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Chemotherapy ; 2021 Dec 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1555821


BACKGROUND: Antibody response following SARS-CoV2 vaccination is somewhat defective in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Moreover, the correlation between serologic response and status of cellular immunity has been poorly studied. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess humoral immune and cellular responses to the BNT162b2 messenger RNA (mRNA) COVID-19 vaccination in CLL. METHODS: The presence of the spike antibodies was assessed at a median time of 14 days from the second vaccine dose of SARS-CoV2 in 70 CLL followed-up at a single institution. RESULTS: The antibody response rate (RR) in CLL patients was 58.5%, compared to 100% of 57 healthy controls of the same sex and age (P< 0.0001). Patients treatment-naïve and those in sustained clinical remission after therapy had the highest RR (87.0% and 87.7%, respectively). In contrast, patients on therapy with a pathway inhibitor as monotherapy and those treated with an association of anti-CD20 antibody were unlikely to respond to the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (52% and 10%, respectively). In multivariate analysis, early Rai stage (OR, 0.19 [0.05-0.79]; P=0.02) and no previous therapy (OR, 0.06[0.02-0.27]; P<0.0001) were found to be independent predictors of vaccination response. An increase in absolute NK cells (i.e., CD16/CD56 positive cells) in patients with a serological response was found following the second dose of vaccine (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm that serological response to the BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with CLL is impaired. A third boosting vaccine dosage should be considered for these patients.

Br J Haematol ; 196(3): 559-565, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1462747


Limited information is available on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the management of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The Campus CML network collected retrospective information on 8 665 CML patients followed at 46 centres throughout Italy during the pandemic between February 2020 and January 2021. Within this cohort, we recorded 217 SARS-CoV-2-positive patients (2·5%). Most patients (57%) were diagnosed as having SARS-CoV-2 infection during the second peak of the pandemic (September 2020 to January 2021). The majority (35%) was aged between 50 and 65 years with a male prevalence (73%). Fifty-six percent of patients presented concomitant comorbidities. The median time from CML diagnosis to SARS-CoV-2 infection was six years (three months to 18 years). Twenty-one patients (9·6%) required hospitalization without the need of respiratory assistance, 18 (8·2%) were hospitalized for respiratory assistance, 8 (3·6%) were admitted to an intensive care unit, while 170 (78%) were only quarantined. Twenty-three percent of patients discontinued tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy during the infection. Twelve patients died due to COVID-19 with a mortality rate of 5·5% in the positive cohort and of 0·13% in the whole cohort. We could also document sequelae caused by the SARS-CoV-2 infection and an impact of the pandemic on the overall management of CML patients.

COVID-19 , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/mortality , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate