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Journal of Hypertension ; 41:e211, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2245204


Objective: Main issues in the treatment of hypertension are the low level of blood pressure (BP) control and the economic burden for health care systems. Mobile application with telemonitoring of BP could contribute to better control and lower costs by reducing office visits. This could be useful nowadays with difficult access to health system due to covid-19. The purpose of this study was to investigate if an innovative management strategy of hypertension, such as the use of ESH care application for smartphones combined with a dedicated platform, could improve hypertension control and replace frequent office visits. Design and method: 30 uncontrolled hypertensive patients, treated or untreated [mean age 53 ± 9 years, mean office BP (OBP) 146.3 ± 6.2 / 92.5 ± 9 mmHg, 53% men, 33% smokers, 23% with hypercholesterolemia] were randomized to the application assisted strategy (AAS) (17 patients), where a mobile phone application was offered to communicate home BP measurements (HBPm), or to regular office visits (13 patients). Patients BP measurements (HBPm for AAS and OBP for standard care group) were evaluated in 1 and 3 months with treatment titration if uncontrolled. In all patients OBP and ambulatory BP measurement (ABPM) were evaluated in 6 months. Results: In both groups the reduction in OBP and ABPM was significant in 6 months. In the AAS group the reduction in systolic/diastolic OBP and 24 h systolic/ diastolic BP in 6 months was -26.5 ± 5.6 / -19.4 ± 8.2 mmHg (p < 0,001) and -19.6 ± 7.7 / -13.8 ± 4.8 mmHg (p < 0.001), respectively. In the standard care group, the reduction in systolic/diastolic OBP and 24 h systolic/diastolic BP in 6 months was -22.6 ± 9.7 / -9.6 ± 11 mmHg (p < 0.005) and -18.4 ± 6.0 / - 8.8 ± 4.4 mmHg (p < 0.001). In AAS group compared to standard care group there was a greater reduction in 24 h diastolic BP (-13.8 ± 4.8 mmHg vs -8.8 ± 4.4 mmHg, p = 0.016) and in diastolic OBP (-19.4 ± 8.2 mmHg vs -9.6 ± 11.0 mmHg, p = 0.04). Conclusions: The present results indicate that the monitoring of patients through a mobile health tool could be useful in hypertension management as it is correlated with better BP control compared to office visits. The trial is still enrolling patients.

Journal of Hypertension ; 41:e308, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2244292


Objective: While there are several studies that have focused on the role of face masks in preventing airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, few data are available on their effects on physiological measures, and no study has examined their effects on blood pressure (BP). The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of surgical masks on BP in drug-treated hypertensive patients who had a routine follow-up visit to a university hospital outpatient hypertension clinic. Design and method: The study included already treated hypertensive patients aged > 18 years, while the exclusion criteria were atrial fibrillation or any other arrhythmia affecting the BP measurement, an arm circumference > 42 cm, mental disorders, Parkinson disease, pregnancy, intolerance to the BP measurement method, or unwillingness to participate. A new surgical mask was provided to all participants to replace the face mask that was already in use. After the routine mask-on office BP measurement, patients were left alone and randomized to automated office BP measurement, with measurements taken after first wearing a mask for 10 min, then without wearing the mask for 10 min, and vice versa. Results: A total number of 265 patients were included in the study. Among the participants, 115 were women (43.4%), the mean age was 62 ± 12 years, and the mean office BP was 134 ± 15 / 81 ± 12 mmHg. There was no significant difference between mask-on unattended systolic BP (133 ± 15 mmHg) and mask-off unattended systolic BP (132 ± 15 mmHg) (P = 0.13) or between mask-on unattended diastolic BP (77 ± 13 mmHg) and mask-off unattended diastolic BP (76 ± 13 mmHg) (P = 0.32). Moreover, there was no difference in the heart rate (mask-on first, 69 ± 11 bpm;mask-off first, 69 ± 11 bpm, P = 0.7). Conclusions: Common surgical masks do not affect systolic/diastolic BP levels during unattended BP measurements in treated hypertensive patients.

Journal of Hypertension ; 41:e235, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2242014


Objective: Few data have been published regarding the holistic approach of post- Covid patients, examining physical health. The purpose of our study was to examine the impact of arterial hypertension in the cardiopulmonary status of post-covid patients 3 months after the first day of infection. Design and Method: All participants who recovered Covid-19 infection underwent cardiorespiratory exercise using either Bruce or modified Bruce protocol where all parameters were evaluated and transthoracic echocardiogram. The population was separated into two groups based on history of hypertension. Group I (n = 29) included hypertensive subjects and Group II (n = 75) included normotensive subjects. Results and Conclusion: A total of 104 patients were assessed 3 months after the onset of COVID-19 symptoms. We recorded a mean age of 49 ± 15 years, 50.5% of them were males, 8.7% had a history of coronary heart disease. Hypertensives had higher BMI (29.24 ± 24 vs 26.64 kg/m2 p < 0.01) and BSA (2.09 ± 0.25 vs. 1.95 ± 0.58, p = 0.001). They were hospitalized in higher percentage comparing to normotensives (72.4% vs. 41.3%, p < 0.01). Left atrial diameter (41 ± 6 vs. 35 ± 5.5 mm, p < 0.001) was significantly larger in hypertensives. Furthermore, A wave (79 ± 21 vs. 58 ± 18 cm/s p < 0.001) and ratios of E/A (1.01 ± 0.42 vs. 1.28 ± 0.44, p < 0.01) and E/E (7.3 ± 3.7 vs. 5.9 ± 4.3, p < 0.01) differed between two groups. Finally, LVEF (%) was significantly impaired in hypertensive comparing to normotesive subjects (53 ± 13% vs. 59 ± 7%). This finding was depicted in lower maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 22 ± 4.5 vs. 28 ± 8 ml/kg/min p < 0.001), metabolic equivalents (METS) at peak, 9.1 ± 3 vs. 14 ± 20 p < 0.001), maximum heart rate (maxHR 147 ± 17 vs. 165 ± 21 bpm p < 0.001) and HR1st minute recovery (123 ± 28 vs. 138 ± 21 bpm, p: 0.02) comparing to normotensive. Systolic blood pressure (SBP 180 ± 29 vs. 165 ± 25mmHg, p: 0.02) during the 1st minute of recovery was higher in hypertensives. Finally, the duration of exercise was significantly lower in patients with hypertension (7.3 ± 2.7 vs. 9 ± 4 min, p:0.02). To conclude, the current study highlighted the negative impact of hypertension in the ability to exercise. Regardless of the disease severity, post-covid patients need a comprehensive approach for rehabilitation including the modification of risk factors like hypertension and obesity.

Journal of Hypertension ; 41:e235, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2242013


Objective: There is little data concerning the impact of arterial hypertension (HTN) on the cardiopulmonary status and right ventricle (RV) function of patients with SARS-Cov-2 infection. The purpose of our study was to investigate whether HTN affects the functional status of hospitalized for SARS-Cov-2 patients, using cardiopulmonary test and echocardiographic parameters, 3 months after the first day of infection. Design and Method: Subjects who were hospitalized and survived Covid-19 infection were divided into two groups according to history of HTN. All subjects underwent cardiorespiratory exercise using Bruce or modified Bruce protocol evaluating all parameters. Echocardiographic findings including right ventricle strain were analyzed using an offline program. Results and Conclusion: A total population of 52 hospitalized Sars-Cov-2 patients with a mean age of 57 ± 11.5 years were evaluated 3 months after the symptoms onset. Males amounted to 51.9 %. History of coronary artery disease was recorded in 15.4% of them. In hypertensive subjects, age (63 ± 8 vs. 52 ± 11 years, p < 0.001), BMI (29.9 ± 4.6 vs. 27.1 ± 5.8 kg/m2, p:0.03) and BSA (2.1 ± 0.25 vs. 2 ± 0.9 m2, p:0.04) were significantly higher. When analyzing cardiopulmonary test parameters, only maximum systolic blood pressure ((SBP, mmHg), 190 ± 21 vs.171 ± 26, p: 0.02) at peak and during the 1st minute of recovery (180 ± 23 vs. 157 ± 27 mmHg, p: 0.005) were higher comparing to normotensive subjects. Furthermore, diameter of left atrium ((LA, mm), 42 ± 6 vs.38 ± 6 p: 0.009), left ventricle ejection fraction ((LVEF,%), 48 ± 11 vs. 57 ± 6, p:0.004) and the absolute mean value of right ventricle strain ((RVLS, %), 9.1 ± 4 vs. 12.7 ± 5.4, p:0.04) differed significantly between two groups. Using linear regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, HTN, coronary heart disease and LVEF, HTN (p: 0.01) proved to be independent predictive factor for RVLS in hospitalized patients. To conclude our study highlighted negative impact of HTN both in right and left ventricle functionality, implying HTN as a negative independent predictive factor for right ventricle strain in patients hospitalized for SARS-Cov-2.

J Hum Hypertens ; 36(11): 945-951, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2151012


Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement is considered an integral component of the diagnostic algorithm and management of hypertension. In the era of digitalization, a great deal of wearable BP measuring devices has been developed. These digital blood pressure monitors allow frequent BP measurements with minimal annoyance to the patient while they do promise radical changes regarding the diagnostic accuracy, as the importance of making an accurate diagnosis of hypertension has become evident. By increasing the number of BP measurements in different conditions, these monitors allow accurate identification of different clinical phenotypes, such as masked hypertension and pathological BP variability, that seem to have a negative impact on cardiovascular prognosis. Frequent measurements of BP and the incorporation of new features in BP variability, both enable well-rounded interpretation of BP data in the context of real-life settings. This article is a review of all different technologies and wearable BP monitoring devices.

Hypertension , Wearable Electronic Devices , Humans , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Blood Pressure/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Blood Pressure Determination , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/therapy