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1.
Klimik Dergisi ; 35(4):224-229, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206332

ABSTRACT

Objective: We evaluated PCR negativity in oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal secretions of COVID-19 patients at the end of hydroxychloroquine and/or favipiravir treatments. Method(s): Study inclusion criteria were being hospitalized, being older than 18 years, PCR positivity in oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal secretions and being tested for SARS CoV-2-RNA PCR after treatment. Initially hydroxychloroquine treatment (group 1) was administered to the patients according to COVID-19 guide of Health Ministry. Favipiravir (group 2) alone or in combination with hydroxychloroquine (group 3) was administered to patients who were unre-sponsive to hydroxychloroquine or had severe pneumonia or were admitted to intensive care unit. Control respiratory specimens were taken no earlier than 24 hours, after the end of therapy. Repeated tests with 24-48-hour intervals were performed in patients with still positive PCR test results. The detection of SARS CoV-2-RNA was made by real-time PCR. Result(s): The study group included 492 patients who received treatment. Mean duration of symptoms was similar among three groups. PCR negativity rate was 52.8% in the specimens taken 24 hours after the end of treatment. PCR negativity rates was 27.9% (200/492) in 48 hours after the end of treatment, %13.8 (123/492) in 72nd hour and %3.8 (80/492) in 96th hour. The ratios of PCR negativity for all specimen days were similar in three groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for time to PCR negativity from the date of positivity and after the end of treatment. We determined that early or late treatment did not make a difference in terms PCR negativity time. Conclusion(s): No difference was found in terms of the ratios of PCR negativity or time for negativity in oropharyngeal and/or nasopharyngeal specimens taken after the end of treatment in COVID-19 patients receiving hydroxychloro-quine and/or favipiravir treatment. Copyright © 2022, DOC Design and Informatics Co. Ltd.. All rights reserved.

2.
Klimik Dergisi ; 35(3):179-185, 2022.
Article in Turkish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2081563

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The probability of detecting viral and atypical agents in pneumonia patients has increased with the molecular methods used in recent years. We aimed to investigate pneumonia pathogens in endotracheal aspiration samples (ETA) of patients with severe community-acquired (CAP), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), and ventilator-asso-ciated pneumonia (VAP) by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (m-PCR) and culture method. Method(s): A prospective study was performed between December 2019 and October 2020. Patients 18 years and older with pneumonia followed in ICU on the mechanical ventilator were included. COVID-19 patients were excluded. Patients were grouped as CAP, HAP, and VAP. Two ETA samples were obtained from patients within 48 hours of the pneumonia diagnosis. Respiratory pathogens were investigated in samples by viral-bacterial m-PCR and bacterial culture methods. Result(s): 74 patients were included in the study. m-PCR of ETA samples achieved pathogen detection in 87.8% of patients compared with 58.1% with culture methods. The most common pathogen detected by m-PCR was Streptococcus pneumoniae in both CAP and HAP patients and Klebsiella spp. in VAP patients. The most common pathogen isolated by culture was Staphylococcus aureus in both CAP and HAP patients and Klebsiella spp. in VAP patients. Atypical pneumonia pathogens were positive for 14.9% of the patients. Atypical pathogens were recovered from 28.5% of CAP patients and 23.1% of HAP patients. Viruses constituted all of the atypical pathogens recovered from HAP patients. No atypical pathogen was found in VAP patients. Conclusion(s): In this study, S. pneumoniae was the most common pathogen detected with m-PCR, and S. aureus and Kleb-siella spp. were the most common pathogens detected with culture. Determination of microbial etiology of lower respiratory tract samples by molecular methods for diagnosing severe CAP and HAP may be beneficial in terms of treatment. Copyright © 2022, DOC Design and Informatics Co. Ltd.. All rights reserved.

4.
Klimik Dergisi ; 33(3):324-326, 2020.
Article in Turkish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1050689

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus intermedius is part of the normal oropharyngeal, genitourinary and gastrointestinal flora, and can cause purulent infections characterized by abscess formation involving the brain and the liver tissue. In this report, multiple pyogenic liver abscesses due to S. intermedius in a 46-year-old male admitted to the emergency department with complaints of fever, cough, and weakness, and hospitalized with a diagnosis of suspected COVID-19 with pneumonia, is presented. The diagnosis was made by isolating the agent from the abscess. After percutaneous abscess drainage and antimicrobial treatment, the patient fully healed.

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