days (SD = 16.2) for patients to fill their prescriptions. Prescription fill rate for patients seen through telehealth and in-person visit were 98.2% and 89.1% (P = 0.004) respectively. Patients seen through telehealth were 6.8 times more likely to fill their prescriptions compared to the in-person counterparts (OR 6.82, CI 1.51 - 30.68, P = 0.004). When we compared adherence rate while excluding biologic therapies, the prescription fill rate was 94.7% in telehealth group and 81.4% in in-person group (OR 4.11, CI 0.88 - 19.27, P = 0.056). Due to high level of adherence, statistical analysis comparing adherent and non-adherent groups was performed but yielded insignificant results. Conclusions: Medication adherence rate for patients seen through telehealth was higher compared to patients seen through in-patient visit in this study. Telehealth is a viable alternative for outpatient care especially for patients with chronic GI conditions such as IBD.

10.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology ; 17(9):S173-S174, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031509

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Following assessment of the effectiveness and feasibility based on the results from a two-year population-based nationwide prospective multi-center trial, the Korean government implemented a national lung cancer screening program using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for high-risk smokers in 2019. Methods: National Health Insurance Corporation selected high risk targets who are current smokers aged 54 to 74 years with 30 packs per year or more smoking history on the basis of national health-screening database. (Figure 1). Those eligible were offered lung cancer screening by invitation letters in every two years. Screening units provide LDCT using radiation less than 3mGy by at least 16-row multi-detector CT scanners. Screening results were reported by Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System (Lung-RADS). The examinee received results by mail or e-mail;after then, counseling on results and mandatory smoking cessation counselling were provided by certified doctors. National Cancer Center monitored participation rates, post-counseling rates and statistics of screening result for quality control. Screening positive rate is defined as proportion of Lung-RADS category 3 and 4 nodules. Results: The participation rate gradually increased from 24.8% among 332,244 eligible targets in 2019, 25.9% in 2020, to 38.7% among 310,260 targets in 2021, however, the proportion of examinees who participated in post-counseling decreased from 46.3% in 2019 to 32.7% in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic (Figure 2). The positive rates slightly decreased from 9.2% in 2019 to 8.7% in 2021. The variation in positive rates of screening units showed a tendency to decrease (in 2019, the 1st quartile was 4.3%, and the 3rd quartile was 12.9%;and in 2021, 5.2% and 12.5% respectively). Conclusions: National lung cancer screening program has been implemented successfully in Korea with controlling screening positive rates not so high. Controlling false negatives and strengthening post-screening management including smoking cessation counselling needs to improve. [Formula presented] [Formula presented] Keywords: National Lung Cancer Screening, Quality control

11.
J Affect Disord ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2031408

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, Korean workers have reported various types of sickness presenteeism (SP: continuing to attend work during illness). Understanding SP through mental health perspectives will help to make practical strategy for better working conditions. We examined the association between SP and depression among Korean workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in relation with the socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. METHODS: Data from the 2020 Korean Community Health Survey were used as a representative nationwide sample dataset. We surveyed the experience of depression in the last two weeks from individuals who worked more than a week recently. We investigated the associations between SP and depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were scored using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the significance of the associations. RESULTS: Analysis of the data obtained from 84,514 participants revealed that 1700 (2.2%) participants reported experiencing depressive symptoms in 2020. Employees with SP showed higher association with depressive symptoms than employers or self-employed individuals (OR=2.18, 95% CI: 1.85, 2.56 among employees vs. OR=1.76, 95% CI: 1.29, 2.40 among employers or self-employed individuals). CONCLUSION: SP has become more prominent during the COVID-19 pandemic. A protective strategy against SP among vulnerable workers is necessary for a healthier and safer society.

12.
Anim Biosci ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2030269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the influence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection on pregnancy in cytokeratin-18 (K18)-hACE2 transgenic mice. METHODS: To determine the expression of hACE2 mRNA in the female reproductive tract of K18-hACE2 mice, RT-PCR was performed using the ovary, oviduct, uterus, umbilical cord, and placenta. SARS-CoV-2 was inoculated intranasally (30 μl/mouse, 1×104 TCID50/ml) to plug-checked K18-hACE2 homozygous female mice at the pre-and post-implantation stages at 2.5 days post-coitum (dpc) and 15.5 dpc, respectively. The number of implantation sites was checked at 7.5 dpc, and the number of normally born pups was investigated at 20.5 dpc. Pregnancy outcomes, including implantation and childbirth, were confirmed by comparison with the non-infected group. Tissues of infected mice were collected at 7.5 dpc and 19.5 dpc to confirm the SARS-CoV-2 infection. The infection was identified by performing RT-PCR on the infected tissues and comparing them to the non-infected tissues. RESULTS: hACE2 mRNA expression was confirmed in the female reproductive tract of the K18-hACE2 mice. Compared to the non-infected group, no significant difference in the number of implantation sites or normally born pups was found in the infected group. SARS-CoV-2 infection was detected in the lungs but not in the female reproductive system of infected K18-hACE2 mice. CONCLUSION: In K18-hACE2 mice, intranasal infection with SARS-CoV-2 did not induce implantation failure, preterm labor, or miscarriage. Although the viral infection was not detected in the uterus, placenta, or fetus, the infection of the lungs could induce problems in the reproductive system. However, lung infections were not related to pregnancy outcomes.

13.
Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea ; 38(7):139-150, 2022.
Article in Korean | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030267

ABSTRACT

The long-term pandemic caused by COVID-19 has changed many aspects of the work environment. Companies stalled to seriously consider telework and many have actually adopted it as an alternative way to work, hi fact 73.9% of overseas architect firms are using the telework while domestic architect firms shows no signs of introducing it yet. Various causes are suggested as to why the telework is not yet implemented in architectural practice even with the necessity of introduction, they are only unverified speculations and in order to understand the causes and solve the problems, a sophisticated analysis of the cause is required, hi addition, telework is not just a temporary option in pandemic situation but it needs to be established as another type of work in arcliitectiiral industiy in preparation for similar situation that may occur in the future. Therefore, this study aims to derive the impediments recognized by architect in introducing telework into domestic architect offices, and based on the results of the analysis from the derived factors, it was attempted to find a way to activate telework. Through the literature review, it is conformed that the research regarding the telework of architect office was insufficient and for this reason, telework consideration factors were derived from related studies targeting general companies. The questionnaire was prepared in consideration of the derived factors and the characteristics of the design work, and it was conducted at a time when the government's social distancing guidelines and telework recommendations were made. The study was conducted using the responses of 103 persons working in architect offices of the metropolitan area. As a result, it was confirmed that the cause of hindrace for teleworking perceived by the workers in the architect office was due to the specific characteristics of the design work, and it was confimed that the communication of visual information was the biggest hindrance factor ill the design work, hi addition, as a result of ANOVA on the questionnaire results, it was confirmed that there was a difference in the perceptions of architects about telework, and the main difference came from the work position and project experience. Afterwards. through factor analysis, specific directions were presented for three aspects: communication of design work when working from home, support within the organization, and establishment of IT infrastructure as a way to revitalize it. © 2022 Architectural Institute of Korea

15.
Genes & Genomics ; 15:15, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2027707

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 are recognized as hallmarks of severe COVID-19 and are primarily produced in myeloid cells, such as monocytes and neutrophils. As single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data from patients with COVID-19 revealed the expression of S100A8/A9 in lymphoid cells in patients with severe COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the characteristics of lymphoid cells expressing S100A8/A9 in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Publicly available scRNA-seq data from patients with mild (N = 12) or severe (N = 7) COVID-19 were reanalyzed. The data were further divided into the following two groups based on the time of sample collection (from infection-onset): within 6 days (early phase) and after 6 days (late phase). Differential expression and gene set enrichment analyses were performed between S100A8/A9High and S100A8/A9Low lymphoid cells. Finally, cell-cell interaction analysis was performed to investigate the role of lymphoid cells expressing high levels of S100A8/A9 in COVID-19. RESULTS: S100A8/A9 overexpression was observed in lymphoid cells, including B cells, T cells, and NK cells, in patients with severe COVID-19 (compared to patients with mild COVID-19). Cells exhibiting strong interferon/cytokine responses were found to be associated with the severity of COVID-19. Furthermore, differences in S100A8/A9-TLR4/RAGE interactions were confirmed between patients with severe and mild disease. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphoid cells overexpressing S100A8/A9 contribute to the dysregulation of the innate immune response in patients with severe COVID-19, specifically during the early phase of infection. This study fosters a better understanding of the hyper-induction of pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and the generation of a cytokine storm in response to COVID-19 infection.

16.
Computer Systems Science and Engineering ; 44(3):2501-2519, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026579

ABSTRACT

New information and communication technologies (ICT) are being applied in various industries to upgrade the value of the major service items. Moreover, data collection, storage, processing, and security applications have led to the creation of an interrelated ICT environment in which one industry can directly influence the other. This is called the "internet of blended environments" (IoBE), as it is an interrelated data environment based on internet-ofthings collection activities. In this environment, security incidents may increase as size and interconnectivity of attackable operations grow. Consequently, preemptive responses to combined security threats are needed to securely utilize IoBE across industries. For example, the medical industry has more stringent information protection measures than other industries. Consequently, it has become a major target of attackers, as more clinician-patient interactions occur over the internet owing to COVID-19. Therefore, this study aims to acquire security for IoBE while focusing on the medical industry. Among the various types of medical ICT services, this study analyzes data flow and potential security threats from the e-prescription lifecycle perspective, which is highly utilized, strongly data-centric, and has numerous security issues. Based on our analysis, we propose a secure authentication and data-sharing scheme. © 2023 CRL Publishing. All rights reserved.

17.
Clinical & Experimental Emergency Medicine ; 31:31, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2025784

ABSTRACT

Objective: Since onsite education is difficult due to the COVID-19 pandemic, official development assistance (ODA) projects have implemented online training of trainers (ToT) for emergency medical experts and staff. This study aims to share and discuss the ToT experience and its results in Uzbekistan. Methods: We trained emergency medical advanced course instructors through online ToT among emergency medical service experts in Uzbekistan as a part of an ODA project. After the ToT, instructors were selected based on written tests, video monitoring of practice, and simulation performance. They operated the emergency medical course including lectures, practices, and simulations for 5 days. We tested the trainees through written tests before and after the course. They were surveyed regarding the course contents, its relevance, and their satisfaction with the course. Results: Six instructors were selected after the online ToT program. They educated 68 emergency medical workers through the three training courses. The total score of the pretest was 129.2+/-34.8, and the posttest score was 170.8+/-31.2, which was significantly higher (P<0.05). The satisfaction calculated by adding the values of survey items for this curriculum was 28.0 (interquartile range, 26.0-30.0), and there was no statistical difference regarding trainee satisfaction between the three courses (P=0.148). Conclusion: Instructors trained by online ToT programs could provide an in-person emergency medical advanced course.

18.
Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine ; 26:26, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2025233

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: The use of saliva samples for diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection offers several advantages, including ease of sample collection, feasibility of self-collection, and minimization of exposure of medical staff to infection. The emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants has had an impact on the viral load of specimens and the results of real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). OBJECTIVE: To compare nasopharyngeal swab and saliva samples for the diagnosis of SARSCoV-2 using rRT-PCR. DESIGN: In this study, participants were recruited prospectively, and paired nasopharyngeal swab and saliva samples were collected simultaneously from each participant. After adding universal transport medium, RNA was extracted in an identical manner for both sample types, and samples were tested using rRT-PCR. In addition, samples with positive results were tested for SARS-CoV-2 variants. RESULTS: Of the 338 paired samples, 100 nasopharyngeal swab and 101 saliva samples tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. The rRT-PCR results of the saliva and nasopharyngeal swab samples showed a positive percent agreement of 95.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 88.7-98.4%), a negative percent agreement of 97.9% (95% CI: 95.2-99.3%), and an overall percent agreement of 96.8% (95% CI: 94.3-98.4%). SARS-CoV-2 was detected in the saliva samples of 6 participants with negative nasopharyngeal sample results. In addition, the sensitivity of saliva samples was similar to that of nasopharyngeal samples for detecting various variants, including the Omicron variant. CONCLUSIONS: Saliva samples can be used as an alternative to nasopharyngeal samples for convenient and effective detection of various SARS-CoV-2 variants.

19.
Frontiers in Medicine ; 9, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022776

ABSTRACT

Seroconversion rates after COVID-19 vaccination are significantly lower in kidney transplant recipients compared to healthy cohorts. Adaptive immunization strategies are needed to protect these patients from COVID-19. In this prospective observational cohort study, we enrolled 76 kidney transplant recipients with no seroresponse after at least three COVID-19 vaccinations to receive an additional mRNA-1273 vaccination (full dose, 100 mu g). Mycophenolic acid was withdrawn in 43 selected patients 5-7 days prior to vaccination and remained paused for 4 additional weeks after vaccination. SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies and neutralization of the delta and omicron variants were determined using a live-virus assay 4 weeks after vaccination. In patients with temporary mycophenolic acid withdrawal, donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies and donor-derived cell-free DNA were monitored before withdrawal and at follow-up. SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies significantly increased in kidney transplant recipients after additional COVID-19 vaccination. The effect was most pronounced in individuals in whom mycophenolic acid was withdrawn during vaccination. Higher SARS-CoV-2 specific antibody titers were associated with better neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 delta and omicron variants. In patients with short-term withdrawal of mycophenolic acid, graft function and donor-derived cell-free DNA remained stable. No acute rejection episode occurred during short-term follow-up. However, resurgence of prior anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies was detected in 7 patients.

20.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(34):e265, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2022640

ABSTRACT

Post-vaccination myocarditis after administration of the NVX-CoV2373 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine has been reported in a limited population. We report the first biopsy-proven case of myopericarditis after administration of second dose of NVX-CoV2373 COVID-19 vaccine (Novavax®) in Korea. A 30-year-old man was referred to emergency department with complaints of chest pain and mild febrile sense for two days. He received the second dose vaccine 17 days ago. Acute myopericarditis by the vaccination was diagnosed by cardiac endomyocardial biopsy. He was treated with corticosteroid 1 mg/kg/day for 5 days and tapered for one week. He successfully recovered and was discharged on the 12th day of hospitalization. The present case suggests acute myopericarditis as a vaccination complication by Novavax® in Korea.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL