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1.
Adnan Menderes Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi ; 17(1):107-113, 2020.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100858

ABSTRACT

In Ceylanpinar State Farm conditions, 2-3-4-5-6-7 > 537 head of the Awassi sheep flock, by examining the lambing parameters, this study was carried out to determine the number and ratio of single, twin, total and general lambs according to age groups. In this context, the highest, lowest and general average values according to age groups are respectively (head;%, head);2 (age) 122 +or- 1.38;89.71-14 +or- 1.09;10.29, 136 +or- 1.24, 4 (age) 75 +or- 1.39;78.13-21 +or- 1.13;21.87, 96 +or- 1.26 and 448 +or- 1.33;83.43-89 +or- 1.11;16.57, 537 +or- 1.22. When the distribution of the effects of birth type, sex on lamb birth live weight is examined, single male (kg/head), single female (kg/head), total of single lamb (head) and overall average single lamb birth live weight (kg/head) When ordering twin male (kg/head), twin female (kg/head), total twin (head), overall average twin lamb birth live weight(kg/head) maximum, minimum and general respectively;5 (age) 5.3 +or- 1.28, 4.9 +or- 1.22-61 +or- 1.41, 5.1 +or- 1.25;4.6 +or- 1.29, 4.0 +or- 1.22-32 +or- 1.15, 4.3 +or- 1.30, 2 (age) 4.2 +or- 1.19, 3.8 +or- 1.17-122 +or- 1.38, 4.0 +or- 1.18;3.6 +or- 1.19, 3.1 +or- 1.14-28 +or- 1.09, 3.4 +or- 1.17, determined. This result were statistically significant differences between lambing mother age and lambing type, lamb sex and live birth weight it was determined (P 0.05). Increasing the demand for mutton in the process of Covid-19 pandemic, these differences can be lamb meat under the conditions of limited sheep breeding, local sheep presence and sheep products can be increased. In terms of lambing parameters, if the high breeding populations are used as breeding material for the breeding of domestic breeds as Awassi, it will be possible to increase the local and regional sheep production efficiency. The pandemic negative impact of sheep breeding process can be minimized in Turkey.

2.
Med Sci Sports Exerc ; 54(7): 1051-1057, 2022 07 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079613

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) can result in myocarditis. Protocols were developed to allow competitive athletes to safely return to play (RTP) after a COVID-19 infection, but the financial impact of these protocols is unknown. Our objective was to determine the differential cost of post-COVID-19 RTP protocols for competitive collegiate athletes. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study of clinical evaluation of 295 athletes after COVID-19 infection was performed at four institutions with three RTP protocols. Costs were calculated using adjusted Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services pricing. All athletes underwent electrocardiogram and clinical evaluation. A tiered approach performed cardiac imaging and biomarker analysis for major symptoms. A universal transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) approach performed TTE and biomarkers for all athletes. A universal exercise stress echocardiogram (ESE) approach performed ESE and biomarkers for all athletes. RESULTS: The cost per athlete was $632.51 ± 651.80 ($44,908 total) in tiered group (n = 71), $1,072.30 ± 517.93 ($87,928 total) in the universal TTE group (n = 82), and $1357.38 ± 757.05 ($192,748 total) in the universal ESE group (n = 142) (P < 0.001). Extrapolated national costs for collegiate athletes would be $39 to 64 million higher for universal imaging approaches versus a tiered approach. Only seven athletes had probable/possible myocarditis with no significant difference between approaches. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac screening in collegiate athletes after COVID-19 infection resulted in significant cost to the health care system. A tiered-based approach was more economical, and a universal exercise echocardiogram group detected slightly more myocardial abnormalities by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The clinical consequences of these approaches are unknown.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myocarditis , Aged , Athletes , Biomarkers , Humans , Medicare , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Return to Sport , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
3.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):4368-A0305, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2057601

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Although the ICL is more invasive than laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), it is indicated for patients with very high myopia, commonly over -7D. ICL is associated with certain risks including cataract and glaucoma which may develop years after surgery requiring additional procedures. In this study, we examined the outcome and safety profile of ICL vs. LASIK at 1 week, 1 month, and 1 year postoperatively. Methods : In this retrospective study, we examined records from a single surgeon (KK) as well as 2 patients with post ICL complications requiring ICL removal. An important aim of this study was to use the 1 year follow up data since this is one of the standard ICL follow up visits. We hypothesized that the FDA approved ICL (2005) would have a comparable target refractive outcome and safety profile when compared to LASIK. Results : There were a total of 45 ICL eyes and 65 LASIK eyes. Preoperatively, ICL patients had a significantly higher manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) and cycloplegic refraction spherical equivalent (CRSE) than LASIK patients (p<0.05). For patients who received the ICL implants, the average MRSE at 1-week, 1-month, 1-year post-op was -0.37D±(0.13), -0.29D±(0.09), -0.53D±(0.15);and -1.60D±(0.16), -0.36D±(0.15), -0.36D±(0.07) for patients who received LASIK. The differences in post-op MRSE between ICL and LASIK were not statistically significant (p>0.05). The only significant differences were 1 month LogMAR best corrected visual acuity and 1 year LogMAR distance uncorrected visual acuity (p<0.05), in which LASIK had better visual acuity. Common postoperative findings in both groups were refractive target deviations and punctate keratitis. Reoperation rates in the ICL and LASIK groups were 21.4% and 10.8% respectively, which was not statistically significant (p>0.05). 42.6% of ICL patients underwent the procedure during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to 26.2% of LASIK. Conclusions : Our results demonstrate that ICL is safe and effective for patients with high myopia. Although ICL patients had a significantly higher preoperative MRSE compared to the LASIK group, the ICL patients were able to achieve similar refractive targets. There were no cases of glaucoma or cataract at 1 year in the ICL group. In conclusion, ICL surgery is as safe and effective as LASIK surgery in correcting patients with high myopia, regardless of pre-operative refractive error.

5.
Surgery, Gastroenterology and Oncology ; 26(3):165-171, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1503027

ABSTRACT

Background: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has massively affected bariatric surgical practises across the world. Aim: This report aims to show the effects of the pandemic on bariatric practices in the UK during the early phase of the pandemic. Methods: Bariatric surgeons in United Kingdom (UK) were contacted;seven bariatric units and 20 collaborators agreed to participate in this project. The data includes patients' demographics, type and number of operations, bariatric endoscopic procedures, management of complications, emergency and revisional bariatric surgery. Statistical analysis was used to assess the differences among the categories and to compare the data to the 6th report outcomes provided by British Obesity and the Metabolic Surgery Society 2017-2018 (NBSR). Further analysis of mortality between pre pandemic era and June 2020-June 2021 was performed. Results: A total of 430 bariatric procedures were conducted from 1 January 2020 to 31 March 2020 in seven hospitals in UK. The mean age of the patients was 43.3 years. The mean body mass index was 46.75 kg/m2. 314 (73%) of the patients were women and 116 (27%) were men. The following procedures were performed: 118 (27.4%) Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG), 114 (26.5%) One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (OAGB), 76 (17.6%) Roux En-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), 61 (14.18%) Gastric Balloon and 15 (3.5%) Adjustable Gastric Band. 176 bariatric endoscopy procedures were performed for different indications. 26 (6.04%) revisional surgeries and 20 (4.6%) emergency bariatric surgeries were performed. 24 (5.58%) patients had Grade I-IV Clavien-Dindo complications. No mortality was reported. There was a significant difference in the number of operations for each of LSG, RYGB and OAGB in these seven hospitals compared to the data provided by the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society (BOMSS) 2017-2018 .Only one patient was diagnosed with COVID-19, who was successfully treated and discharged home. Only one mortality was reported during June 2020 untill June 2021.There was no significant difference in moratlity between pre and post pandemic, p>0.5. Conclusions: This data reveals safe bariatric practices during the early phase of COVID-19. Copyright © Celsius Publishing House.

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