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1.
Humanities and Social Sciences Letters ; 10(2):127-138, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879715

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the social processes confronted during the COVID-19 pandemic, arguing that social problems should be primarily analyzed to utilize public health policies. The theoretical framework concerns social attitudes of behavior, emotion, and cognition (BEC) and social attribution types of inner and outer crossed by temporal and permanent, as proposed by Weiner (1974). A quasi-experiment research design was processed using a questionnaire which included personal identities designed by between-subject of 221 people sampled, and items of social attitudes profiles and attribution types designed by within-subject of 27 conditions. Factor analysis expounded that all the items be grouped into 8 independent components that corresponded to the items constructed to be evaluated as a successful design. Analyzing within-subject variables, BEC of social attitudes as health, medical, faith, and risk and mental symptoms except that of political were highly negative skewed in distributions. Each of BEC was individualized to compose the related social attitudes. For attribution types, the permanent ones of personal, governmental, and religious, but not medical, were attributed to the epidemic. This study suggested that social attitudes of BEC were adapted to the pandemic and that attribution should be regarded primarily to make policies efficient for public health. © 2022 Conscientia Beam. All Rights Reserved.

2.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Research in Early Childhood Education ; 16(2):275-291, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879691

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the experiences and perceptions of distance learning among early childhood pre-service teachers in Korea during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has been spreading worldwide since early 2020. A total of 196 early childhood pre-service teachers with experience in distance learning participated in the survey, and the results of the survey are as follows. While early childhood pre-service teachers perceived a difference between face-to-face (inperson) classes and distance learning, they expressed a high willingness to take part in distance learning in the post-COVID-19 era. Convenience and usefulness were mentioned as key advantages of distance learning, while difficulties in interaction and concentration were emphasised as disadvantages. To improve the quality of distance learning in the future, they suggested that students should increase participation, while instructors should strengthen their distance learning-related capabilities and universities should enhance support through system development. The implications of this study were discussed based on these results. © 2022. by THE PACIFIC EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION RESEARCH ASSOCIATION

3.
European Journal of Science and Theology ; 18(3):83-96, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877058

ABSTRACT

Korea was liberated from Japan in 1945, but the war continued when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950. After the war until the early 1970s, many people in South Korea suffered from hunger because there was not enough food;in particular, many sick people wandered around the streets and lived as beggars and social outcasts. At that time, Dr. Herbert Codington, a medical missionary sent from the Southern Presbyterian denomination in the United States, contributed greatly to the fight against tuberculosis and other diseases in South Korea. At the heart of his Christian spirituality was a strong affirmation of Jesus’ message that a person needs to be both spiritually and physically healthy in order to lead a whole, meaningful life. To this end, he preached the Gospel, while at the same time receiving minimal medical treatment himself and offering free treatment to poor Korean patients. His ideas about medical treatment at the time shocked Korean society, yet today, the South Korean government is still following his medical practices in many ways. This study will show that his medical ideas are very efficient in helping to deal with huge epidemics, such as Covid-19. © 2022, Ecozone, OAIMDD. All rights reserved.

4.
Annals of global health ; 88(1), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1871193

ABSTRACT

Background: Resource limited settings have an ongoing need for access to quality emergency care. The World Health Organization – International Committee of the Red Cross Basic Emergency Care (BEC) course is one mechanism to address this need. Training of BEC trainers has been challenging due to barriers including cost, travel logistics, scheduling, and more recently, social distancing regulations related to the coronavirus pandemic. Objective: We seek to determine if an online virtual format is an effective way to train additional trainers while overcoming these barriers. Methods: The BEC Training-of-Trainers (ToT) course was adapted to a virtual format and delivered entirely online. Participants were assessed with a multiple choice pre- and post-test and completed a course feedback form upon completion. Results from the virtual course were then compared to the results from an in-person ToT course. Findings: The in-person course pre- and post-tests were completed by 121 participants with a pre-test mean of 87% (range 60–100%) and a post-test mean of 95% (range: 75–100;p < 0.05). Virtual course pre- and post-tests by 27 participants were analyzed with a pre-test mean of 89% (range 75–100%) and a post-test mean of 96% (range: 79–100;p < 0.05). No difference in test improvements between the courses was detected (z = –0.485;p = 0.627). The course feedback was completed by 93 in-person participants and 28 virtual participants. Feedback survey responses were similar for all questions except for course length, with in-person participant responses trending towards the course being too long. Conclusions: A virtual format BEC ToT course is effective, feasible, and acceptable. When compared to an in-person course, no difference was detected in nearly all metrics for the virtual format. Utilizing this format for future courses can assist in scaling both the BEC ToT and, by extension, the BEC course globally, particularly in regions facing barriers to in-person training.

5.
A Research Agenda for Workplace Stress and Wellbeing ; : 211-233, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1871106

ABSTRACT

The broad risks and drastic changes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic pose various psychosocial and physical challenges, which can affect the health and well-being of employees and the organizations they work for. This chapter builds on research undertaken in support of the Canadian military to provide timely insight into how people may react during and after the crisis, and how organizational leaders can support their personnel through it. We took a pragmatic approach in reviewing the scientific literature and available data that (in)directly relates to the COVID-19 pandemic, and we distilled the information to a manageable set of recommendations deemed relevant to the organizational context. Our review yielded considerations in several key areas, including (a) impacts of disasters, (b) impacts of COVID-19 on work life, and (c) on family life, (d) (non-)compliance with public health directives, (e) reintegration into the workplace, and (f) crisis communication and management. Although certain organizations (e.g., military/public safety), may be well-prepared to manage the effects of the crisis (e.g., with a workforce that is trained for and experienced in dealing with stressful and ambiguous situations), our review suggests that some workers, regardless of organizational affiliation, may be particularly susceptible to its negative effects based on their perceptions, demographic characteristics, personal or financial circumstances, family dynamics, pre-existing health conditions, and the nature of their work. In this chapter, we discuss the various risk factors and offer evidence-informed recommendations for how organizational leaders might mitigate the potential harmful and enduring effects of COVID-19 and future crises, and we offer a research agenda to address critical knowledge gaps. © E. Kevin Kelloway and Sir Cary Cooper 2021. Crown Copyright is retained for Chapter 12.

6.
Frontiers in Marine Science ; 9:13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1869379

ABSTRACT

Unprecedented retardation of spring water temperature rising during the 2020 pandemic year was identified in the Socheongcho Ocean Research Station within the northeastern basin of the Yellow Sea: an exceptionally high water temperature anomaly in March and a contrasted low-temperature anomaly in May. The slowest temperature evolution was principally caused by the significant increase in latent heat releases in April (117% higher than the climatology of 1982-2019). Strong northwesterly winds generated these exceptional heat fluxes associated with the dipole-like atmospheric circulation pattern over Siberia and the East Sea (Japan Sea). Besides, warm winter water facilitated the enhanced release of latent heat fluxes as a precondition. The oceanic heat redistribution partially supported the cold anomaly in the surface layer up to the middle of May through positive feedback between the low surface temperature and the active entrainment associated with tidal turbulent mixing. The resultant low temperature at the surface weakened the vertical stratification, both impeding the activation of phytoplankton's photosynthesis albeit under the eutrophic surface layer, consequently resulting in the delayed and suppressed spring bloom during 2020. Since such extreme events are anticipated to occur more frequently under global warming, our results highlight the importance of continuously monitoring multi-disciplinary environmental conditions, climate extremes, and their impact on the Yellow Sea marine ecosystem.

7.
Nursing Research ; 71(3):S39-S40, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1866063
8.
Korea Observer ; 53(1):105-133, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856657

ABSTRACT

This study examines the relationship between the changes in the number of the COVID-19 confirmed cases and presidential approval ratings by using cases of infectious disease prevention management in Korea. Linking the pandemic quarantine with presidential approval, we apply a time-series spillover analysis to the daily poll data on Korean presidential approval ratings. The findings demonstrate that Moon's presidential approval ratings tend to rise with the health crisis caused by the spread of the COVID-19, because the public evaluating the countermeasures against the COVID-19 of Moon's administration are likely to support Moon when the issue of the COVID-19 is salient. We also find that changes in presidential approval ratings due to the fluctuations in the number of confirmed cases are not consistent but differentiated depending on the period, because of the fatigue of people with the pandemic.

10.
Journal of Breast Imaging ; : 10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853109

ABSTRACT

Objective Evaluate women's anxiety and experience undergoing screening mammography during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods An IRB-approved anonymous survey was administered to women receiving screening mammography across six sites in the U.S. and Singapore from October 7, 2020, to March 11, 2021. Using a 1-5 Likert scale, women rated their pre- and post-visit anxiety regarding having their mammogram during the COVID-19 pandemic, importance of observed COVID-19 precautions, and personal risk factors for breast cancer and severe COVID-19 illness. Post-visit change in anxiety was evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations of pre-visit anxiety with breast cancer and COVID-19 risk factors. Results In total, 1086 women completed the survey. Of these, 59% (630/1061) had >1 breast cancer risk factor;27% (282/1060) had >1 COVID-19 risk factors. Forty-two percent (445/1065) experienced pre-visit anxiety. Pre-visit anxiety was independently associated with risk factors for severe COVID-19 (OR for >2 vs 0 risk factors: 2.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-3.76) and breast cancer (OR for >2 vs 0 risk factors: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.17-2.50), after adjusting for age and site. Twenty-six percent (272/1065) of women reported post-visit anxiety, an absolute 16% decrease from pre-visit anxiety (95% CI: 14%-19%, P < 0.001). Provider masking (941/1075, 88%) and physical distancing (861/1085, 79%) were rated as the most important precautions. Conclusion Pre-visit anxiety was associated with COVID-19 or breast cancer risk factors and declined significantly after screening mammography. Provider masking and physical distancing were rated the most important precautions implemented by imaging clinics.

11.
Epidemiology ; 70(SUPPL 1):S268, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1854023

ABSTRACT

Background: Homebound patients have difficulty leaving home to access care and experience poor health outcomes. Little is known about how homebound patients were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess how the pandemic impacted homebound patients. Methods: We surveyed patients in our home-based primary care service with the Coronavirus Impact Scale (CIS). The CIS asks about personal, immediate family member, extended family member and/or close friend's diagnosis of COVID-19 and about changes in routines, family income/employment, food access, medical health care access, mental health treatment access, access to extended family and nonfamilial social support, experiences of stress related to the coronavirus pandemic, and stress and discord in the family. These changes are rated on a scale of none (0), mild (1), moderate (3), severe (4), and the sum of these changes is reported as the impact score, which can range from 0 (no change across 8 areas) to 24 (severe change across 8 areas). Those participants who returned the survey were eligible for a $5 gift card. Results: Of the ∼835 patients we surveyed, 77 (9.2%) responded, and 47 (61%) represented racial and ethnic minority groups. Only 8 (10%) were personally diagnosed with COVID-19, 18 (23%) had an immediate family member diagnosed with COVID-19, and 29 (38%) had an extended family member and/or close friend diagnosed with COVID-19. Overall impact scores ranged from 0 to 20 with an average of 6.4 ± 5.7. Routines and access to extended family and non-family social support were most impacted. Average impact score was not significantly different between men and women (t75=1.01;p=0.32), across living situation (F3,72=0.33;p=0.81), across marital status (F3,71=0.31;p=0.81), or between patients <65 and ≥ 65 years old (t67=1.50;p=0.13). In the free response section, patients reported increased prices for medical supplies like gloves and wipes and less access to religious services and transportation. Conclusions: On average, the homebound patients were only mildly to moderately impacted by the pandemic and unlikely to be diagnosed with COVID-19, possibly due to their isolation prior to the pandemic. This is consistent with a previous study which qualitatively interviewed homebound older adults and noted that they were more insulated from the changes associated with the pandemic.

12.
Epidemiology ; 70(SUPPL 1):S229-S230, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1854003

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cognitive decline in the elderly is a diagnostic challenge - one that must consider numerous differential diagnoses, including dementia. Given the profound impact of one's cognition on functional status and quality of life, early recognition of reversible and treatable causes of cognitive decline, especially when it occurs at a rate faster than expected, is critical. Case Presentation: An 86-year-old female was admitted from long-term care for a 2-week history of cognitive decline, hypoxia, and vomiting that began after receiving the second dose of the COVID vaccine. Her past medical history was significant for dementia, right middle cerebral artery stroke, benign left parietal neoplasm under surveillance, and pulmonary emboli. Investigations for her hypoxia were unremarkable;thus, it was thought to be due to aspiration from emesis. Initially, the patient's cognitive decline was presumed to be secondary to her dementia, which has been progressive for the past 5 years, leading to her eventual admission to long-term care. However, it was highlighted that the patient's cognition rapidly declined in a period of weeks. Despite her dementia, at baseline, the patient could engage in full conversations. However, over the past few weeks, the patient could only communicate with a few words and became newly dependent with ADLs. The patient was not delirious, given the non-fluctuating cognitive decline with normal attention and level of consciousness. Laboratory studies, including TSH and vitamin B12, were normal. CT Brain was completed given patient's history of parietal neoplasm, demonstrating a new left occipital lobe lesion with vasogenic edema. The patient was started on dexamethasone given the size of the lesion and edema. With this, her cognition significantly improved over days, allowing the patient to be involved in the decision-making of her care. Unfortunately, the patient had an aspiration event during her admission. As per her wishes, she was discharged to long-term care with symptom-focused, comfort care. Discussion: In this case, we discuss our approach to cognitive decline and highlight the importance of maintaining a broad differential, even in the face of known dementia. Finding reversible causes of cognitive decline can not only improve quality of life, but as seen in our patient, it can allow individuals to participate in meaningful decisions regarding their goals of care.

13.
12th International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC) - Beyond the Pandemic Era with ICT Convergence Innovation ; : 1847-1849, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853466

ABSTRACT

Body temperature measurement is one of the simple, yet effective ways to diagnose a variety of diseases, and its importance is growing in the era of COVID-19. In this paper, we show feasibility of measuring body temperature using a COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf) mobile device. To this end, we utilize the battery temperature sensor embedded in most COTS mobile devices, and analyze how the battery temperature varies according to different temperatures of an external object that makes contact with the target mobile device (e.g., a hand holding the device). Our approach makes it possible to estimate the external object's temperature within 0.5 degrees C of accuracy, by (i) data collection of the battery temperature variation for some pairs of the initial battery temperature and the target object temperature, (ii) virtual data generation for the other pairs, and (iii) temperature estimation via classification of the collected data and generated ones.

14.
12th International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC) - Beyond the Pandemic Era with ICT Convergence Innovation ; : 486-489, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853462

ABSTRACT

This paper proposes virtual reality content for non-face-to-face job education and job experience With the development of digital devices and communication technology, online communities are emerging, and people's lifestyles are also changing. Recently, due to COVID-19, telecommuting and online classes through video conferencing programs have been conducted, and they have also begun to be used for interviews. However, job training and hands-on activities other than classes after employment were mainly conducted offline, and virtual reality content was devised for non-face-to-face job education and job experience First, it was developed for the purpose of job experience, and content was produced under the theme of horticulture artists who are not well recognized as jobs but perform familiar tasks. It was configured similarly to the natural environment with the aim of rapid adaptation of users. In addition, heart rate data through heart rate sensors were used to induce intensive participation in the content of users and to elicit emotional stability.

15.
12th International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC) - Beyond the Pandemic Era with ICT Convergence Innovation ; : 1205-1207, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853461

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses the system for visual assistance assistant non-face-to-face activity assistance services to help blind and blind people with visual information during their daily lives. We would like to provide a limited number of helpers to help more people through non-face-to-face services. In addition, we would like to minimize the mutual anxiety between the blind and the helper in offline face-to-face activities due to pandemics such as COVID-19. The proposed system uses raspberry pie-based optician aids and WebRTC streaming technology to help visually impaired people check videos taken through aids in real time through streaming and translate videos. In addition, by allowing voice calls to be made so that visually impaired people can communicate well in situations where they ask for help, the visually impaired can only receive help at the moment they need it in real time. This is expected to contribute to the efficient use of time and manpower to assist more visually impaired people. As a follow-up study, we would like to study how the function of spectacle-type aids can be added to assist blind people in doing more activities independently.

16.
12th International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC) - Beyond the Pandemic Era with ICT Convergence Innovation ; : 1750-1753, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853460

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome virus (SARS-CoV-2), known as COVID-19, has brought untold hardship and deaths all over the world. Individuals affected by COVID-19 often experience respiratory difficulties along with fever, cough, and other symptoms. Social distancing and self-quarantine are strongly suggested by researchers to avoid the exponential spread of the disease. The ultra-wideband (UWB) sensor has recently offered remote monitoring and capturing respiratory signs by ensuring privacy. In this work, a UWB sensor is employed to observe the movement and respiration of a home-quarantined person for fourteen days. After collecting the information in real-time, a deep learning (DL) approach, the long-term short memory (LSTM) framework is further applied to detect the breathing and movement patterns. The experimental result depicts that the framework accomplished 99.93% accuracy with 2 misclassification costs. The proposed application shows promising possibilities into the Internet of medical things (IoMT), smart home health care support system (ShHeS), and practical use in COVID-19 pandemic emergency.

17.
12th International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC) - Beyond the Pandemic Era with ICT Convergence Innovation ; : 440-445, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853455

ABSTRACT

As most countries relax restrictions on lockdown and social activities returns due to massive response to COVID-19 vaccination, there is need to put in place a universally acceptable technological innovation that can checkmate and enforce compliance to avoid resurgence of another deadly wave as witnessed previously. Combining vaccination effort with disruptive technology for compliance enforcement is an unarguable panacea. This paper presents an IT-convergence solution that fuses disruptive technologies to distinguish between vaccinated and non-vaccinated individuals in real-time and initiate strict and appropriate compliance directives and consequent denial of access to certain places. The proposed design is a fusion of facial recognition, mask wearing detection technology using Yolov5 deep learning model, network-based vaccination record management application, biometric feature-based vaccination status validation, and compliance enforcement in real-time. The system achieved 99.5% accurate detection and 100% real-time authentication with less computational complexities. This innovation guarantees intuitive monitoring of vaccination progress and curtailment of COVID-19 spread through compliance enforcement.

19.
2022 zh Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, zh EA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1846559

ABSTRACT

Evoker is a narrative-based facial expression game. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents should be wearing masks in their daily lives. However, wearing masks disturbs emotional interaction through facial expressions, which is a critical component in emotional development. Therefore, a negative impact on adolescent emotional development is predicted. To solve this problem, we design a narrative-based game Evoker that uses real-time facial expression recognition. In this game, players are asked to identify an emotion from narrative contexts in missions, and make a facial expression appropriate for the context to clear the challenges. Our game provides an opportunity to practice reading emotional contexts and expressing appropriate emotions, which has a high potential for promoting emotional development of adolescents. © 2022 Owner/Author.

20.
Embase; 2022.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-335138

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 continues to represent a global health emergency as a highly transmissible, airborne virus. An important coronaviral drug target for treatment of COVID-19 is the conserved main protease (Mpro). Nirmatrelvir is a potent Mproinhibitor and the antiviral component of Paxlovid™. The significant viral sequencing effort during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic represented a unique opportunity to assess potential nirmatrelvir escape mutations from emerging variants of SARS-CoV-2. To establish the baseline mutational landscape of Mproprior to the introduction of Mproinhibitors, Mprosequences and its cleavage junction regions were retrieved from ∼4,892,000 high-quality SARS-CoV-2 genomes in GISAID. Any mutations identified from comparison to the reference sequence (Wuhan-hu-1) were cataloged and analyzed. Mutations at sites key to nirmatrelvir binding and protease functionality (e.g., dimerization sites) were still rare. Structural comparison of Mproalso showed conservation of key nirmatrelvir contact residues across the extended Coronaviridae family (alpha-, beta-, and gamma-coronaviruses). Additionally, we showed that over time the SARS-CoV-2 Mproenzyme remained under purifying selection and was highly conserved relative to the spike protein. Now, with the EUA approval of Paxlovid and its expected widespread use across the globe, it is essential to continue large-scale genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 Mproevolution. This study establishes a robust analysis framework for monitoring emergent mutations in millions of virus isolates, with the goal of identifying potential resistance to present and future SARS-CoV-2 antivirals.

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