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1.
Future Virol ; 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526740

ABSTRACT

Aim: COVID-19 is a major threat to public health worldwide. A large proportion of COVID-19 patients is proved to develop anemia. Herein, we investigate the association between anemia and severe pneumonia. Materials & methods: 137 of COVID-19-confirmed patients admitted to Wuhan Union Hospital (Wuhan, China) from 13 February to 17 March 2020 were included. Their clinical characteristics and laboratory data were studied, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: The anemic patients were less likely to develop fever in the early stage of COVID-19. Elevated IL-6 levels were found in anemic COVID-19 patients compared with those without anemia. COVID-19 patients with anemia had an 8.2 times greater possibility of developing severe pneumonia compared with their counterparts without anemia. Conclusion: This study comprehensively describes the clinical characteristics of anemic patients with ordinary, severe and critical COVID-19 and demonstrates the close relationship between the anemia and severe COVID-19.

2.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 16: 1195-1201, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1160230

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The low sensitivity and false-negative results of nucleic acid testing greatly affect its performance in diagnosing and discharging patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Chest computed tomography (CT)-based evaluation of pneumonia may indicate a need for isolation. Therefore, this radiologic modality plays an important role in managing patients with suspected COVID-19. Meanwhile, deep learning (DL) technology has been successful in detecting various imaging features of chest CT. This study applied a novel DL technique to standardize the discharge criteria of COVID-19 patients with consecutive negative respiratory pathogen nucleic acid test results at a "square cabin" hospital. Patients and Methods: DL was used to evaluate the chest CT scans of 270 hospitalized COVID-19 patients who had two consecutive negative nucleic acid tests (sampling interval >1 day). The CT scans evaluated were obtained after the patients' second negative test result. The standard criterion determined by DL for patient discharge was a total volume ratio of lesion to lung <50%. Results: The mean number of days between hospitalization and DL was 14.3 (± 2.4). The average intersection over union was 0.7894. Two hundred and thirteen (78.9%) patients exhibited pneumonia, of whom 54.0% (115/213) had mild interstitial fibrosis. Twenty-one, 33, and 4 cases exhibited vascular enlargement, pleural thickening, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy, respectively. Of the latter, 18.8% (40/213) had a total volume ratio of lesions to lung ≥50% according to our severity scale and were monitored continuously in the hospital. Three cases had a positive follow-up nucleic acid test during hospitalization. None of the 230 discharged cases later tested positive or exhibited pneumonia progression. Conclusion: The novel DL enables the accurate management of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and can help avoid cluster transmission or exacerbation in patients with false-negative acid test.

3.
Chin J Acad Radiol ; : 1-8, 2021 Feb 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1099019

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it had rapidly spread to the whole world and seriously threatened the global health. Imaging examination plays an important role in the clinical diagnosis of this disease, which leads to the high infection risk of the medical staff in the radiology department. In this review, the authors thoroughly summed up the experience in the management and operation of radiology department and shared their experience of the protective and control strategies and work plan during the epidemic, including but not limited to the management framework of the radiology department, the environment and layout in the department, the requirements for protection of different posts and the equipment, as well as the essential diagnosis of COVID-19. It is worth noting that the main goal of the radiology department in every country is to complete the radiology examination safely and make an accurate diagnosis of COVID-19 patients. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s42058-021-00055-5.

4.
Radiat Med Prot ; 1(2): 75-80, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-548181

ABSTRACT

Since the COVID-19 outbreak, diagnostic imaging has been providing valuable radiological support for disease diagnosis and prognosis prediction. Radiological staff, especially radiographers working on the front line in the battle against the COVID-19 outbreak. They are in direct contact with the patients, bearing the responsibility and pressure of both the infection prevention and control and the radiation protection. A number of relevant professionals and experts reached a consensus, which clarifies the detailed implementing rules with respective to infection control and protection of the radiation workers, disinfection of diagnostic radiology equipment and workplace, and radiological protection. The aim is to further normalize the clinical procedures of radiological staff, reduce the infection risk, especially the radiation risk to medics and patients.

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