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Diabetes Metab ; 47(6): 101267, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1330743


AIM: - Patients with diabetes have increased morbidity and mortality from COVID-19. Case reports describe patients with simultaneous COVID-19 and diabetic acidosis (DKA), however there is limited data on the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of DKA in these patients. METHODS: - Patients with COVID-19 were identified from the electronic medical record. DKA was defined by standardized criteria. Proportional hazard regression models were used to determine risk factors for, and mortality from DKA in COVID-19. RESULTS: - Of 2366 patients admitted for COVID-19, 157 (6.6%) patients developed DKA, 94% of whom had antecedent type 2 diabetes, 0.6% had antecedent type 1 diabetes, and 5.7% patients had no prior diagnosis of diabetes. Patients with DKA had increased hospital length of stay and in-patient mortality. Higher HbA1c predicted increased risk of incident DKA (HR 1.47 per 1% increase, 95% CI 1.40-1.54). Risk factors for mortality included older age (HR 1.07 per 5 years, 95% CI 1.06-1.08) and need for pressors (HR 2.33, 95% CI 1.82-2.98). Glucocorticoid use was protective in patients with and without DKA. CONCLUSION: - The combination of DKA and COVID-19 is associated with greater mortality, driven by older age and COVID-19 severity.

COVID-19 , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Aged , COVID-19/mortality , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Humans
Annals of Surgery ; 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1234131


Objectives: To understand the impact that video telehealth has on outpatient visit volume and reimbursement as a method of maintaining care. Background: As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread across the United States starting in 2020, it caused numerous areas of medicine and healthcare to reexamine how we provide care to patients across all disciplines. One method clinicians used to rapidly adapt to these transformed settings was video telehealth, which was previously rarely used. Methods: This retrospective review examined outpatient volume and reimbursement data of a large, academic department of surgery. The study reviewed data during 2 time periods: pre-COVID-19 (February 1, 2020, to March 15, 2020) and COVID-19 (March 16, 2020, to April 30, 2020). Results: During the period of February 1 to April 30, 13,193 outpatient visits were analyzed. The pre-COVID-19 group contained 9041 (68.5%) visits, whereas the COVID-19 group contained 4152 (31.4%) visits. All divisions noted a drop in visit volume from pre-COVID-19 compared with COVID-19. There was rapid adoption of video telehealth during COVID-19, which made up most patient visits during that time (61.3%). We also found that video telehealth led to significant reimbursements while also allowing patients in numerous states to receive care. Conclusions: Previously, video telehealth was used by clinicians in a small portion of outpatient visits. However, safety concerns surrounding COVID-19 forced multiple changes to the way care is provided. Although outpatient volume at our center was less than that before the pandemic, video telehealth was rapidly adopted by providers and allowed for safe and effective outpatient care to patients in a high number of states while still being reimbursed at a high rate.