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1.
BMJ Leader ; 4:A73, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956884

ABSTRACT

Background Several studies have shown that new medical graduates feel unprepared for their role as clinicians. In October 2019 Salisbury District Hospital (SDH) piloted a successful 'hold-the-bleep' simulation day for 5th year Southampton medical students. In March 2020, in response to COVID-19, medical students were given early registration. The majority of FiY1s had not received or missed out on formal bleep training due to graduating early. Methodology Over 2 days 8 FiY1s were issued with a bleep for a half-day period, continuing normal daily tasks whilst being bleeped for phone advice or to assess a simulated patient. 4 clinical stations and 4 phone calls were designed to simulate roles of FY1s with SIM-Man simulating the patients. Immediate feedback was recorded and generic themes discussed at a structured session, discussing what went well or was challenging. Each FiY1 completed a feedback for assessing confidence and wrote a reflective piece. Results Feedback was qualitatively and quantitatively positive. All found the SIM session useful and would recommend it. 7 of 8 candidates had a numerical increase in confidence in managing and prioritising calls. Conclusions and recommendations The stations addressed communication skills, prioritisation, clinical and practical skills, and drug prescribing. The improvement in FiY1s confidence and skills is likely to lead to improved patient outcome and satisfaction. Faculty who role played, reported an improvement in the trainees' performance. These results are similar to those from Liverpool and previous bleep SIM sessions we held at SDH.

2.
European Stroke Journal ; 7(1 SUPPL):572, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1928145

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Hyperglycaemia in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) is common, reduces the efficacy of stroke thrombolysis and thrombectomy, with worse clinical outcomes. Insulin therapies are difficult to implement and maintain, and may cause symptomatic hypoglycaemia. An alternative treatment is Exenatide, a GLP-1 agonist that lowers blood glucose with a very low risk of hypoglycaemia. Methods: The Trial of Exenatide in Acute Ischaemic Stroke (TEXAIS) enrolled adult patients with AIS ≤9 hours of stroke onset to receive treatment with short-acting Exenatide (5μg bid subcutaneous injection) or Standard care for 5 days, or until hospital discharge (whichever sooner).Primary outcome: proportion of patients with ≥8 point improvement in NIHSS score (or NIHSS 0-1) at 7 days. Results: 350 patients randomised, median age 71 years (IQR 62, 79), and median NIHSS 4 (IQR 2, 8). Planned recruitment (n=528) stopped early due to Covid and time constraints. On Admission the median blood glucose was 6.7 (IQR 5.70, 8.50), and 42% patients had hyperglycaemia (>7.0 mmol/L). Primary outcome occurred in 97/171 (56.7%) in Standard care group vs 104/170 (61.2%) in Exenatide group [aOR: 1.22 (CI 0.79, 1.88) p=0.38]. Mean daily per-patient frequency of hyperglycaemia was significantly less in the Exenatide group (p=0.002). No episodes of hypoglycaemia reported over the treatment period. Nausea/vomiting occurred in 7/174 (4.0%) patients on Exenatide. Conclusions: In this Phase 2 trial Exenatide did not significantly reduce neurological disability at 7 days. Exenatide significantly reduced frequency of hyperglycaemic events, and was safe to use. These results warrant further investigation with larger Phase 3 trials.

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