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Creative Cardiology ; 15(3):367-376, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20244945


Objective. To assess the relationship between the severity of COVID-19 in patients without significant baseline cardiovascular pathology and various echocardiographic parameters of myocardial dysfunction. Material and methods. 46 patients with COVID-19 were included in our study: 33 patients of moderate severity and 13 - with severe disease. On days 1 and 9 upon admission, all patients underwent an echocardiographic study with standard assessment of the both ventricles function, as well as an assessment of their global longitudinal strain (GLS). Comparison of the studied parameters was carried out both between groups of patients and within each group in dynamics. Results. On day 1patients in the severe group had higher values of the systolic gradient on the tricuspid valve (22.0 [21.0;26.0] vs 30.0 [24.0;34.5] mm Hg, p = 0.02), systolic excursion of the plane of the tricuspid ring (2.3 [2.1;2.4] vs 2.0 [1.9;2.2] mm, p = 0.016), E/e' ratio (9.5 [7.7;8.9] vs 7.5 [6.8;9.3], p = 0.03). At day 9 among patients in the severe group, there was a decrease in end-diastolic (111.0 [100.0;120.0] vs 100.0 [89.0;105.0] ml, p = 0.03) and of end-systolic (35.5 [32.0;41, 2] vs 28.0 [25.0;31.8] ml, p < 0.01) volumes of the left ventricle. There was a decrease in GLS of the both ventricles compared to general accepted values. In dynamics, there was an increase in the GLS of the right ventricle in both groups, but it was more pronounced among severe group of patients (day 1 -18.5 [-15.2;-21.1] vs -20.2 [-15.8.1;-21.1] %, p = 0.03). The troponin levels were in the normal range. Conclusion. In COVID-19 patients without significant baseline cardiovascular pathology, there is a transient decrease in longitudinal strain of both ventricles, even in the absence of clinical and laboratory signs of acute myocardial injury.Copyright © Creative Cardiology 2021.

Creative Cardiology ; 15(3):377-388, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20232600


Objective: Hypercoagulation and high incidence of thrombosis during COVID-19 is well established. However, there is a lack of data, how it changes over time. The main purpose of our study was to access different parts of hemostasis in few months after acute disease. Material and methods. Patients discharged from our hospital were invited for follow up examination in 2,3-3,8 (group 1 - 55 pts) or 4,6-5,7 months (group 2 - 45 pts) after admission. Control group (37 healthy adults) had been collected before pandemic started. Standard coagulation tests, aggregometry, thrombodynamics and fibrinolysis results were compared between groups. Result(s): D-dimer was significantly higher, and was APPT was significantly lower in group 2 compared to group 1, while fibrinogen, prothrombin levels didn't differ. Platelet aggregation induced by ASA, ADP, TRAP, spontaneous aggregation didn't differ significantly between groups. Thrombodynamics revealed hypocoagulation in both group 1 and group 2 compared to control: V, mum/min 27,3 (Interquartile range (IQR) 26,3;29,4) and 28,3 (IQR 26,5;30,1) vs. 32,6 (IQR 30,4;35,9) respectively;all p < 0,001. Clot size and density in both group 1 and group 2 were significantly lower than in control group. Fibrinolysis appeared to be enhanced in x2 compared to control and group 1. Lysis progression, %/min was higher: 3,5 (2,5;4,8) vs. 2,4 (1,6;3,5) and 2,6 (2,2;3,4) respectively, all p < 0,05. Lysis onset time in both group 1 and group 2 was significantly shorter compared to control. Conclusion(s): We revealed normalization of parameters of clot formation process in 2-6 months after COVID-19, while fibrinolysis remained still enhanced. Further study is required to investigate the clinical significance of these changes.Copyright © Creative Cardiology 2021.