Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
1.
Clin Infect Dis ; 73(11): e3677-e3689, 2021 12 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1560596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is limited understanding of the characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requiring hospitalization in Japan. METHODS: This study included 2638 cases enrolled from 227 healthcare facilities that participated in the COVID-19 Registry Japan (COVIREGI-JP). The inclusion criteria for enrollment of a case in COVIREGI-JP are both (1) a positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test and (2) inpatient treatment at a healthcare facility. RESULTS: The median age of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 was 56 years (interquartile range [IQR], 40-71 years). More than half of cases were male (58.9%, 1542/2619). Nearly 60% of the cases had close contact to confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19. The median duration of symptoms before admission was 7 days (IQR, 4-10 days). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (15%, 396/2638) and diabetes without complications (14.2%, 374/2638). The number of nonsevere cases (68.2%, n = 1798) was twice the number of severe cases (31.8%, n = 840) at admission. The respiratory support during hospitalization includes those who received no oxygen support (61.6%, 1623/2636) followed by those who received supplemental oxygen (29.9%, 788/2636) and invasive mechanical ventilation/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (8.5%, 225/2636). Overall, 66.9% (1762/2634) of patients were discharged home, while 7.5% (197/2634) died. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the clinical epidemiological features of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients in Japan. When compared with existing inpatient studies in other countries, these results demonstrated fewer comorbidities and a trend towards lower mortality.

2.
Preprint in English | Other preprints | ID: ppcovidwho-296184

ABSTRACT

Objectives Although several randomised controlled trials have compared the efficacy of remdesivir with that of placebo, there is limited evidence regarding its effect in the early stage of nonsevere COVID-19 cases. Methods We evaluated the efficacy of remdesivir on the early stage of nonsevere COVID-19 using the COVID-19 Registry Japan, a nationwide registry of hospitalised COVID-19 patients in Japan. Two regimens (start remdesivir therapy within 4 days from admission vs. no remdesivir during hospitalisation) among patients without the need for supplementary oxygen therapy were compared by a three-step processing (cloning, censoring, and weighting) method. The primary outcome was supplementary oxygen requirement during hospitalisation. Secondary outcomes were 30-day fatality risk and risk of invasive mechanical ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (IMV/ECMO). Results The data of 12,657 cases met our inclusion criteria. The ‘start remdesivir’ regimen showed a lower risk of supplementary oxygen requirement (hazard ratio: 0.861, p < 0.001). Both 30-day fatality risk and risk of IMV/ECMO introduction were not significantly different between the two regimens (hazard ratios: 1.05 and 0.886, p values: 0.070 and 0.440, respectively). Conclusions Remdesivir might reduce the risk of oxygen requirement during hospitalisation in the early stage of COVID-19;however, it had no positive effect on the clinical outcome and reduction of IMV/ECMO requirement.

3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 112: 111-116, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether anticoagulation therapy improves outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Japan given their lower risk of thrombosis compared with Western cohorts. METHODS: The efficacy of anticoagulation therapy in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 was evaluated using a nationwide registry: the COVID-19 Registry Japan. The inverse probability of weight treatment method was used to adjust for baseline confounders in the anticoagulation and non-anticoagulation groups. RESULTS: Of the 1748 patients included, anticoagulants were used in 367 patients (treatment group). The patients in the anticoagulant group were older, predominantly male, and often presented with obesity, hyperlipidaemia, hypertension, diabetes and elevated D-dimer levels. Twenty-nine-day mortality was 7.6% in the whole cohort (treatment group, 11.2%; no treatment group, 6.6%), 6% in patients who were not treated with steroids (treatment group, 12.3%; no treatment group, 5.2%), and 11.2% in patients treated with steroids (treatment group, 10.5%; no treatment group, 11.8%). Mortality in the whole cohort was similar between the treatment and no treatment groups (P=0.99), and an insignificant decreasing trend in mortality was observed in patients treated with steroids (P=0.075). CONCLUSIONS: Anticoagulants may be beneficial in Asians, in whom comorbidities and risk of thrombosis may differ from other ethnic groups.

4.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 64(12)2020 11 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-939841

ABSTRACT

Favipiravir is an oral broad-spectrum inhibitor of viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that is approved for treatment of influenza in Japan. We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter trial of favipiravir for the treatment of COVID-19 at 25 hospitals across Japan. Eligible patients were adolescents and adults admitted with COVID-19 who were asymptomatic or mildly ill and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1. Patients were randomly assigned at a 1:1 ratio to early or late favipiravir therapy (in the latter case, the same regimen starting on day 6 instead of day 1). The primary endpoint was viral clearance by day 6. The secondary endpoint was change in viral load by day 6. Exploratory endpoints included time to defervescence and resolution of symptoms. Eighty-nine patients were enrolled, of whom 69 were virologically evaluable. Viral clearance occurred within 6 days in 66.7% and 56.1% of the early and late treatment groups (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.42; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.76 to 2.62). Of 30 patients who had a fever (≥37.5°C) on day 1, times to defervescence were 2.1 days and 3.2 days in the early and late treatment groups (aHR, 1.88; 95% CI, 0.81 to 4.35). During therapy, 84.1% developed transient hyperuricemia. Favipiravir did not significantly improve viral clearance as measured by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) by day 6 but was associated with numerical reduction in time to defervescence. Neither disease progression nor death occurred in any of the patients in either treatment group during the 28-day participation. (This study has been registered with the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials under number jRCTs041190120.).


Subject(s)
Amides/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , COVID-19/drug therapy , Pyrazines/administration & dosage , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Viral Load/drug effects , Adolescent , Adult , Amides/adverse effects , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Asymptomatic Diseases , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/virology , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperuricemia/chemically induced , Hyperuricemia/diagnosis , Hyperuricemia/physiopathology , Japan , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Pyrazines/adverse effects , Random Allocation , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Secondary Prevention/organization & administration , Severity of Illness Index , Time-to-Treatment/organization & administration , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...