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3.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol ; 2022 Mar 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1756550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reported chemosensory dysfunction in a study cohort of subjects who developed a mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the period from January 17, 2022, to February 4, 2022 (Omicron proxy period) and compared that with a historical series of patients testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection between March and April, 2020 (comparator period). METHODS: Prospective study based on the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Tool (SNOT-22), item "sense of smell or taste" and additional outcomes. RESULTS: Patients' characteristics and clinical presentations of COVID-19 were evaluated and compared in 779 patients, 338 of the study cohort and 441 of the historical series. The prevalence of self-reported chemosensory dysfunction during the proxy Omicron period (32.5%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 27.6-37.8) was significantly lower from that during the comparator period (66.9%; 95% CI, 62.3-71.3) (p < 0.001). Nearly one-quarter of patients (24.6%; 95% CI, 20.1-29.5) reported an altered sense of smell during the proxy Omicron period compared to 62.6% (95% CI, 57.9-67.1) during the comparator period (p < 0.001). Similarly, the prevalence of an altered sense of taste dropped to 26.9% (95% CI, 22.3-32.0) during the proxy Omicron period from 57.4% (95% CI, 52.6-62.0) during the comparator period (p < 0.001). The severity of chemosensory dysfunction was lower in the proxy Omicron period compared to the comparator period (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The prevalence and the severity of COVID-19-associated smell and taste dysfunction has dropped significantly with the advent of the Omicron variant but it still remains above 30%.

4.
J Neuroradiol ; 49(4): 329-332, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1740062

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Olfactory dysfunction (OD) has been reported with a high prevalence on mild to moderate COVID-19 patients. Previous reports suggest that volume and signal intensity of olfactory bulbs (OB) have been reported as abnormal on acute phase of COVID-19 anosmia, but a prospective MRI and clinical follow-up study of COVID-19 patients presenting with OD was missing, aiming at understanding the modification of OB during patients'follow-up. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study was conducted including 11 COVID-19 patients with OD. Patients underwent MRI and psychophysical olfactory assessments at baseline and 6-month post-COVID-19. T2 FLAIR-Signal intensity ratio (SIR) was measured between the average signal of the OB and the average signal of white matter. OB volumes and obstruction of olfactory clefts (OC) were evaluated at both evaluation times. RESULTS: The psychophysical evaluations demonstrated a 6-month recovery in 10/11 patients (90.9%). The mean values of OB-SIR significantly decreased from baseline (1.66±0.24) to 6-month follow-up (1.35±0.27), reporting a mean variation of -17.82±15.20 % (p<0.001). The mean values of OB volumes significantly decreased from baseline (49.22±10.46 mm3) to 6-month follow-up (43.70±9.88 mm3), (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: Patients with demonstrated anosmia reported abnormalities in OB imaging that may be objectively evaluated with the measurement of SIR and OB volumes. SIR and OB volumes significantly normalized when patient recovered smell. This supports the underlying mechanism of a transient inflammation of the OB as a cause of Olfactory Dysfunction in COVID-19 patients.

5.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 279(7): 3563-3567, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1739320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to appreciate the tolerance and convenience of a new FFP2 mask allowed the realization of nasal examination in period of pandemic. METHODS: Fifty-one patients were prospectively recruited from two European hospitals to test the FFP2 mask prototype. The following outcomes were evaluated in patients after the clinical examination: fear about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection; easiness of mask placement; tolerability; reassurance; and overall satisfaction about the use of this kind of mask in a pandemic context. Seven otolaryngologists evaluated the mask acceptance and usefulness in patients through a standardized physician-reported outcome questionnaire. RESULTS: Fifty patients completed the evaluation. There were 25 males and 25 females. The mean age of patients was 41 years. Ninety percent of patients considered that the use of the mask reduced the risk to be infected during the examination. Seventy percent of patients reported high or very high satisfaction and should recommend mask to other patients in pandemic period. The realization of nasal examination was easier with optic compared with flexible trans-nasal examination (p = 0.001), which significantly impacted the satisfaction level of physician (p = 0.001). The physician difficulty to perform the examination significantly impacted the satisfactory of patient (p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: The new bioserenity FFP2 mask allows the realization of the trans-nasal endoscopic examination during a pandemic. The use of this mask requires little training period of physician. The use of this mask prototype is well received by patients who reported better perception of self-protection against the virus.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Male , Masks , Otolaryngologists , Pandemics/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Life (Basel) ; 12(2)2022 Jan 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1625852

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: Persistent olfactory (POD) and gustatory (PGD) dysfunctions are one of the most frequent symptoms of long-Coronavirus Disease 2019 but their effect on the quality of life (QoL) of patients is still largely unexplored. (2) Methods: An online survey was administered to individuals who reported to have had SARS-CoV-2 infection at least 6 months prior with persisting COVID-19 symptoms (using the COVID symptom index), including ratings of POD and PGD, and their physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) components of quality of life were assessed using the standardized short form 12 questionnaire (SF-12). (3) Results: Responses from 431 unique individuals were included in the analyses. The most frequent persistent symptoms were: fatigue (185 cases, 42.9%), olfactory dysfunction (127 cases, 29.5%), gustatory dysfunction (96 cases, 22.3%) and muscle pain (83 cases, 19.3%). Respondents who reported persisting muscle pain, joint pain, fatigue, headache, gastrointestinal disturbances, and dyspnea had significantly worse PCS. Those experiencing persistent fatigue and dyspnea also showed significantly lower MCS. Respondents reporting POD or PGD showed significantly worse QoL, but only pertaining to the MCS. Multiple regressions predicted MCS based on olfactory and marginally on gustatory ratings, but not PCS. Age significantly affected the prediction of PCS but not MCS, and gender and temporal distance from the COVID-19 diagnosis had no effect. (4) Conclusions: POD and PGD are frequent symptoms of the long-COVID-19 syndrome and significantly reduce QoL, specifically in the mental health component. This evidence should stimulate the establishment of appropriate infrastructure to support individuals with persistent CD, while research on effective therapies scales up.

11.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; : 1945998211061511, 2021 Nov 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1528640

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this multicenter case-control study was to evaluate a group of patients at least 1 year after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with Sniffin' Sticks tests and to compare the results with a control population to quantify the potential bias introduced by the underlying prevalence of olfactory dysfunction (OD) in the general population. The study included 170 cases and 170 controls. In the COVID-19 group, 26.5% of cases had OD (anosmia in 4.7%, hyposmia in 21.8%) versus 3.5% in the control group (6 cases of hyposmia). The TDI score (threshold, discrimination, and identification) in the COVID-19 group was significantly lower than in the control group (32.5 [interquartile range, 29-36.5] vs 36.75 [34-39.5], P < .001). The prevalence of OD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 group, confirming that this result is not due to the underlying prevalence of OD in the general population.

12.
Laryngoscope ; 132(2): 419-421, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1527451

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical profile of patients who developed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) after full vaccination. Demographic, epidemiological and clinical data were collected through medical records and online patient-reported outcome questionnaire from patients who developed symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, confirmed by nasopharyngeal swab, at least 2 weeks after completion of vaccination. A total of 153 subjects were included. The most frequent symptoms were: asthenia (82.4%), chemosensory dysfunction (63.4%), headache (59.5%), runny nose (58.2%), muscle pain (54.9%), loss of appetite (54.3%), and nasal obstruction (51.6%). Particularly, 62.3% and 53.6% of subjects reported olfactory and gustatory dysfunction, respectively. Symptom severity was mild or moderate in almost all cases. Chemosensory dysfunctions have been observed to be a frequent symptom even in subjects who contracted the infection after full vaccination. For this reason, the sudden loss of smell and taste could continue to represent a useful and specific diagnostic marker to raise the suspicion of COVID-19 even in vaccinated subjects. In the future, it will be necessary to establish what the recovery rate is in these patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 132:419-421, 2022.


Subject(s)
Ageusia/epidemiology , Anosmia/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19/physiopathology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Ageusia/virology , Anosmia/virology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Smell/drug effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Taste/drug effects , Vaccination
13.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 25(4): e610-e615, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1493301

ABSTRACT

Introduction Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has represented a major challenge for healthcare systems worldwide, changing the habits of physicians. A reorganization of healthcare activity has been necessary, limiting surgical activity to essential cases (emergencies and oncology), and improving the distribution of health resources. Objective To analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on head and neck cancer surgery management in Spain. Methods A cross-sectional study, through an anonymous and voluntary online survey distributed to 76 Spanish otorhinolaryngology departments. Results A total of 44 centers completed the survey, 65.9% of which were high-volume. A total of 45.5% of them had to stop high-priority surgery and 54.5% of head and neck surgeons were relocated outside their scope of practice. Surgeons reported not feeling safe during their usual practice, with a decrease to a 25% of airway procedures. A total of 29.5% were "forced" to deviate from the "standard of care" due to the epidemiological situation. Conclusions Approximately half of the departments decreased their activity, not treating their patients on a regular basis, and surgeons were reassigned to other tasks. It seems necessary that the head and neck surgeons balance infection risk with patient care. The consequences of the reported delays and changes in daily practice should be evaluated in the future in order to understand the real impact of the pandemic on the survival of head and neck cancer patients.

14.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; : 1-2, 2021 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1491385
15.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211044770, 2021 Sep 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1438188
18.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211033125, 2021 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1381199

ABSTRACT

Post-vaccine olfactory and gustatory disorders are very rare and were reported in patients who received influenza vaccines. In this article, we report 6 cases of post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine olfactory and gustatory disorders in patients with negative nasal swabs. Precisely, olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions were reported in 5 and 1 patients, respectively. Sense disorders occurred after the first injection of AstraZeneca (n = 4) or the second injection of Pfizer (n = 2) vaccines. In 4 cases, the olfactory or gustatory disorder was confirmed with psychophysical evaluations. The duration of chemosensory dysfunction ranged from 4 to 42 days. None of the patient reported mid- or long-term olfactory or gustatory disorder. The occurrence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions in adults benefiting from COVID-19 vaccines is still rare but has to be known by otolaryngologists.

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