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1.
Cureus ; 14(6), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1940040

ABSTRACT

Background and objective Several studies have indicated an escalation in the stress and anxiety levels among all sections of the population at large during the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In this challenging environment, meditation or yoga can help in maintaining the quality of life. This pilot study aimed to assess the willingness to practice meditation as a tool to manage anxiety, perceived stress levels, and psychological well-being (quality of life) during the COVID-19 pandemic in India. Materials and methods Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were employed to characterize the attitude of healthy Indian adults toward meditation as a stress management tool and its impact on psychological well-being. Primary data of 241 participants were collected using Google Forms circulated via email and social media platforms through the snowball sampling technique. The self-reported data on four different psychosocial scales, viz., for anxiety measurement [the Seven-Item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS)], for stress measurement [Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)], and to quantify well-being levels [the Five-Item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5)], along with those on their perception toward meditation were obtained. Results Our findings suggest that the anxiety and perceived stress scores are lower among those practicing some form of relaxation or meditation than those not practicing it, along with those who already report better psychological well-being and perceived stress. The bivariate results indicated that willingness to meditate among those who were practicing some form of meditation and those not mediating significantly differed based on their age, presence of comorbidities, and GAD and PSS levels. The multivariate logistic regression showed that only those individuals aged 35 years and above and those who have some comorbidity symptoms showed a significant level of willingness to opt for meditation. Conclusions In order to attain proper relief from psychological issues during a pandemic situation such as the current one, a more specific remedial module for meditation procedure needs to be devised as an intervention, and it should be kept in mind that age and comorbidity status also play a significant role with respect to individuals' attitude toward meditation as a tool for psychological relief.

2.
Indian Pediatr ; 2022 Jun 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1905135

ABSTRACT

This questionnaire-based study was conducted to assess screen-based media use during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in children (N=278) aged between 1 to 12 years. Television was the most common media available for use (246, 88.5%), and mobile was the next most commonly available media (230, 82.7%). Daily screen time exposure and use of television (P<0.001), computer/Laptop (P<0.001), and tablet (P=0.001) were significantly more common in those aged 5-12 years. Majority (214, 76.9%) were using screen-based media for educational purposes.

3.
Library Philosophy and Practice ; : 1-20, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1897715

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is considered as one of the most extraordinary disruptions, lifechanging situations that had taken the entire world to an uninterrupted standstill in 2020. The pandemic had brought radically transformed the functioning of the universities globally. In India, sudden lockdown caused a move from the physical classroom to virtual learning, affecting academic stress, anxiety, fear, helplessness, and life quality among university students. A total number of 212 students of library and information science from various universities in Haryana enrolled in the study. The cross-sectional study examines the student's socio-demographic data, attitudes towards academic stress, and adopting various coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data of 193 (91.04%) were analyzed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Nevertheless the study limitation, findings provided relevant data of academic stress and online education experience of the students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Students utilized various coping strategies to cope with academic stress to maintain life quality. Furthermore, university students are satisfied with the measure adopted by the Government to mitigate the risk of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study also suggested a plan to design of online learning structure, students' well-being, online stress management programs, and training of effective coping mechanisms that would support alleviating academic stress during a worldwide pandemic.

4.
Health Technol (Berl) ; 12(2): 547-568, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1885503

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic created a global health crisis affecting every nation. The essential smart medical devices/accessories, quarantine facilities, surveillance systems, and related digital technologies are in huge demand. Healthcare, manufacturing industries, and educational institutions need technologies that allow working from a safe location. Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools have the potential to fulfil these customized requirements during and post COVID-19 crisis. The purpose of this research is to provide understanding to healthcare professionals, government policymakers, researchers, industry professionals, academics, and students/learners of the paradigm of different Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 tools, and their applications during the COVID-19 pandemic. Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 tools and their current and potential applications have been reviewed. The use of different Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools is identified. Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools (3D Printing, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing, Autonomous Robot, Biosensor, Telemedicine service, Internet of Things (IoT), Virtual reality, and holography) offer opportunities for effective delivery of healthcare service(s), online education, and Work from Home (WFH) environment. The article emphasises the usefulness, most recent development, and implementation of Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 techniques, and tools in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide.

5.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series ; 2267(1):012137, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1877076

ABSTRACT

Yager was the first who developed the concept of Pythagorean fuzzy sets (PFSs) to tackle uncertainty and vagueness. PFSs is applicable when Intuitionistic fuzzy sets are not able to tackle the uncertainty in real life. In the present paper, based on the concept of Gini-Simpson Entropy, a Pythagorean fuzzy entropy measure is introduced under Pythagorean fuzzy environment. The maximality feature and monotonic behaviour of the developed information measure have been presented to satisfy some elegant mathematical properties which prepare the ground for applications in various disciplines. We extend the TODIM-Inferior ratio method for solving the (MCDM) multicriteria decision-making problems where the behaviour of experts, are taken into consideration. The proposed Pythagorean information measure has been established based on the different cases when weights are partially known. A real-life numerical example has been successfully illustrated to demonstrate the flexibility and efficacy of the developed method.

6.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-337217

ABSTRACT

Using the S&P green bond index (RSPGB), this study attempts to unravel the connectedness of the green bond with energy, crypto, and carbon markets. We use MAC global solar energy index (RMGS) and ISE global wind energy index (RIGW) as proxies of the energy market. In addition, we consider Bitcoin and the European energy exchange carbon index (REEX) for the cryptocurrency, and carbon market, respectively. Using the daily data from October 1, 2015, to December 13, 2021, of these constituent markets, we employ Diebold Yilmaz (2012), Barunik and Krehlik (2017), and wavelet coherence. The result reveals that the energy market (RMGS) has the highest connectedness derived from other asset classes, and bitcoin (RBTC) has the least connectedness. In addition, we note that risk transmission is heterogeneous in different scales as the short period has less connectedness than the medium and long run. Hence, the overall diversification opportunity among green bonds, energy stock, Bitcoin, and the carbon market is more in the short-run than in the medium and long-run. Surprisingly, there is no lead-lag relationship among these markets. This study provides insights to investors, policymakers, and portfolio managers.

7.
Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health ; : 101044, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1783224

ABSTRACT

Introduction Newer coexisting conditions should be identified in order to modify newer risk factors. Aim was to identify patients with non-classical or less common coexisting conditions in patients infected of COVID 19. Method Single centred study from June 2020 to May 2021 at a tertiary centre in North India. A preformed questionnaire was used to record clinical and laboratory parameters and to identify cases which are in addition to CDC list and Indian data. Results 0.67% (46) cases out of 6832 patients were identified to have non-classical coexisting illness. It was divided into 2 groups-infections A (60.1%) and non-infections B (39.9%). Group A included-tuberculosis- pulmonary (14.3%) & extra pulmonary (32.9%), bacterial (25.0%) viral infections [dengue, hepatitis B & C] (14.3%), HIV disease (10.7%) and malaria (3.6%). Group B included- organ transplant (27.8%), autoimmune [myasthenia gravis, polymyositis, psoriasis] (22.6%), haematologic [Haemophilia, ITP, Aplastic anaemia, APML, CML] (27.8%), uncommon malignancies [disseminated sacral chordoma and GTN] (11.1%) and snakebite (11.1%). Serum Procalcitonin was not helpful for diagnosis of bacterial infection in COVID-19 disease. Group A had significantly longer duration of illness, hepatitis and elevated CRP. The mortality in group A & B were 32.1% and 43.8% respectively. Death in non-severe COVID cases was in tetanus and snakebite. 30.7% death among tuberculosis patients. More than 70% of deaths were attributable to COVID 19 in both the groups. Conclusion In Indian settings, comorbidities like tuberculosis and bacterial infections can precipitate severe COVID 19 unlike other parts of the world where tuberculosis is relatively uncommon.

8.
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance ; : 100652, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1763799

ABSTRACT

Behavioral science has made a considerable contribution to finance. To gain an understanding of the scientific contributions emerging from all fields of finance with a behavioral perspective, this paper reviews the content of the major journal dedicated to behavioral finance, the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance (JBEF), since its foundation 8 years ago. For this purpose, we employ bibliometrics and content analysis to shed light on the publication trends and intellectual structure of the JBEF, obtaining numerous intriguing findings. First, the JBEF is still a young journal, and its numbers of publications and citations have grown significantly since its inception. Second, though there are contributions from all parts of the world, the United States is acknowledged as contributing the most to the JBEF. Diverse authors have contributed to the journal, but those affiliated with the University of Innsbruck and Macquarie University lead the list. Third, most of the studies have used the theoretical underpinnings of behavioral theory and prospect theory. Methodologically, most of the studies are empirical and primarily based on quantitative research designs, archival data and regression analysis. Fourth, the JBEF’s contributions concern eight intellectual clusters—namely personal characteristics and national cultures;psychological factors, financial literacy and robo-advising;investor sentiment and stock market volatility;asset market experiments;overconfidence and the disposition effects in the stock market;externalities (COVID-19) and financial markets;socially responsible investing;and herding behavior in financial markets. Finally, “behavioral finance” is the most prominently used author keyword in the JBEF’s publications, followed by “financial literacy” All in all, these findings should offer readers a retrospection of scholarly contributions from the JBEF.

9.
Health and Technology ; : 1-22, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1728090

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic created a global health crisis affecting every nation. The essential smart medical devices/accessories, quarantine facilities, surveillance systems, and related digital technologies are in huge demand. Healthcare, manufacturing industries, and educational institutions need technologies that allow working from a safe location. Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools have the potential to fulfil these customized requirements during and post COVID-19 crisis. The purpose of this research is to provide understanding to healthcare professionals, government policymakers, researchers, industry professionals, academics, and students/learners of the paradigm of different Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 tools, and their applications during the COVID-19 pandemic. Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 tools and their current and potential applications have been reviewed. The use of different Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools is identified. Digital technologies and Industry 4.0 tools (3D Printing, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing, Autonomous Robot, Biosensor, Telemedicine service, Internet of Things (IoT), Virtual reality, and holography) offer opportunities for effective delivery of healthcare service(s), online education, and Work from Home (WFH) environment. The article emphasises the usefulness, most recent development, and implementation of Digital technologies, Industry 4.0 techniques, and tools in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide.

10.
Finance Research Letters ; : 102728, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1709077

ABSTRACT

Scholars seek to understand the role of agents in physical commodity trading as vehicles of information. COVID-19 provides an opportunity to examine whether energy markets are better informed than equity markets. We evidence that Chinese equity markets were much slower than international energy markets to react to the economic gravity of the COVID-19 situation, with significantly increased co-movements among global energy markets occurring months prior to analogous co-movements in equity markets. Scholars and practitioners interested in the comparative price informativeness of energy versus equity markets will find our results of great interest.

11.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 10(12): 4611-4612, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1689977
12.
Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education ; 12(11):3604-3613, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1661410

ABSTRACT

In the era of challenges and irrespective of any education level, the education sector has attained new paradigm Post Covid19 situation. The school education as well as higher education has undergone a massive transformation due to the usage of New Media technology for formal as well as informal learning. The educators have to use any apply the never before used technologies and pedagogies. This study includes solution to the research question and testing of hypothesis related to the impact of New Media usage on the expected learning outcomes related to study. This was followed by hypotheses explained on the basis of Sub-hypotheses. These hypotheses pertain to the relationship between New Media usage and the expected learning outcomes.The exploratory research study titles as New Media usage and expected learning outcomes for Senior secondary school students is based on a Structural Equation Modelling(SEM) perspective using PLS-SEM analysis tool. The study also focuses on identifying expected learning outcomes in term of Academic and non-academic areas of school education based on the premises of developing holistic development. The expected impact explained in terms of the significant impact due to the usage of New Media technology and devices There is a significant impact due to New Media usage explained in terms of expected learning outcomes on the basis of Academic and non-Academic area. These learning outcomes factors are defined as Scholastic Gratifications, Academic Achievement, Confidence development, Social Wellbeing, Indoor Gaming, Virtual Learning, Learning by Modern Technology.

13.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 44(1): 25-32, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1626309

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has created a lot of turmoil in medical teaching, the magnitude of impact is many folds in the subject of anatomy, as it is practical based. A major challenge for anatomy teachers is to replicate the experience of practical exposures. These exposures range from cadaveric dissection to demonstration of bones, museum specimens, and histology slides, where they will have interactive communication with students, and thus help in the enhancement of communication and clinical skills among them. In recent days, anatomy teachers throughout the globe started using various advanced technology to make the teaching-learning session more interesting. In pre-pandemic era, usage of such advancements in information and communication technology was a 'choice'. But pandemic has changed the situation drastically, what was a 'choice' earlier is now an 'obligation.' Presently although infection rate is low, vaccination rate is high, most of the medical schools re-opened for usual offline teaching, still body donation is all time low making the situation 'back to square one'. Keeping such unprecedented situations in mind, we need to incorporate various innovative educational technologies in day-to-day teaching-learning methodologies.


Subject(s)
Anatomy , COVID-19 , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Students, Medical , Anatomy/education , Curriculum , Educational Technology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Teaching
14.
Logistics ; 5(4):80, 2021.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-1512473

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic-driven supply chain disruptions have pushed supply chain decision-makers in the retail industry to implement information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve the efficiency and resiliency of their supply chain. However, they need some guidance to identify the functional elements of the supply chain for ICT adoption and the benefits of implementing ICT on their supply chain performance. Methods: We conducted an empirical study that provides guidance on the performance benefits of ICT adoption specifically for the downstream supply chain of the retail industry. This study employed the feature engineering technique to prioritize the functional elements of the supply chain to maximize the benefits of ICT adoption on supply chain performance. Results: ICT adoption benefits the retail industry’s overall downstream supply chain performance in the range of 9–41%. Moreover, the study discovered the key functional elements of the supply chain for ICT adoption that significantly improve the overall supply chain performance. Conclusions: The study presents a definite view of the quantitative benefits of ICT adoption to the supply chain decision-makers of the retail industry and aids them in selecting appropriate functional elements for ICT adoption to maximize their supply chain performance.

15.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 10(8): 3161-3162, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1478276
16.
Indian Heart J ; 73(6): 674-681, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1471995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented increase in rates of stress and burn out among healthcare workers (HCWs). Heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be reflective of stress and burnout. The present study evaluated the prevalence of burnout and attempted to develop a HRV based predictive machine learning (ML) model to detect burnout among HCWs during COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Mini-Z 1.0 survey was collected from 1615 HCWs, of whom 664, 512 and 439 were frontline, second-line and non-COVID HCWs respectively. Burnout was defined as score ≥3 on Mini-Z-burnout-item. A 12-lead digitized ECG recording was performed and ECG features of HRV were obtained using feature extraction. A ML model comprising demographic and HRV features was developed to detect burnout. RESULTS: Burnout rates were higher among second-line workers 20.5% than frontline 14.9% and non-COVID 13.2% workers. In multivariable analyses, features associated with higher likelihood of burnout were feeling stressed (OR = 6.02), feeling dissatisfied with current job (OR = 5.15), working in a chaotic, hectic environment (OR = 2.09) and feeling that COVID has significantly impacted the mental wellbeing (OR = 6.02). HCWs with burnout had a significantly lower HRV parameters like root mean square of successive RR intervals differences (RMSSD) [p < 0.0001] and standard deviation of the time interval between successive RR intervals (SDNN) [p < 0.001]) as compared to normal subjects. Extra tree classifier was the best performing ML model (sensitivity: 84%) CONCLUSION: In this study of HCWs from India, burnout prevalence was lower than reports from developed nations, and was higher among second-line versus frontline workers. Incorporation of HRV based ML model predicted burnout among HCWs with a good accuracy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Burnout, Psychological , Electrocardiography , Health Personnel , Humans , India/epidemiology , Machine Learning , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Qualitative Research in Financial Markets ; 13(4):529-547, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1345827

ABSTRACT

PurposeThis study aims to explore changes in working capital management (WCM) practices in response to economic downturns, especially during the coronavirus pandemic.Design/methodology/approachThis study adopts an interpretative approach. This paper used semi-structured interviews with 2 finance directors and 13 top managers for data collection. This paper used thematic analysis for analysing the interview data.FindingsThe study findings suggest that the traditional ways of managing working capital may no longer be sufficient during a crisis. Instead, dynamic financing, trade credit policy and continuous staff training to develop new skills are alternative WCM practices to navigate the challenges of a crisis. Further, this paper finds that economic conditions, such as inflation rates, interest rates, exchange rates and government policy, negatively affect WCM.Practical implicationsThe study findings highlight practical issues that may help firms meet their present and future financing needs, manage their day-to-day operational activities and enhance performance, both operational and financial. The study is beneficial for regulators in understanding a firm’s constraints during crises and respond appropriately.Originality/valueThis is the first study, to the best of the knowledge that uses a qualitative approach to investigate the impact of economic downturns on WCM practices of firms. Thus, this study offers new insights into the fundamentals of WCM practices during crises.

18.
Evid Based Dent ; 22(2): 78-79, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1281701

ABSTRACT

Data sources A series of eight patients with active COVID-19 who also presented with associated oral lesions seen at a hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil provided the information in this report.Study selection The authors reported a case series with eight COVID-19 patients.Data extraction and synthesis Demographic information, hospitalisation details including signs, symptoms and severity of COVID-19, along with presence of anosmia, dysgeusia, ageusia and oral lesions from all eight patients were documented and reported by the authors.Results All eight patients in this report presented for medical care with well-established respiratory symptoms of COVID-19. These patients also presented with oral ulcers that resembled aphthous ulcers, of which some also had necrosis and haemorrhagic ulcerations. The time to onset ranged between two to ten days and duration lasted between 5-15 days. The painful ulcers were empirically managed using daily photobiomodulation (PBMT) therapy using a PBMT device (Twin Flex, MMOptics, Sao Carlos, Brazil).Conclusions Oral lesions may precede COVID-19 and progressively worse oral lesions are seen in severe COVID-19 patients. Some of these oral lesions also tend to occur early along with loss of taste and smell in some patients. Taken together, these oral manifestations could serve as early indication of COVID-19 and prompt referral for further testing is recommended.


Subject(s)
Ageusia , COVID-19 , Brazil , Humans , Mouth , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Radiother Oncol ; 161: 92-94, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1275667

ABSTRACT

Regardless of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, discovering a new salivary gland turned into all the rage among the medical fraternity. The significance of the disclosure has been correlated with its clinical relevance in radiotherapy of oropharyngeal carcinoma. However, there are views against this new revelation, owing to the lack of substantial evidence. We have endeavoured to illuminate Tubarial glands with potential shreds of evidence.


Subject(s)
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Parotid Gland/anatomy & histology , Salivary Glands/anatomy & histology , Humans
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