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Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation ; 40(4):S143-S143, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1187477
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation ; 40(4, Supplement):S143, 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1141791


Purpose Data on outcomes in lung transplant recipients with SARS-CoV-2 infection remains limited. Given the potential higher COVID-19 severity in lung recipients, the Agence de la biomedecine has limited the transplant program to patients with high-urgency status during the first epidemic wave. The program has been fully restored where possible during the second epidemic wave. This study aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 on lung recipient mortality in France. Methods All lung recipients with COVID-19 reported in the French national registry CRISTAL between February 1st and September 30th 2020 were included in the study. Patient characteristics were extracted from CRISTAL. Cumulative number of cases by month since February (Figure 1) and case fatality rate (CFR) were calculated. Mortality rates from February to September in the whole 2019 and 2020 recipient cohorts were compared. Survival curves were estimated using Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Results Of the 46 patients (median age (IQR) 51 years (39-60), 54% female, median time from transplantation 3.5 years (0.8-7.1)) 88% required hospitalization including 21% in ICU. Eight patients died (CFR: 17.4%). No difference in 3-month survival was observed between 2020 and 2019 recipient cohorts (98.6% 95%CI [98.0%-99.0%] vs 98.4% [97.8%-98.8%], respectively) (Figure 2). Conclusion COVID-19 was associated with lower fatality rate in lung recipients than in other organ transplant recipients and did not result in an excess mortality. These findings suggest that continuing lung transplant activity during the COVID-19 pandemic was a reasonable option.