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Am J Disaster Med ; 17(1): 23-39, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1975199


OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in prehospital presentations of critical medical and trauma conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic using prehospital and emergency department (ED) care activations. METHODS: Observational analysis of ED care activations in a tertiary, urban ED between March 10, 2020 and September 1, 2020 was compared to the same time periods in 2018 and 2019. ED care activations for critical medical conditions were classified based on clinical indication: undifferentiated medical, trauma, or stroke. MAIN OUTCOME: The primary outcomes were the number of patients presenting from the prehospital setting with specified ED activation criteria, total ED volume, ambulance arrival volume, and volume of COVID-19 hospital admissions. Locally weighted scatterplot smoothing curves were used to visually display our results. RESULTS: There were 1,461 undifferentiated medical activations, 905 stroke activations, and 1,478 trauma activations recorded, representing absolute decreases of 11.3, 28.1, and 20.3 percent, respectively, relative to the same period in 2019, coinciding with the declaration of a public health emergency in Connecticut. For all three types of presentation, post-peak spikes in activations were observed in early May, approximately two weeks after our health system in Connecticut reached its peak number of COVID-19 hospitalizations-eg, undifferentiated medical activations: increase in 280 percent, n = 140 from 2019, p < 0.0001-and declined thereafter, reaching a nadir in early June 2020. CONCLUSIONS: After the announcement of public health measures to mitigate COVID-19, ED care activations declined in a large Northeast academic ED, followed by post-peak surges in activations as COVID- 19 cases decreased.

COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Services , Stroke , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 26(1): 33-38, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-922645


BACKGROUND: Limited early results indicate that the COVID-19 outbreak has had a significant impact on the mental health of children and adolescents. Pediatric emergency departments (PED) play a pivotal role in the identification, treatment, and coordination of care for children with mental health disorders, however, there is a dearth of literature evaluating the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health care provision in the PED. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether changes in frequency or patient demographics among children and adolescents presenting to the PED has occurred. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at the Yale New Haven Children's Hospital (YNHCH) PED. Data representing the early COVID-19 pandemic period was abstracted from the electronic medical record and compared using descriptive statistics to the same time period the year prior. Patient demographics including patient gender, ED disposition, mode of arrival, race-ethnicity, and insurance status were assessed. RESULTS: During the pandemic period, 148 patients presented to the YNHCH PED with mental health-related diagnoses, compared to 378 in the pre-pandemic period, a reduction of 60.84%. Compared to white children, black children were 0.55 less likely to present with a mental health condition as compared to the pre-pandemic study period (p = 0.002; 95% CI 0.36-0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Children with mental and behavioral health disorders who seek care in PEDs may be at risk for delayed presentations of mental health disorders. African American children may be a particularly vulnerable population to screen for mental health disorders as reopening procedures are initiated and warrants further study.

COVID-19 , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Hospitals, Pediatric , Length of Stay/trends , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Adolescent , Black or African American/psychology , Black or African American/statistics & numerical data , Child , Child, Preschool , Connecticut/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hispanic or Latino/psychology , Hispanic or Latino/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infant , Insurance, Health , Male , Mental Disorders/ethnology , SARS-CoV-2 , Sex Factors , White People/psychology , White People/statistics & numerical data