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Cytopathology ; 2022 Apr 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1794719

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with a wide range of disease patterns, ranging from mild to life-threatening pneumonia. COVID-19 can be associated with a suppressed immune response and/or hyperinflammatory state due to cytokine storm. Reduced immunity, combined with steroid usage to prevent cytokine storm along with various pre-existing co morbidities can prove to be a fertile ground for various secondary bacterial and fungal infection, including mucormycosis. Diagnosis of mucor is a challenging task given high negativity rate of various detection methods. While histopathology is considered the gold standard, the acquisition of necessary tissue biopsy specimens requires invasive procedures and is time consuming. METHOD: In this study various methods of mucor detection, like conventional cytopathology (CCP), liquid-based cytology (LBC, BD SurepathTM ), potassium hydroxide mount (KOH) preparation, culture and histopathology were analysed. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for various methods. RESULTS: This study showed that LBC has sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of 72.4%,100%,100% and 38.4% respectively. CONCLUSION: This study showed that, liquid-based cytology (LBC) can be a rapid and effective alternative to histopathology in mucor diagnosis.

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