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Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295888


Nowadays, much attention is paid to issues such as ecology and sustainability. Many consumers choose "green cosmetics", which are environmentally friendly creams, makeup, and beauty products, hoping that they are not harmful to health and reduce pollution. Moreover, the repeated mini-lock downs during the COVID-19 pandemic have fueled the awareness that body beauty is linked to well-being, both external and internal. As a result, consumer preferences for makeup have declined, while those for skincare products have increased. Nutricosmetics, which combines the benefits derived from food supplementation with the advantages of cosmetic treatments to improve the beauty of our body, respond to the new market demands. Food chemistry and cosmetic chemistry come together to promote both inside and outside well-being. A nutricosmetic optimizes the intake of nutritional microelements to meet the needs of the skin and skin appendages, improving their conditions and delaying aging, thus helping to protect the skin from the aging action of environmental factors. Numerous studies in the literature show a significant correlation between the adequate intake of these supplements, improved skin quality (both aesthetic and histological), and the acceleration of wound-healing. This review revised the main foods and bioactive molecules used in nutricosmetic formulations, their cosmetic effects, and the analytical techniques that allow the dosage of the active ingredients in the food.

Biological Products/therapeutic use , Cosmetics/chemistry , Cosmetics/therapeutic use , Food Ingredients , Green Chemistry Technology/methods , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Biological Products/pharmacology , Drug Compounding , Humans , Phytochemicals/analysis , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use , Skin/drug effects , Vitamins/analysis , Vitamins/pharmacology , Vitamins/therapeutic use
Microorganisms ; 9(7)2021 Jun 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1288956


Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), α- and ß-defensins, possess antiviral properties. These AMPs achieve viral inhibition through different mechanisms of action. For example, they can: (i) bind directly to virions; (ii) bind to and modulate host cell-surface receptors, disrupting intracellular signaling; (iii) function as chemokines to augment and alter adaptive immune responses. Given their antiviral properties and the fact that the development of an effective coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment is an urgent public health priority, they and their derivatives are being explored as potential therapies against COVID-19. These explorations using various strategies, range from their direct interaction with the virus to using them as vaccine adjuvants. However, AMPs do not work in isolation, specifically in their role as potent immune modulators, where they interact with toll-like receptors (TLRs) and chemokine receptors. Both of these receptors have been shown to play roles in COVID-19 pathogenesis. In addition, it is known that a healthy lifestyle accompanied by controlled physical activity can represent a natural weapon against COVID-19. In competitive athletes, an increase in serum defensins has been shown to function as self-protection from the attack of microorganisms, consequently a controlled physical activity could act as a support to any therapies in fighting COVID-19. Therefore, including information on all these players' interactions would produce a complete picture of AMP-based therapies' response.

Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(3)2021 01 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067744


Coronaviruses (CoVs) represent a large family of RNA viruses that can infect different living species, posing a global threat to human health. CoVs can evade the immune response, replicate within the host, and cause a rapid immune compromise culminating in severe acute respiratory syndrome. In humans, the immune system functions are influenced by physical activity, nutrition, and the absence of respiratory or cardiovascular diseases. This review provides an in-depth study between the interactions of the immune system and coronaviruses in the host to defend against CoVs disease.

COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diet , Exercise , Immune System , Respiratory Tract Diseases , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology