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J Virol Methods ; 290: 114036, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1164156


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by infection with a novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2), has led to escalating morbidity and mortality in all nations and cities. SARS-CoV-2 lies within the same coronavirus family as SARS-CoV (2003) and MERS-CoV (2012), though there are genetic and epidemiological differences between the viruses, as well as different clinical presentations in the patients. Despite this, Hong Kong has so far managed to control the pandemic very successfully. Here we offer a Hong Kong perspective on different aspects of the pandemic virus (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease : public health (diagnosis and control), food safety (reducing transmission in the workplace) and animal vectors (controlling potential reservoirs of the virus and their movements).

COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Animals , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , Disease Reservoirs/virology , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Food Safety , Hong Kong/epidemiology , Humans , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2
Hong Kong Med J ; 2021 Mar 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1145707


The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may result in acute respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure, necessitating mechanical respiratory support. Healthcare professionals are exposed to a particularly high risk of contracting the virus while providing resuscitation and respiratory support, which may in turn result in grave consequences and even death. Although COVID-19 has been shown to cause milder disease in children, paediatricians and intensivists who provide care for children must be prepared to provide optimal respiratory support without putting themselves or other medical, nursing, and paramedical staff at undue risk. We propose an airway management approach that is especially relevant in the current COVID-19 pandemic and provides instructions for: (1) Elective intubation for respiratory failure; and (2) Emergency intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. To minimise risk, intubation methods must be kept as straightforward as possible and should include the provision of appropriate personal protection and equipment to healthcare workers. We identify two key considerations: that bag-mask ventilation should be avoided if possible and that bacterial and viral filters should be placed in the respiratory circuit. Our novel approach provides a framework for airway management that could benefit paediatric critical care practitioners who provide care for any children with a novel viral illness, with a focus on infection prevention during high-risk airway management procedures.

Hong Kong Med J ; 26(1): 78-79, 2020 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-3395