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Experimental & Clinical Transplantation: Official Journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation ; 20(Suppl 4):32-42, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2025256


Worldwide, India ranks number 2 and 3 for COVID-19 burden and absolute transplant numbers, respectively. Here, we summarized our single and multicenter Indian studies on solid-organ transplant during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, solid-organ transplants declined 40% to 50%. The mortality rate in COVID-19-positive kidney transplant recipients (11.6%) was lower in India compared with the developed world during the first wave and lower compared with maintenance hemodialysis patients (13% to 38%) but significantly higher compared with the nonimmunosuppressed general population (1% to 3%) in India. We contributed to National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization transplant-related guidelines to increase safety and access to solid-organ transplant. We reported the safety and feasibility of remdesivir (n = 57) and convalescent plasma therapy (n = 10) in kidney transplant recipients. We reported 100% patient and graft survival without any complications related to COVID-19 in a large cohort of kidney transplant recipients who recovered from COVID-19 (n = 372) and a large cohort of kidney transplant recipients of living donors (n = 31) who recovered from COVID-19 without any change in induction and maintenance immunosuppression. COVID-19 disease severity and mortality in the second episode (reoccurring infection) was higher (46%) compared with the first episode (11.6%). There was 4.4% incidence of COVID-19-associated mucormycosis in kidney transplant recipients with mortality of 46% in the second wave. We reported COVID-19 vaccine safety with suboptimal efficacy in kidney transplant recipients and dialysis patients compared with the general population. Our report suggested that transplant with carefully selected COVID-19-recovered donors and patients may be feasible and safe, at least over the short term. Continued research is needed on vaccine efficacy, booster doses, and long-term follow up sequelae.

Indian Journal of Transplantation ; 15(2):131-133, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1332217


The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) has previously published transplant-specific guidelines with reference to COVID-19.([1]) The mortality is higher in dialysis patients with COVID-19 (12%-30%) than posttransplant COVID-19 patients (11.3%) and both are higher than the general population (<2%) in India.([2-5]) With the resumption of the kidney transplant program in various parts of India, new issues are expected to occur. There is uncertainty, regarding the safety of performing kidney,([ 6-8]) liver,([9-12]) and lunge([13]) transplantation in a recipient recently recovered from COVID-19. At present, we have limited evidence-based information about safety and feasibility of kidney transplantation from living donors, who have recovered from COVID-19.([4]) Recently, Indian Multi-center cohort studies have reported successful kidney transplantation in recipients from living donors with a previous diagnosis of COVID-19.([15, 16])