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1.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(10):6136, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871197

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the association of the multiple facets of oral, motor, and social functions in community-dwelling older adults, to identify factors that might influence the risk of frailty. Methods: Of the 82 participants included in the study, 39 (5 males and 34 females) were young-old adults, with an average age of 70.5 ± 2.8 years, and 43 (14 males and 29 females) were old-old adults, with an average age of 78.7 ± 2.9 years. We assessed the risk factors for frailty among oral, motor, and social functions. Results: Statistical analysis showed a significant difference in the oral diadochokinesis between the groups (p = 0.006). According to the Spearman correlation analysis, a significant association was observed with age and oral diadochokinesis (rs = −0.262, p = 0.018), and social support (rs = −0.219, p = 0.049). Moreover, binomial logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association of frailty with the occlusal force (odds ratio, 0.031;95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.002–0.430;p = 0.010), General Oral Health Index (odds ratio, 0.930;95% CI, 0.867–0.999, p = 0.046), and availability of social support (odds ratio, 0.803, 95% CI, 0.690–0.934, p = 0.004). Conclusions: To prevent frailty at an early stage, assessments of oral functions, and also that of the availability of social support, are important.

2.
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi ; 59(1): 58-66, 2022.
Article in Japanese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1733743

ABSTRACT

The present study is assessed the effects of COVID-19 on the mental and physical function after the declaration of an emergency situation, which included the request that residents refrain from going out, in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection. The investigation was conducted from 2019 to 2020. Our samples consisted of 506 older adults (332 people in 2019 and 174 people in 2020), whose physical, cognitive, depression, and independence in daily and social activities were measured annually. Furthermore, a questionnaire survey (COVID-19 questionnaire) on the impact of the spread of COVID-19 infection on respondents' daily lives (reduction in social interaction, going out, exercise, and sleep time) was conducted among participants in 2020. According to a statistical analysis, the UWS (Usual Walking Speed) was significantly faster in 2020 than it had been in 2019 (p<0.000). However, no significant differences were found in other items. A correlation analysis, revealed a significant association between the reduction in sleep time and GDS-15 (Geriatric Depression Scale) score (r=0.200, p=0.019) and between the COVID-19 questionnaire total score and body mass index (r=0.282, p=0.001).These results suggest that the decline in the physical and mental function might not have been evident in older adults in Akita Prefecture, where the number of infected people is small, although a more detailed long-term follow-up is needed. Even in such areas, there might be a significant relationship between depression and sleep or between changes in daily life due to self-imposed restraint and obesity as an effect of self-imposed restraint among older adults.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Depression , Exercise , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(2)2022 Jan 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1625376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent longitudinal studies have reported proportion of frailty transition in older individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our study aimed at clarifying the impact of social frailty in community-dwelling older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic and at identifying factors that can predict transition to social frailty. METHODS: We performed this study from 2019 (before declaration of the state of emergency over the rising number of COVID-19 cases) to 2020 (after declaration of the emergency). We applied Makizako's social frail index to our study subjects at the baseline and classified into robust, social prefrailty, and social frailty groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed using robust, social prefrailty, or social frailty status as dependent variable. RESULTS: Analysis by the Kruskal-Wallis test revealed significant differences in the score on the GDS-15 among the robust, social prefrailty, and social frailty groups (p < 0.05). Furthermore, multiple regression analysis identified a significant association between the social frailty status and the score on GDS-15 (odds ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.15-2.13; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The increase in the rate of transition of elderly individuals to the social frailty group could have been related to the implementation of the stay-at-home order as part of the countermeasures for COVID-19. Furthermore, the increased prevalence of depressive symptoms associated with the stay-at-home order could also have influenced the increase in the prevalence of social frailty during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Frailty , Aged , Depression/epidemiology , Frail Elderly , Frailty/epidemiology , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Independent Living , Pandemics , Registries , SARS-CoV-2
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