Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
1.
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology ; 25(3):330-331, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1980734
2.
Journal of Stroke Medicine ; : 25166085221089731, 2022.
Article in English | Sage | ID: covidwho-1785139

ABSTRACT

Background and Purpose:Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) infection induces a prothrombotic state frequently associated with arterial ischemic strokes. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is also reported with corona virus disease-19 (COVID-19) but a large cohort study is lacking. Our aim was to study the characteristics, treatment response, and outcomes of CVST occurring in association with COVID-19 (COVID-CVST) and the causal relationship with COVID-19.Methods:Data of 34 patients admitted in COVID facility and suffering from CVST and SARS-COV2 infection was studied with respect to their clinic-radiological and lab features, predisposing factors, treatment, and outcome.Observations and Results:15 patients with CVST were detected positive for COVID but remained asymptomatic for the same. 14 patients had CVST along with symptoms of COVID, whereas 5 had CVST after recovery from COVID, at an average of 18 days after COVID-19. 4 patients were on aspirin as prophylaxis against thrombo-embolic events. The number of males exceeded females (22:12), conventional risk factors were seen in only 8 patients (postpartum state-3, alcohol abuse-2 and anemia-3), whereas the majority (26/34) showed none of them. The mean serum homocysteine level was normal and antiphospholipid antibody was tested normal in the assessed subjects. D-dimer and C reactive protein were elevated in all. 4 symptomatic patients who suffered from severe pneumonia died because of systemic complications.Conclusion:COVID-19 predisposes to CVST and the outcome is related to the severity of COVID pneumonia. CVST related to COVID occurs during or after a few weeks of COVID pneumonia and can also be seen in asymptomatic SARS-COV2 infection. COVID-19 can occur independently or in association with traditional thrombotic risk factors which increase the risk and severity of CVST in COVID. If recognized early, CVST associated with COVID can usually be treated effectively to achieve a very good outcome.

3.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 25(1): 68-75, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726288

ABSTRACT

Background: There has been an increase an alarming rise in invasive mycoses during COVID-19 pandemic, especially during the second wave. Aims: Compare the incidence of invasive mycoses in the last three years and study the risk factors, manifestations and outcomes of mycoses in the COVID era. Methodology: Multicentric study was conducted across 21 centres in a state of western India over 12-months. The clinico-radiological, laboratory and microbiological features, treatment and outcomes of patients were studied. We also analysed yearly incidence of rhino-orbito-cerebral mycosis. Results: There was more than five-times rise in the incidence of invasive mycoses compared to previous two-years. Of the 122 patients analysed, mucor, aspergillus and dual infection were seen in 86.9%, 4.1%, and 7.4% respectively. Fifty-nine percent had simultaneous mycosis and COVID-19 while rest had sequential infection. Common presenting features were headache (91%), facial pain (78.7%), diplopia (66.4%) and vison loss (56.6%). Rhino-orbito-sinusitis was present in 96.7%, meningitis in 6.6%, intracranial mass lesions in 15.6% and strokes in 14.8%. A total of 91.8% patients were diabetic, while 90.2% were treated with steroids during COVID-19 treatment. Mortality was 34.4%. Conclusion: Invasive fungal infections having high mortality and morbidity have increased burden on already overburdened healthcare system. Past illnesses, COVID-19 itself and its treatment and environmental factors seem responsible for the rise of fungal infection. Awareness and preventive strategies are the need of hours and larger studies are needed for better understanding of this deadly disease.

4.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 25(1): 7-10, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726287

ABSTRACT

During the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic, there is a sudden increase in number of cases mucormycosis infection in India. This communication by the Tropical Neurology subsection expert group of the Indian Academy of Neurology (IAN) describes the clinical and diagnostic features, treatment of the disease and gives recommendations about the ways forward.

5.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 24(6): 847-848, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1595067
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 31(2): 106231, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525871

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many countries have seen an unprecedented rise of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated mucormycosis (CAM). Cerebrovascular involvement in CAM has not been studied so far. We describe clinico-radiological manifestations of cerebrovascular complications observed in CAM. METHODS: In this multicentric retrospective observational study from India, patients with CAM who developed cerebrovascular involvement were studied. Their demographics, risk factors, clinical manifestations, imaging, laboratory profile and outcomes were noted. RESULTS: Out of 49 subjects with cerebrovascular involvement, 71.4% were males while average age was 52.9 years. Ischemic stroke was commonest (91.8%) followed by intracranial haemorrhage (6.1%) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (2%). The incidence of cerebrovascular complications in CAM was found to be 11.8% in one center. Cerebrovascular symptoms appeared a median of 8.3 days from the onset of mucormycosis. Commonest presentation of mucormycosis was rhino-orbito-cerebral syndrome in 98%. Diabetes mellitus was present in 81.7%. Forty percent developed stroke despite being on antiplatelet agent and/or heparin. Amongst subjects with ischemic strokes, location of stroke was unilateral anterior circulation (62.2%); bilateral anterior circulation (17.8%); posterior circulation (11.1%) and combined anterior and posterior circulation (8.9%). Vascular imaging revealed intracranial occlusion in 62.1%; extracranial occlusion in 3.4% and normal vessels in 34.5%. Mortality was 51% during hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrovascular involvement was seen in 11.8% patients of CAM. Angio-invasive nature of the fungus, prothrombotic state created by COVID-19, and diabetes were important causative factors. Subjects with CAM should be screened for involvement of the brain as well as its vessel. Antiplatelet agents/heparin did not seem to provide complete protection from this type of stroke.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Cerebrovascular Disorders/complications , Mucormycosis/complications , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Stroke/epidemiology
7.
Ann Indian Acad Neurol ; 24(4): 632-634, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441253
8.
South Asian J Cancer ; 10(1): 23-27, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1371621

ABSTRACT

Introduction We document our data on the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection in cancer patients in an attempt to help optimize their management in India and globally. Material and Methods Between February 2020 and January 2021, participating oncologists from Pune (members of the Oncology Group of Pune) documented effect of COVID-19 infection in their cancer patients. Binomial logistic regression analysis as well as correlation analysis was done using Pearson Chi-square test to determine significance of clinical factors. Results A total of 29 oncologists from 20 hospitals contributed their data involving 147 cancer patients who developed COVID-19 infections. COVID-19 infection resulted in higher deaths (likelihood ratio of 4.4) amongst patients with hematological malignancies (12/44 = 27.2%) as compared with those with solid tumors (13/90 = 14.4%, p = 0.030). Patients with uncontrolled or progressive cancer (11/34 = 32.4%) when they got infected with COVID-19 had higher mortality as compared with patients whose cancer was under control (14/113 = 12.4%; p = 0.020). Complication of thromboembolic episodes (seen in eight patients; 5.4% cases) was associated with higher risk (25.6 times) of death (five-eighths; 62.5%) as compared with those who did not develop it (20/139;14.4%; p <0.001). Discussion Patients with cancer should be advised to take strict precautions to reduce the risk of being infected with COVID-19. They should also be given priority for COVID-19 vaccination. If infected with COVID-19, patients with hematological malignancy and uncontrolled cancer are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality. When they are being treated (OPD or inpatient basis), additional precautions are necessary to ensure their exposure to potential COVID-19 virus is minimized. If they get infected with COVID-19, they should be given aggressive treatment to prevent complications, especially thromboembolic episodes. If they develop any thromboembolic complication, their risk of dying are significantly higher, and management should be modified accordingly.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL