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1.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 63(1): E12-E18, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955101

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a grave threat to public health. Along with vaccination, preventive behaviors are still an important part in controlling in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aimed to investigate health beliefs and sample characteristics associated with COVID-19 preventive health behaviors among an Iranian sample. Preventive behaviors are still an important part in controlling in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, using a multi-stage randomized sampling method. Participants (N = 250 males and 236 females) were recruited from health centers in Saveh, Iran. Self-administered questionnaires included sociodemographic information, health behaviors, and constructs associated with the Health Beliefs Model (HBM). Data were analyzed using independent t-tests, analysis of variance, and multiple regression with significance level set at α ≤ 0.05. Results: Perceived disease susceptibility (ß = 0.44, P< 0.001), self-efficacy to enact preventative behaviors (ß = 0.24, P < 0.01), education (ß = 0.20, P < 0.001), non-smoking status (ß = 0.14, P < 0.01), marital status (ß = 0.10, P < 0.03), and perceived barriers to disease preventative behaviors (ß = -0.10, P < 0.04) were important predictors of prevention practices for COVID-19, and accounted for 61.4% (adjusted R2) of the variance associated with preventive behavior for COVID-19. Conclusion: As there is accepted therapy for COVID-19, it is especially important to control COVID-19 through behavior change. Results indicate that two behavioral constructs that have the most impact on prevention are perceived disease susceptibility and self-efficacy. Therefore, public health initiatives are needed to enhance perceived susceptibility to the disease and improve self-efficacy to perform preventative behaviors in spite of perceived barriers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Susceptibility , Female , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 68, 2022 Mar 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is no valid and reliable tool to measure COVID-19 healthcare stress felt by healthcare students. A scale was developed to assess COVID-19 stress in healthcare students and its psychometrics was examined. METHODS: This is a two phases mixed-method study including a qualitative stage consisting of student interview and literature review to develop content of the tool. In the quantitative stage, the psychometrics of the scale was examined in 2020-2021. RESULTS: The COVID-19 related healthcare student stress scale (CHSSS) featured five factors including fear of catching coronavirus, social constraints, changes in education, non-compliance of health protocols and worrying news and overload information, which totally explained 51.75% of the total variance. CONCLUSION: Validity and reliability of CHSSS with 17 items were supported to measure COVID-19 stress in healthcare students as a self-assessment tool. Researchers can utilize this tool to assess COVID-19 stress in healthcare students and introduce policies and intervention especially designed for healthcare students.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnosis , Delivery of Health Care , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Psychometrics , Qualitative Research , Reproducibility of Results , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-305690

ABSTRACT

Background: New Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is the main pathogens that primarily target the human respiratory organization, represents a public health emergency and global concern. The present study aimed to investigate the epidemiological, clinical characteristics of coronavirus-infected disease (COVID-19) in Saveh city, of Iran, in 2020.MethodIn this descriptive-analytical research, 1142 patients suspected of having coronavirus, participated. Data collection was performed using interviews, inserting information into the researcher-made questionnaires, and using the information in patients' medical records. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21 using Chi-square, independent sample t tests, Fisher's Exact Test, and regression analysis.Resultsmultivariate logistic regression models revealed that among clinical symptoms and patents characteristics, some variables were significant predictors of death: Intubation (OR = 8.82;95% CI: (5.15-15.63), PO2 rate (OR = 2.48;95% CI: (1.51-4.08), Diabetes (OR = 1.88;95% CI: (1.00-3.54), Shortness of breath (OR = 1.70;95% CI: (1.02-2.82). Almost half of the patients (48.3%) had a history of chronic disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (12.8%), diabetes (11.6%), and high blood pressure (9.7%) were the primary chronic disease among patients.ConclusionConsidering the results of the study, designing and implementing targeting and tailoring health education programs for all groups of the community and especially for susceptible people such as elderly and patients with chronic disease, are highly recommended. All in all, risk communication programs regarding COVID-19 might be a priority for responsible agencies.

5.
J Educ Health Promot ; 10: 378, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1591458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The relationship between willingness to mobile learning (m-learning) and educational achievement was examined in health-care professional students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive correlative study that was conducted from January 2020 to February 2020. A total of 295 students in Saveh University of Medical Sciences in Iran were selected through census method. The data were collected using the standard willingness to m-learning questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed statistically using Pearson's correlation coefficient and concurrent regression analysis. RESULTS: The mean score of willingness to m-learning was 165.55 ± 13.4, which is an indicative of a higher willingness level in the health-care professional students for m-learning. There was a positive and significant relationship between willingness for m-learning and educational achievement (r = 0.77, P < 0.01). The predictive variable, i.e., willingness to m-learning, predicted 53.8% of the variance of educational achievement (F = 58.801, P = 0.00). Among the variables of willingness to m-learning, the regression coefficients of perceived ease, attitude, self-management in learning, educational use, and efficiency of m-learning were significant (P < 0.05). This means that these variables are direct predictors of educational achievement. CONCLUSIONS: Willingness to m-learning had a positive and significant relationship with educational achievement. Although this study was performed just before the corona outbreak, paying attention to the results of this study can be helpful for students, faculty members, and policymakers in filling the educational gap during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.

6.
J Complement Integr Med ; 18(4): 775-781, 2021 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1160235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Herbal medicines, as a treatment method, have received a great deal of attention. The effects of two herbal medicines namely Zingiber officinale and Echinacea on alleviation of clinical symptoms and hospitalization rate of suspected COVID-19 outpatients were examined. METHODS: A clinical trial with 100 suspected COVID-19 outpatients as participants was conducted. The participants were allocated randomly to two groups of 50 members. The intervention group received concurrent Zingiber officinale (Tablet Vomigone 500 mg II tds) and Echinacea (Tablet Rucoldup I tds) for seven days in addition to the standard treatment. The control group only received the standard treatment (Hydroxychloroquine). After seven days, alleviation of clinical symptoms and hospitalization rate were examined. In addition, 14 days after treatment, the hospitalization was assessed again by telephone follow up. RESULTS: The two groups were identical in terms of basic characteristics. Improvement level as to coughing, dyspnea, and muscle pain was higher in the intervention group (p value <0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the other symptoms. In addition, the hospitalization rate in the intervention and control groups were 2 and 6% respectively, which are not significantly different (p value >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Taking into account the efficiency and trivial side-effects of Zingiber officinale and Echinacea, using them for alleviation and control of the clinical symptoms in COVID-19 outpatients is recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Echinacea , Ginger , Hospitalization , Humans , Outpatients , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
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