Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
1.
Viruses ; 14(2)2022 01 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1715767

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the spontaneous clinical course of patients with endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)-proven lymphocytic myocarditis and cardiac human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) DNA presence, and the effectiveness of steroid-based intervention in HHV6-positive patients. RESULTS: 756 heart failure (HF) patients underwent an EMB procedure to determine the underlying cause of unexplained HF. Low levels of HHV6 DNA, detectable by nested PCR only, were found in 10.4% of the cases (n = 79) of which 62% (n = 49) showed myocardial inflammation. The spontaneous course of patients with EMB-proven HHV6 DNA-associated lymphocytic myocarditis (n = 26) showed significant improvements in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and clinical symptoms, respectively, in 15/26 (60%) patients, 3-12 months after disease onset. EMB mRNA expression of components of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and protein analysis of cardiac remodeling markers, analyzed by real-time PCR and MALDI mass spectrometry, respectively, did not differ between HHV6-positive and -negative patients. In another cohort of patients with ongoing symptoms related to lymphocytic myocarditis associated with cardiac levels of HHV6-DNA copy numbers <500 copies/µg cardiac DNA, quantified by real-time PCR, the efficacy and safety of steroid-based immunosuppression for six months was investigated. Steroid-based immunosuppression improved the LVEF (≥5%) in 8/10 patients and reduced cardiac inflammation in 7/10 patients, without an increase in cardiac HHV6 DNA levels in follow-up EMBs. CONCLUSION: Low HHV6 DNA levels are frequently detected in the myocardium, independent of inflammation. In patients with lymphocytic myocarditis with low levels of HHV6 DNA, the spontaneous clinical improvement is nearby 60%. In selected symptomatic patients with cardiac HHV6 DNA copy numbers less than 500 copies/µg cardiac DNA and without signs of an active systemic HHV6 infection, steroid-based therapy was found to be effective and safe. This finding needs to be further confirmed in large, randomized trials.


Subject(s)
Herpesvirus 6, Human/physiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Myocarditis/drug therapy , Myocarditis/virology , Roseolovirus Infections/drug therapy , Roseolovirus Infections/virology , Steroids/administration & dosage , Adult , Aged , Biopsy , Cohort Studies , DNA, Viral/genetics , Female , Gene Dosage , Herpesvirus 6, Human/genetics , Herpesvirus 6, Human/isolation & purification , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocarditis/immunology , Myocarditis/physiopathology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/immunology , Roseolovirus Infections/immunology , Roseolovirus Infections/physiopathology , Stroke Volume
2.
Crit Care Med ; 50(6): 964-976, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1684855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of extracorporeal cytokine reduction by CytoSorb (CytoSorbents, Monmouth Junction, NJ) on COVID-19-associated vasoplegic shock. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Eight ICUs at three sites of the tertiary-care university hospital Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin. PATIENTS: COVID-19 patients with vasoplegic shock requiring norepinephrine greater than 0.2 µg/kg/min, C-reactive protein greater than 100 mg/L, and indication for hemodialysis. INTERVENTIONS: Randomization of 1:1 to receive CytoSorb for 3-7 days or standard therapy. To account for inadvertent removal of antibiotics, patients in the treatment group received an additional dose at each adsorber change. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary endpoint was time until resolution of vasoplegic shock, estimated by Cox-regression. Secondary endpoints included mortality, interleukin-6 concentrations, and catecholamine requirements. The study was registered in the German Registry of Clinical Trials (DRKS00021447). From November 2020 to March 2021, 50 patients were enrolled. Twenty-three patients were randomized to receive CytoSorb and 26 patients to receive standard of care. One patient randomized to cytokine adsorption was excluded due to withdrawal of informed consent. Resolution of vasoplegic shock was observed in 13 of 23 patients (56.5%) in the CytoSorb and 12 of 26 patients (46.2%) in the control group after a median of 5 days (interquartile range [IQR], 4-5 d) and 4 days (IQR, 3-5 d). The hazard ratio (HR) for the primary endpoint, adjusted for the predefined variables age, gender, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-therapy, or time from shock onset to study inclusion was HR, 1.23 (95% CI, 0.54-2.79); p = 0.63. The mortality rate was 78% in the CytoSorb and 73% in the control group (unadjusted HR, 1.17 [95% CI, 0.61-2.23]; p = 0.64). The effects on inflammatory markers, catecholamine requirements, and the type and rates of adverse events were similar between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: In severely ill COVID-19 patients, CytoSorb did not improve resolution of vasoplegic shock or predefined secondary endpoints.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Shock , COVID-19/therapy , Cytokines , Humans , Multiple Organ Failure/therapy , Norepinephrine , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
3.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-296076

ABSTRACT

Background: Several observations indicate a hyperinflammatory state in severely ill COVID-19 patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of extracorporeal cytokine elimination by CytoSorb® on COVID-19 associated vasoplegic shock.<br><br>Methods: In this prospective randomised pilot study COVID-19 patients with vasoplegic shock requiring norepinephrine >0·2 µg/kg/min, CRP >100 mg/L and indication for hemodialysis were randomised 1:1 to receive CytoSorb® treatment for 3-7 days or standard of care. The primary endpoint was time until resolution of vasoplegic shock, estimated by a Cox-regression model. Secondary endpoints included mortality, serum interleukin-6 concentrations, and catecholamine requirements. The study was registered in the German Registry of Clinical Trials (DRKS00021447).<br><br>Findings: From November 2020 to March 2021, 50 patients were enrolled of which 23 patients were randomised to receive CytoSorb® treatment and 26 patients to receive standard of care. One patient randomised to cytokine adsorption was excluded due to withdrawal of informed consent. Resolution of vasoplegic shock was observed in 13 (56·5%) of 23 patients in the CytoSorb® and 12 (46·2%) of 26 patients in the control group after a median of 5 (IQR 4-5) and 4 (IQR 3-5) days, respectively. The hazard ratio (HR) for the primary endpoint, adjusted for the predefined variables age, gender, ECMO-therapy, or time from shock onset to study inclusion was HR 1·23 (95%CI: 0·54-2·79), p=0·63). The mortality rate was 78% in the CytoSorb® and 73% in the control group (unadjusted HR 1·17 (95%CI: 0·61-2.23), p=0·64). The effects on inflammatory markers and catecholamine requirements and the type and rates of adverse events were similar in the two groups.<br><br>Interpretation: In this pilot trial in severely ill COVID-19 patients CytoSorb® treatment did not improve resolution of vasoplegic shock as compared to standard treatment. Mortality rates, catecholamine requirements, inflammatory markers and adverse events did not differ between the two groups.<br><br>Trial Registration: The study was registered in the German Registry of Clinical Trials (DRKS00021447<br><br>Funding: Internal university funds<br><br>Declaration of Interest: HS, LJL, MP, TK, PT, FS, KUE, SK, JVK, MO, AKrü, A Kra, KB declare no conflicts of interest. PE received honoraria from GSK and AstraZeneca and filed two patents for novel urinary biomarkers outside the submitted work. ST received research funding and honoraria for workshops and lectures from Orionpharma. He additionally received honoraria for workshops and lectures from Edwards and honoraria for lectures from Amomed and Smith&Nephews. CS received grants from: Drägerwerk AG& Co.KGaA;German Reseach Society;German Aerospace Center;Einstein Foundation Berlin;Federal Joint Committee (G-BA);Inner University grants;Project Management Agency;Non-Profit Promoting Science and Education;European Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care;Baxter Deutschland GmbH;Cytosorbents Europe GmbH;Edwards Lifsciences Germany GmbH;Fresenius Medical Care;Grünenthal GmbH;Massimo Europe Ltd.;Pfizer Pharma PFE GmbH;Georg Thieme Verlag, Dr. F Köhler Chemie GmbH;Sintetica GmbH;Stifterverband für die deutsche Wissenschaft e.V./Philips;Stiftung Charié;AGUETTANT Deutschland GmbH;AbbVie Deutschland GmbH & Co.KG;Amomed Pharma GmbH;InTouch Health;Copra System GmbH;Correvio GmbH;Max Plank Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V.;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Anästhesiologie & Intensivmedizin (DGAI);Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft e.V./Medtronic;Philipps ElectronicsNederland BV;BMG, BMBF, German Research Society all outside the submitted work. In addition, CS has different patents. DK received fees for speaking at a symposia organized on behalf of Fresenius Medical Care AG, Germany.<br><br>Ethical Approval: The original protocol and the changes were approved by the local ethics<br>committee (EA1/069/20).

4.
2021.
Preprint in English | Other preprints | ID: ppcovidwho-294933

ABSTRACT

Objective to assess reactogenicity and immunogenicity of heterologous prime-boost immunisations of ChAdOx1-nCoV19 (Vaxzevria, ChAdOx) followed by BNT162b2 (Comirnaty, BNT) compared to homologous BNT/BNT immunisation. Design prospective, observational cohort study. Setting unicenter study in a cohort of health care workers at a tertiary care center in Berlin, Germany. Participants 340 health care workers immunised between 27 December 2020 and 21 May 2021 at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany Main outcome measures the main outcomes were reactogenicity assessed on days one, three, five and seven post prime and boost vaccination, and immunogenicity measured by serum SARS-CoV-2 full spike-, spike S1-, and spike RBD-IgG, virus neutralisation capacity, anti-S1-IgG avidity, and T cell reactivity measured by Interferon gamma release assay at 3-4 weeks post prime and boost immunisation. Results Heterologous ChAdOx/BNT booster vaccination was overall well-tolerated and reactogenicity was largely comparable to homologous BNT/BNT vaccination. Systemic reactions were most frequent after prime immunisation with ChAdOx (86%, 95CI: 79-91), and less frequent after homologous BNT/BNT (65%, 95CI: 56-72), or heterologous ChAdOx/BNT booster vaccination (48%, 95CI: 36-59). Serum antibody responses and T cell reactivity were strongly increased after both homologous and heterologous boost, and immunogenicity was overall robust, and comparable between both regimens in this cohort, with slightly increased S1-IgG avidity and T cell responses following heterologous booster immunisation. Conclusions Evidence of rare thrombotic events associated with ChAdOx has led to recommendation of a heterologous booster with mRNA vaccines for certain age groups in several European countries, despite a lack of robust safety and immunogenicity data for this vaccine regimen. This interim analysis provides evidence that the currently recommended heterologous ChAdOx/BNT immunisation regimen with 10-12 week vaccine intervals is well tolerated and slightly more immunogenic compared to homologous BNT/BNT vaccination with three week vaccine intervals. Heterologous prime-boost immunisation for COVID-19 may be generally applicable to optimise logistics and improve immunogenicity and to mitigate potential intermittent supply shortages for individual vaccines.

5.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 23(11): 1891-1902, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209196

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Viral-induced cardiac inflammation can induce heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)-like syndromes. COVID-19 can lead to myocardial damage and vascular injury. We hypothesised that COVID-19 patients frequently develop a HFpEF-like syndrome, and designed this study to explore this. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac function was assessed in 64 consecutive, hospitalized, and clinically stable COVID-19 patients from April-November 2020 with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥50% (age 56 ± 19 years, females: 31%, severe COVID-19 disease: 69%). To investigate likelihood of HFpEF presence, we used the HFA-PEFF score. A low (0-1 points), intermediate (2-4 points), and high (5-6 points) HFA-PEFF score was observed in 42%, 33%, and 25% of patients, respectively. In comparison, 64 subjects of similar age, sex, and comorbidity status without COVID-19 showed these scores in 30%, 66%, and 4%, respectively (between groups: P = 0.0002). High HFA-PEFF scores were more frequent in COVID-19 patients than controls (25% vs. 4%, P = 0.001). In COVID-19 patients, the HFA-PEFF score significantly correlated with age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT), haemoglobin, QTc interval, LVEF, mitral E/A ratio, and H2 FPEF score (all P < 0.05). In multivariate, ordinal regression analyses, higher age and hsTnT were significant predictors of increased HFA-PEFF scores. Patients with myocardial injury (hsTnT ≥14 ng/L: 31%) vs. patients without myocardial injury, showed higher HFA-PEFF scores [median 5 (interquartile range 3-6) vs. 1 (0-3), P < 0.001] and more often showed left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (75% vs. 27%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Hospitalized COVID-19 patients frequently show high likelihood of presence of HFpEF that is associated with cardiac structural and functional alterations, and myocardial injury. Detailed cardiac assessments including echocardiographic determination of left ventricular diastolic function and biomarkers should become routine in the care of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Failure , Adult , Aged , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Humans , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(5)2021 03 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1134153

ABSTRACT

Briefly before the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Berlin, Germany, schools closed in mid-March 2020. Following re-opening, schools resumed operation at a reduced level for nine weeks. During this phase, we aimed at assessing, among students and teachers, infection status, symptoms, individual behaviour, and institutional infection prevention measures. Twenty-four primary and secondary school classes, randomly selected across Berlin, were examined. Oro-nasopharyngeal swabs and capillary blood samples were collected to determine SARS-CoV-2 infection (PCR) and specific IgG (ELISA), respectively. Medical history, household characteristics, leisure activities, fear of infection, risk perception, hand hygiene, facemask wearing, and institutional preventive measures were assessed. Descriptive analysis was performed. Among 535 participants (385 students, 150 staff), one teenager was found to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (0.2%), and seven individuals exhibited specific IgG (1.3%). Compared to pre-pandemic times, screen time (e.g., TV, gaming, social media) increased, and the majority of primary school students reported reduced physical activity (42.2%). Fear of infection and risk perception were relatively low, acceptance of adapted health behaviors was high. In this post-lockdown period of low SARS-CoV-2 incidence in Berlin, individual and school-level infection prevention measures were largely adhered to. Nevertheless, vigilance and continued preventive measures are essential to cope with future pandemic activity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Berlin , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Perception , Schools
7.
Nat Biotechnol ; 38(8): 970-979, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1023942

ABSTRACT

To investigate the immune response and mechanisms associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we performed single-cell RNA sequencing on nasopharyngeal and bronchial samples from 19 clinically well-characterized patients with moderate or critical disease and from five healthy controls. We identified airway epithelial cell types and states vulnerable to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. In patients with COVID-19, epithelial cells showed an average three-fold increase in expression of the SARS-CoV-2 entry receptor ACE2, which correlated with interferon signals by immune cells. Compared to moderate cases, critical cases exhibited stronger interactions between epithelial and immune cells, as indicated by ligand-receptor expression profiles, and activated immune cells, including inflammatory macrophages expressing CCL2, CCL3, CCL20, CXCL1, CXCL3, CXCL10, IL8, IL1B and TNF. The transcriptional differences in critical cases compared to moderate cases likely contribute to clinical observations of heightened inflammatory tissue damage, lung injury and respiratory failure. Our data suggest that pharmacologic inhibition of the CCR1 and/or CCR5 pathways might suppress immune hyperactivation in critical COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Respiratory System/pathology , Single-Cell Analysis , Transcriptome , Adult , Aged , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/virology , COVID-19 , Cell Communication , Cell Differentiation , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Epithelial Cells/virology , Female , Humans , Immune System/pathology , Inflammation/immunology , Inflammation/pathology , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharynx/virology , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Respiratory System/immunology , Respiratory System/virology , Severity of Illness Index
8.
Infection ; 48(4): 619-626, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-597401

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide causing a global health emergency. Pa-COVID-19 aims to provide comprehensive data on clinical course, pathophysiology, immunology and outcome of COVID-19, to identify prognostic biomarkers, clinical scores, and therapeutic targets for improved clinical management and preventive interventions. METHODS: Pa-COVID-19 is a prospective observational cohort study of patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection treated at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. We collect data on epidemiology, demography, medical history, symptoms, clinical course, and pathogen testing and treatment. Systematic, serial blood sampling will allow deep molecular and immunological phenotyping, transcriptomic profiling, and comprehensive biobanking. Longitudinal data and sample collection during hospitalization will be supplemented by long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Outcome measures include the WHO clinical ordinal scale on day 15 and clinical, functional, and health-related quality-of-life assessments at discharge and during follow-up. We developed a scalable dataset to (i) suit national standards of care, (ii) facilitate comprehensive data collection in medical care facilities with varying resources, and (iii) allow for rapid implementation of interventional trials based on the standardized study design and data collection. We propose this scalable protocol as blueprint for harmonized data collection and deep phenotyping in COVID-19 in Germany. CONCLUSION: We established a basic platform for harmonized, scalable data collection, pathophysiological analysis, and deep phenotyping of COVID-19, which enables rapid generation of evidence for improved medical care and identification of candidate therapeutic and preventive strategies. The electronic database accredited for interventional trials allows fast trial implementation for candidate therapeutic agents. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at the German registry for clinical studies (DRKS00021688).


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Registries , Berlin/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Biological Specimen Banks , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Disease Management , Humans , Observational Studies as Topic , Pandemics , Phenotype , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , World Health Organization
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL