Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 10(5): ofad216, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2314128


Background: We aimed to estimate the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seroprevalence among the general population in Conakry, Guinea and Yaounde, Cameroon after the coronavirus disease 2019 Omicron wave. Methods: We conducted population-based, age-stratified seroprevalence surveys in Conakry and Yaounde (May and June 2022). We collected demographic and epidemiologic information and dried blood spot samples that were tested for SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using recombinant nucleocapsid and spike proteins with Luminex technology. Results: Samples were obtained from 1386 and 1425 participants in Guinea and Cameroon, respectively. The overall age-standardized SARS-CoV-2 IgG seroprevalence against spike and nucleocapsid proteins was 71.57% (95% confidence interval [CI], 67.48%-75.33%) in Guinea and 74.71% (95% CI, 71.99%-77.25%) in Cameroon. Seroprevalence increased significantly with age categories. Female participants were more likely than male participants to be seropositive. The seroprevalence in unvaccinated participants was 69.6% (95% CI, 65.5%-73.41%) in Guinea and 74.8% (95% CI, 72.04%-77.38%) in Cameroon. In multivariate analysis, only age, sex, and education were independently associated with seropositivity. Conclusions: These findings show a high community transmission after the different epidemiological waves including Omicron, especially among people aged >40 years. In addition, our results suggest that the spread of SARS-CoV-2 has been underestimated as a significant proportion of the population has already contracted the virus and that vaccine strategies should focus on vulnerable populations.

Viruses ; 15(2)2023 01 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2216965


Bats are at the origin of human coronaviruses, either directly or via an intermediate host. We tested swabs from 4597 bats (897 from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 2191 from Cameroon and 1509 from Guinea) with a broadly reactive PCR in the RdRp region. Coronaviruses were detected in 903 (19.6%) bats and in all species, with more than 25 individuals tested. The highest prevalence was observed in Eidolon helvum (239/733; 39.9%) and Rhinolophus sp. (306/899; 34.1%), followed by Hipposideros sp. (61/291; 20.9%). Frugivorous bats were predominantly infected with beta coronaviruses from the Nobecovirus subgenus (93.8%), in which at least 6 species/genus-specific subclades were observed. In contrast, insectivorous bats were infected with beta-coronaviruses from different subgenera (Nobecovirus (8.5%), Hibecovirus (32.8%), Merbecovirus (0.5%) and Sarbecovirus (57.6%)) and with a high diversity of alpha-coronaviruses. Overall, our study shows a high prevalence and genetic diversity of coronaviruses in bats and illustrates that Rhinolophus bats in Africa are infected at high levels with the Sarbecovirus subgenus, to which SARS-CoV-2 belongs. It is important to characterize in more detail the different coronavirus lineages from bats for their potential to infect human cells, their evolution and to study frequency and modes of contact between humans and bats in Africa.

COVID-19 , Chiroptera , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Humans , Animals , SARS-CoV-2 , Behavior Therapy , Cameroon
J Public Health Afr ; 13(3): 2195, 2022 Sep 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2090508


Background: In 2020, the world was confronted with COVID-19, which caused a socio-economic panic in several sectors. The use of hospitals has been affected, with an impact on their financial performance. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the pandemic on the financial performance of a hospital with a care center. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study targeting the Yaoundé Central Hospital over two periods : before the pandemic (March to August 2019) and during the pandemic (March to August 2020). Based on the administrative accounts, revenues from the main sources of financial inflows were recorded and compared before and during the pandemic. Results: From March to August 2019, overall revenue was 1,131,525,099 FCFA and from March to August 2020, it was 762,770,714 FCFA, representing a drop of 32.6%. Medical imaging showed a drop of 14% corresponding to a loss of 96,500,052 FCFA. The laboratory showed a 21% decrease corresponding to a loss of 80,691,347 FCFA. Hospital admissions fell by 21%, corresponding to a loss of 62,124,675 FCFA. Consultations fell by 10%, corresponding to a loss of 49,265,835 FCFA. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the financial revenues of the Yaoundé Central Hospital.