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Front Nutr ; 9: 843938, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1792995


Background: A strict lockdown was enforced during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in many countries including the UAE. Lockdown period overlapped with Ramadan which is accompanied by its own drastic changes in lifestyle that include meal timings. Aims: We report the impact of COVID-19 lockdown (between 22/3/2020 and 24/6/2020) on glucose control pre- and postlockdown and during Ramadan, in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) on insulin therapy. Methods: A number of twenty-four patients (19 men, 6 women) who were monitoring their glucose levels using flash glucose monitoring (FGM) and remotely connected to the diabetes clinic in Imperial College London Diabetes Centre (ICLDC), Abu Dhabi, UAE were included. Using the international consensus on the use of continuous glucose monitoring guidelines, analyses of data were performed on glucose management indicator (GMI), time in range (TIR), time in hyperglycemia, time in hypoglycemia, low blood glucose index (LBGI) and high blood glucose index (HBGI). Variables were calculated for each period: 30 days before lockdown 14/2/2020-14/3/2020, 30 days into lockdown and pre-Ramadan 20/3/2020-18/4/2020, and 30 days into lockdown and Ramadan 24/4/2020-23/5/2020, using cgmanalysis package in R-studio software. Results: Mean average glucose (MAG) remained steady before and during lockdown, and no significant differences were observed in TIR, time in hypoglycemia, and LBGI between prelockdown and lockdown periods. However, there was a statistically significant difference in GMI and percentage of time in hyperglycemia (>10.0 mmol/L) between Ramadan and pre-Ramadan during the lockdown period in p = 0.007, 0.006, and 0.004, respectively. Percentage of TIR (3.9-10.0 mmol/L) was significantly lower in Ramadan as compared to pre-Ramadan (50.3% vs. 56.1%; p = 0.026). Mean absolute glucose (MAG) (182.0 mmol/L vs. 166.6 mmol/L, p = 0.007) and HBGI (10.2 (6.8, 14.8) vs. 11.9 (7.9, 17.8), p = 0.037) were significantly higher in Ramadan compared to pre-Ramadan period. There was no statistically significant difference in percentage of time in hypoglycemia (<3.9 mmol/L) and LBGI between Ramadan and pre-Ramadan periods. Conclusion: The lockdown period had no significant effects in the markers of glycemic control in the population studied. However, Ramadan fasting period embedded within this time was associated with several changes that include increase in GMI, HBGI, and glycemic variability similar to what has been reported in other Ramadan studies.

Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 787761, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1603363


Efforts in the fight against COVID-19 are achieving success in many parts of the world, although progress remains slow in other regions. We believe that a syndemic approach needs to be adopted to address this pandemic given the strong apparent interplay between COVID-19, its related complications, and the socio-structural environment. We have assembled an international, multidisciplinary group of researchers and clinical practitioners to promote a novel syndemic approach to COVID-19: the CArdiometabolic Panel of International experts on Syndemic COvid-19 (CAPISCO). This geographically diverse group aims to facilitate collaborative-networking and scientific exchanges between researchers and clinicians facing a multitude of challenges on different continents during the pandemic. In the present article we present our "manifesto", with the intent to provide evidence-based guidance to the global medical and scientific community for better management of patients both during and after the current pandemic.

Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1348669


American singer-writer and visual artist Bob Dylan produced the song "The Times They Are a-Changin" in the 1960s, which became a rallying cry for the civil rights and anti-war movements in that decade [...].

COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , United States