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Fendler, Annika, Shepherd, Scott, Au, Lewis, Wilkinson, Katalin, Wu, Mary, Byrne, Fiona, Cerrone, Maddalena, Schmitt, Andreas, Joharatnam-Hogan, Nalinie, Shum, Ben, Tippu, Zayd, Rzeniewicz, Karolina, Boos, Laura, Harvey, Ruth, Carlyle, Eleanor, Edmonds, Kim, Rosario, Lyra Del, Sarker, Sarah, Lingard, Karla, Mangwende, Mary, Holt, Lucy, Ahmod, Hamid, Koreweg, Justine, Foley, Tara, Bazin, Jessica, Gordon, William, Barber, Taja, Emslie-Henry, Andrea, Xie, Wenyi, Gerard, Camille, Deng, Daqi, Wall, Emma, Agua-Doce, Ana, Namjou, Sina, Caidan, Simon, Gavrielides, Mike, MacRae, James, Kelly, Gavin, Peat, Kema, Kelly, Denise, Murra, Aida, Kelly, Kayleigh, O'Flaherty, Molly, Dowdie, Lauren, Ash, Natalie, Grounthoud, Firza, Shea, Robyn, Gardner, Gail, Murray, Darren, Kinnaird, Fiona, Cui, Wanyuan, Pascual, Javier, Rodney, Simon, Mencel, Justin, Curtis, Olivia, Stephenson, Clemency, Robinson, Anna, Oza, Bhavna, Farag, Sheima, Leslie, Isla, Rogiers, Aljosja, Lyengar, Sunil, Ethell, Mark, Messiou, Christina, Cunningham, David, Chau, Ian, Starling, Naureen, Turner, Nicholas, Welsh, Liam, As, Nicholas van, Jones, Robin, Droney, Joanne, Banerjee, Susana, Tatham, Kate, O'Brien, Mary, Harrington, Kevin, Bhide, Shreerang, Okines, Alicia, Reid, Alison, Young, Kate, Furness, Andrew, Pickering, Lisa, Swanton, Charles, Gandhi, Sonia, Gamblin, Steve, Bauer, David, Kassiotis, George, Kumar, Sacheen, Yousaf, Nadia, Jhanji, Shaman, Nicholson, Emma, Howell, Michael, Walker, Susanna, Wilkinson, Robert, Larkin, James, Turajlic, Samra.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-310349


CAPTURE (NCT03226886) is a prospective cohort study of COVID-19 immunity in patients with cancer. Here we evaluated 585 patients following administration of two doses of BNT162b2 or AZD1222 vaccines, administered 12 weeks apart. Seroconversion rates after two doses were 85% and 59% in patients with solid and hematological malignancies, respectively. A lower proportion of patients had detectable neutralizing antibody titers (NAbT) against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) vs wild-type (WT). Patients with hematological malignancies were more likely to have undetectable NAbT and had lower median NAbT vs solid cancers against both WT and VOCs. In comparison with individuals without cancer, patients with haematological, but not solid, malignancies had reduced NAb responses. Seroconversion showed poor concordance with NAbT against VOCs. Prior SARS-CoV-2 infection boosted NAb response including against VOCs, and anti-CD20 treatment was associated with undetectable NAbT. Vaccine-induced T-cell responses were detected in 80% of patients, and were comparable between vaccines or cancer types. Our results have implications for the management of cancer patients during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(9): 4816-4826, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1190139


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unparalleled changes to patient care, including the suspension of cancer surgery. Concerns regarding COVID-19-related risks to patients and healthcare workers with the re-introduction of major complex minimally invasive and open surgery have been raised. This study examines the COVID-19 related risks to patients and healthcare workers following the re-introduction of major oesophago-gastric (EG) surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an international, multi-centre, observational study of consecutive patients treated by open and minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy for malignant or benign disease. Patients were recruited from nine European centres serving regions with a high population incidence of COVID-19 between 1 May and 1 July 2020. The primary endpoint was 30-day COVID-19-related mortality. All staff involved in the operative care of patients were invited to complete a health-related survey to assess the incidence of COVID-19 in this group. RESULTS: In total, 158 patients were included in the study (71 oesophagectomy, 82 gastrectomy). Overall, 87 patients (57%) underwent MIS (59 oesophagectomy, 28 gastrectomy). A total of 403 staff were eligible for inclusion, of whom 313 (78%) completed the health survey. Approaches to mitigate against the risks of COVID-19 for patients and staff varied amongst centres. No patients developed COVID-19 in the post-operative period. Two healthcare workers developed self-limiting COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Precautions to minimise the risk of COVID-19 infection have enabled the safe re-introduction of minimally invasive and open EG surgery for both patients and staff. Further studies are necessary to determine the minimum requirements for mitigations against COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Health Personnel , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , SARS-CoV-2