Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 98
Filter
1.
Environmental Research ; 212:113297, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1796872

ABSTRACT

Meteorological factors have been confirmed to affect the COVID-19 transmission, but current studied conclusions varied greatly. The underlying causes of the variance remain unclear. Here, we proposed two scientific questions: (1) whether meteorological factors have a consistent influence on virus transmission after combining all the data from the studies;(2) whether the impact of meteorological factors on the COVID-19 transmission can be influenced by season, geospatial scale and latitude. We employed a meta-analysis to address these two questions using results from 2813 published articles. Our results showed that, the influence of meteorological factors on the newly-confirmed COVID-19 cases varied greatly among existing studies, and no consistent conclusion can be drawn. After grouping outbreak time into cold and warm seasons, we found daily maximum and daily minimum temperatures have significant positive influences on the newly-confirmed COVID-19 cases in cold season, while significant negative influences in warm season. After dividing the scope of the outbreak into national and urban scales, relative humidity significantly inhibited the COVID-19 transmission at the national scale, but no effect on the urban scale. The negative impact of relative humidity, and the positive impacts of maximum temperatures and wind speed on the newly-confirmed COVID-19 cases increased with latitude. The relationship of maximum and minimum temperatures with the newly-confirmed COVID-19 cases were more susceptible to season, while relative humidity's relationship was more affected by latitude and geospatial scale. Our results suggested that relationship between meteorological factors and the COVID-19 transmission can be affected by season, geospatial scale and latitude. A rise in temperature would promote virus transmission in cold seasons. We suggested that the formulation and implementation of epidemic prevention and control should mainly refer to studies at the urban scale. The control measures should be developed according to local meteorological properties for individual city.

2.
J Evid Based Med ; 15(1): 30-38, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Qingjin Yiqi granules (QJYQ) on post-COVID-19 condition (PCC). METHOD: Patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to two groups, the QJYQ group received QJYQ combined with standard rehabilitation treatments (SRTs) and the control group only received SRTs. The treatment course was 14 days. The primary outcomes were modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale and Borg scale, while the secondary outcomes included symptoms score and 6-minute walking distance (6MWD). The safety outcome was the incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 388 patients with PCC were enrolled and randomly assigned to the QJYQ group (n = 194) and the control group (n = 194). Compared to the controls, the mMRC scale was improved in the QJYQ group, which was better than that of the control group [ß (95%CI): -0.626 (-1.101, -0.151), p = 0.010]. A significant improvement in Borg scale was also observed in the QJYQ group compared to the control group [ß (95%CI): -0.395(-0.744, -0.046), p = 0.026]. There was no statistically significant difference in symptoms score and 6MWD between the two groups (p = 0.293, p = 0.724). No treatment-related adverse events were observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: QJYQ can bring benefits to patients with PCC, mainly in the improvement of breathlessness and fatigue.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Contemp Clin Trials ; : 106758, 2022 Apr 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1773152

ABSTRACT

In clinical trials with the objective to evaluate the treatment effect on time to recovery, such as investigational trials on therapies for COVID-19 hospitalized patients, the patients may face a mortality risk that competes with the opportunity to recover (e.g., be discharged from the hospital). Therefore, an appropriate analytical strategy to account for death is particularly important due to its potential impact on the estimation of the treatment effect. To address this challenge, we conducted a thorough evaluation and comparison of nine survival analysis methods with different strategies to account for death, including standard survival analysis methods with different censoring strategies and competing risk analysis methods. We report results of a comprehensive simulation study that employed design parameters commonly seen in COVID-19 trials and case studies using reconstructed data from a published COVID-19 clinical trial. Our research results demonstrate that, when there is a moderate to large proportion of patients who died before observing their recovery, competing risk analyses and survival analyses with the strategy to censor death at the maximum follow-up timepoint would be able to better detect a treatment effect on recovery than the standard survival analysis that treat death as a non-informative censoring event. The aim of this research is to raise awareness of the importance of handling death appropriately in the time-to-recovery analysis when planning current and future COVID-19 treatment trials.

4.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-331690

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic has created a worldwide public health emergency, and there is an urgent need to develop an effective antiviral drug to control this severe infectious disease. Here, we found that the E, or M membrane proteins of coronavirus could be targeted by a 28-residue antibody mimetic by fusing two antibody Fab complementarity-determining regions (VHCDR1 and VLCDR3) through a cognate framework region (VHFR2) of the antibodies which recognize the coronavirus E or M proteins. We constructed a fusion protein, pheromonicin-covid-19 (PMC-covid-19), by linking colicin Ia, a bactericidal molecule produced by E.coli which kills target cells by forming a voltage-dependent channel in target lipid bilayers, to that antibody mimetic. The E, or M protein/antibody mimetic interaction initiated the formation of irreversible PMC-covid-19 channel in the covid-19 envelope and infected host cell membrane resulting in leakage of cellular contents. PMC-covid-19 demonstrates broad-spectrum protective efficacy against tested variants of coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome (p<0.01-0.0001). PMC-covid-19 significantly altered outcomes of in vivo fatal covid-19 challenge infection without evident toxicity, making it an appropriate candidate for further clinical evaluation.

5.
Viruses ; 14(3)2022 02 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1765944

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is the major pathogen that causes diarrhea and high mortality in newborn piglets, with devastating impact on the pig industry. To further understand the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of PEDV field strains, in this study the complete genomes of four PEDV variants (HN2021, CH-HNYY-2018, CH-SXWS-2018, and CH-HNKF-2016) obtained from immunized pig farms in central China between 2016 to 2021 were characterized and analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis of the genome and S gene showed that the four strains identified in the present study had evolved into the subgroup G2a, but were distant from the vaccine strain CV777. Additionally, it was noteworthy that a new PEDV strain (named HN2021) belonging to the G2a PEDV subgroup was successfully isolated in vitro and it was further confirmed by RT-PCR that this isolate had a large natural deletion at 207-373 nt of the ORF3 gene, which has never been reported before. Particularly, in terms of pathogenicity evaluation, colostrum deprivation piglets challenged with PEDV HN2021 showed severe diarrhea and high mortality, confirming that PEDV HN2021 was a virulent strain. Hence, PEDV strain HN2021 of subgroup G2a presents a promising vaccine candidate for the control of recurring porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) in China. This study lays the foundation for better understanding of the genetic evolution and molecular pathogenesis of PEDV.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Swine Diseases , Vaccines , Animals , China/epidemiology , Diarrhea , Phylogeny , Swine , Virulence
6.
Sustainability ; 14(7):4022, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-1762434

ABSTRACT

This study explores the optimization method of emergency popular science information design elements in public health events, breaks through the traditional design with the designer as the subjective consciousness and proposes an emergency popular science information design method oriented by perceptual narrative. First, relevant research on public health events was carried out to screen out and analyze relevant narrative information elements and image elements, and narrative element divergence tree was established to show evaluation indicators. Second, relevant personnel were invited to evaluate the importance and kansei engineering, factor analysis and other methods were used to establish the correlation evaluation indicators of narrative elements. Finally, the optimization narrative elements of popular science information design were calculated with the fuzzy evaluation method to provide an effective auxiliary role for the visualization design of emergency popular science information. Taking 'COVID-19 Event';as an example, the narrative design practice of emergency popular science elements was carried out. According to 313 effective questionnaires, the satisfaction of 'COVID-19 event';popular science information elements that adopt the optimization method is relatively high, which verifies the feasibility of this method. The conclusion proves that the perceptual narrative design method can obtain the perceptual identity from the audience and plays a positive role in disseminating emergency popular science information.

7.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1762433

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the necessity of Covid-19 vaccination in children aged < 12 y by comparing the clinical characteristics between unvaccinated children aged < 12 y and vaccinated patients aged ≥ 12y during the Delta surge (B.1.617.2) in Putian, Fujian, China. Methods A total of 226 patients with SARS-Cov-2 Delta variant (B.1.167.2;confirmed by Real-time PCR positivity and sequencing) were enrolled from Sep 10th to Oct 20th, 2021, including 77 unvaccinated children (aged < 12y) and 149 people aged ≥ 12y, mostly vaccinated. The transmission route was explored and the clinical data of two groups were compared;The effect factors for the time of the nucleic acid negativization (NAN) were examined by R statistical analysis. Results The Delta surge in Putian spread from children in schools to factories, mostly through family contact. Compared with those aged ≥ 12y, patients aged < 12y accounted for 34.07% of the total and showed milder fever, less cough and fatigue;they reported higher peripheral blood lymphocyte counts [1.84 (1.32, 2.71)×10

8.
Am J Mens Health ; 16(1): 15579883221074816, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1704337

ABSTRACT

With the global epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the increasing number of infections, little is known about how SARS-CoV-2 affects the male reproductive system during infection or after recovery. Based on the existing research data, we reviewed the effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the male reproductive system and discussed its possible mechanism of action. SARS-CoV-2 enters host cells through the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)/transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) pathway, and males are more susceptible than females. After infection, immunopathological damage is noticed in the testicles, and the semen index is significantly reduced. Second, abnormalities of serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) levels were also observed, suggesting that there may be dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. Even after recovery, the effect of SARS-CoV-2 on the male reproductive system can last for at least a period. There are still many unresolved questions about the effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the male reproductive tract. Other receptors involved during the invasion of human cells by SARS-CoV-2 remain to be identified. Will the mutation of SARS-CoV-2 increase the diversity of receptors? How does SARS-CoV-2 affect the HPG axis? The long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the male reproductive system remain to be evaluated. SARS-CoV-2 infection can affect male reproductive function. Standard treatment strategies should be developed in time to protect the fertility of infected patients. For recovered patients with fertility requirements, fertility assessments should be performed and professional fertility guidance should be provided at the same time.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Genitalia, Male , Humans , Male , Reproduction , SARS-CoV-2 , Testis
10.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-324184

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore discrepancy in CT manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients outside Wuhan between cases with a history of exposure to Wuhan and with the second-generation infection. Methods: : Twenty-two patients with confirmed COVID-19 from two hospitals in Nanchong outside Wuhan were enrolled. All patients underwent initial and follow-up computed tomography after admission, and were divided into two groups. Group A and B were composed of 15 patients with a history of exposure to Wuhan and 7 with the second-generation infection in Nanchong, respectively. Initial CT features including extent score and density score between groups were statistically compared. Results: : All patients in group A had abnormal CT findings while 3 of 7 patients in group B had. Patients with abnormal CT findings were more frequent in group A than in group B ( P < 0.05). On initial CT, pure ground glass opacity (GGO), and GGO with consolidation and/or other abnormalities were found in 20% (3/15) and 80% (12/15) patients in group A, respectively, while 1 (14.3%), 2 (28.6%) and 4 (57.1%) had pure GGO, GGO with focal consolidation, and normal CT appearances in Group B, respectively. Patients with extent and density scores of ≥5 were more frequent in group A than in group B ( P s < 0.01). Additionally, 3 of 4 (75%) patients with normal initial CT findings had focal pure GGO lesions on follow-up CT. Conclusion: The COVID-19 in patients with a history of exposure to Wuhan can be severer than with the second-generation infection on CT.

11.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-322989

ABSTRACT

Background: Infections induced by influenza viruses, as well as coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic induced by severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) led to acute lung injury (ALI) and multi organ failure, during which traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) played an important role in treatment of the pandemic. The study aimed to investigate the effect of Indigo Naturalis on ALI induced by influenza A virus (IAV) in mice. Method: The anti-influenza and anti-inflammatory properties of aqueous extract of Indigo Naturalis (INAE) were evaluated in vitro . BALB/c mice inoculated intranasally with IAV (H1N1) were treated intragastrically with INAE (40, 80 and 160 mg·kg -1 /d) 2 h later for 4 or 7 days. Animal lifespan and mortality were recorded. Expression of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB-1) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were evaluated through immunohistological staining. Inflammatory cytokines were also monitored by ELISA. Result: INAE inhibited virus replication on Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells and decreased nitric oxide (NO) production from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal macrophages in vitro . The results showed that oral administration of 160 mg/kg of INAE significantly improved the lifespan ( P < 0.01) and survival rate of IAV infected mice, improved lung injury and lowered viral replication in lung tissue ( P < 0.01). Treatment with INAE (40, 80 and 160 mg/kg) significantly increased liver weight and liver index ( P < 0.05), as well as weight and organ index of thymus and spleen at 160 mg/kg ( P < 0.05). Serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were reduced by INAE administration ( P < 0.05). The expression of HMGB-1 and TLR4 in lung tissue were also suppressed. The increased production of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and methylene dioxyamphetamine (MDA) in lung tissue were inhibited by INAE treatment ( P < 0.05). Treatment with INAE reduced the high levels of interferon α (IFN-α), interferon β (IFN-β), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted factor (RANTES), interferon induced protein-10 (IP-10), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) ( P < 0.05), with increased production of interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) ( P < 0.05). Conclusion: The results showed that INAE alleviated IAV induced ALI in mice. The mechanisms of INAE were associated with its anti-influenza, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation properties. Indigo Naturalis might have clinical potential to treat ALI induced by IAV.

12.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-310727

ABSTRACT

It is still nontrivial to develop a new fast COVID-19 screening method with the easier access and lower cost, due to the technical and cost limitations of the current testing methods in the medical resource-poor districts. On the other hand, there are more and more ocular manifestations that have been reported in the COVID-19 patients as growing clinical evidence[1]. This inspired this project. We have conducted the joint clinical research since January 2021 at the ShiJiaZhuang City, Heibei province, China, which approved by the ethics committee of The fifth hospital of ShiJiaZhuang of Hebei Medical University. We undertake several blind tests of COVID-19 patients by Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. Meantime as an important part of the ongoing globally COVID-19 eye test program by AIMOMICS since February 2020, we propose a new fast screening method of analyzing the eye-region images, captured by common CCD and CMOS cameras. This could reliably make a rapid risk screening of COVID-19 with the sustainable stable high performance in different countries and races. Our model for COVID-19 rapid prescreening have the merits of the lower cost, fully self-performed, non-invasive, importantly real-time, and thus enables the continuous health surveillance. We further implement it as the open accessible APIs, and provide public service to the world. Our pilot experiments show that our model is ready to be usable to all kinds of surveillance scenarios, such as infrared temperature measurement device at airports and stations, or directly pushing to the target people groups smartphones as a packaged application.

13.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-309731

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been a threat to global public health. Prompt patient identification and quarantine is the most effective way to control its rapid transmission, which can be facilitated by early detection of viral antigens. Here we present a platform to develop and optimize the fibronectin-based affinity-enhanced antibody mimetics (monobodies) for recognizing viral antigens. Specifically, we developed monobodies targeting SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein. We showed that two monobodies, NN2 and NC2, bind to N protein’s N- and C-terminal domains respectively with a Kd in nM range.The specificity of the recognition was confirmed with co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assays. Furthermore, we demonstrated that one round of in vitro maturation using mRNA display can improve the binding affinity of monobodies. Machine learning algorithms were integrated with deep sequencing data for selecting candidates that improve the detection sensitivity of N. Using this pair of monobodies, we have developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for viral detection. We were able to detect recombinant N at 4 pg/ml and detect N in viral culture supernatant, with no cross-reactivity with other CoV. Integrating high-dense mutagenesis, mRNA display, deep sequencing and machine learning, this platform can be applied through iterations to identify and optimize monobodies against emerging viral antigens, potentiating point-of-care detection of communicable diseases in a cost-and time-sensitive manner.Authors Yushen Du, Tian-hao Zhang, Xiangzhi Meng, Yuan Shi, and Menglong Hu contributed equally to this work.

14.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-307716

ABSTRACT

Background: In December 2019, a cluster of patients associated with a seafood wholesale market was confirmed having infected the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, China. As of Feb 11, 2020, 43144 cases of the 2019-nCoV infection have been confirmed in the world, and person-to-person transmission has been recognized. To our knowledge, there are no reports regarding the 2019-nCoV pneumonia infected by cluster transmission within a family. The amount of close contact suspect was increasing. We reported cases of family cluster transmission of the 2019-nCoV infection, showing the differences in computed tomography (CT) manifestations and symptoms between patients with and without history of exposure to the epidemic area (Wuhan). Case Presentation: A 48-year-old man was presented to the hospital in Jan 30, 2020 with a 2-day history of low fever and chill. He had traveled to Wuhan City of Hubei Province of China 12 days before, and was confirmed having the 2019-nCoV infection based on his positive CT manifestations, clinical signs, and real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction results. The other three members of his family without history of exposure to the epidemic area (Wuhan) were subsequently identified having the 2019-nCoV transmissive infection based on the positive findings of real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction, but they did not have abnormal CT manifestations and clinical signs. Conclusion: For patients who have history of exposure to the epidemic area (Wuhan), the 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia can be identified by real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction testing and chest CT together with the symptoms. But for patients without exposure to the epidemic area, the 2019-nCoV infection can be confirmed by real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction testing and history of close contact with confirmed patients who have history of exposure to the epidemic area.

15.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the diagnosis of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia and to provide experience in the early detection and diagnosis of 2019-nCoV pneumonia. Methods: : 72 patients confirmed to be infected with 2019-nCoV from multiple medical centers in western China were retrospectively analyzed, including epidemiologic characteristics, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and HRCT chest features. Results: : All patients had lung parenchymal abnormalities on HRCT scans, which were mostly multifocal in both lungs and asymmetric in all patients, and were mostly in the peripheral or subpleural lung regions in 52 patients (72.22%), in the central lung regions in sixteen (22.22%), and in both lungs, with "white lung "manifestations in four (5.56%). Subpleural multifocal consolidation was predominant abnormality in 38 patients (52.78%). Ground-glass opacity was seen in 34 patients (47.22%). Interlobular septal thickening was found in 18patients, of which eight had only generally mild thickening with no zonal predominance. Reticulation was seen in 8 patients (11.11%), in all of whom it was mild and randomly distributed. In addition, both lungs of 28 patients had two or three CT imaging features. Out of these 72 patients, 36 were diagnosed as early stage, 32 patients as progressive stage and 4 patient as severe stage pneumonia. Moreover, the diagnostic accuracy of HRCT features combined with epidemiological history was not significantly different from the detection of viral nucleic acid (all P >0.05). Conclusion: The HRCT features of 2019-nCoV pneumonia are characteristic to a certain degree, which when combined with epidemiological history yield high clinical value in the early detection and diagnosis of 2019-nCoV pneumonia.Authors Hong-Wei Li, Li-Hua Zhuo, Gao-Wu Yan contributed equally to this work.

16.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-315186

ABSTRACT

Background: Our study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of a novel inflammatory index, systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), with the clinical outcomes of patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods We evaluated a cohort study of COVID-19 patients (18–95 years old) in Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 28th 2020 to February 29th 2020. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups (including low-SII group and high-SII group) according to the cut-off point which is analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Univariate and multivariate COX regression analysis were performed to identify the factors associated with the outcomes of patients with COVID-19 infection. The primary and secondary outcome were in-hospital mortality and the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), respectively.Results A number of 326 adult patients (43.87% males, 61.22 ± 0.86 years) were enrolled in the final analyses. There were 147 cases (45.09%) died in hospital and 116 patients (35.58%) developed ARDS. ROC curve analysis indicated that the SII had a greater prediction accuracy in predicting the in-hospital mortality (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.789, sensitivity = 69.90%, specificity = 70.80%) and the development of ARDS (AUC = 0.736, sensitivity = 67.80%, specificity = 71.10%). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients in high-SII group had a greater risk of adverse clinical outcomes (all P  < 0.001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that elevated SII was found as the risk predictor of in-hospital mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.839, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.116–7.222, P  = 0.028) and the developed ARDS (HR = 6.832, 95%CI = 2.583–18.074, P  < 0.001). Additional significant independent predictor for adverse outcomes was the lymphocyte proportion. What’s more, it suggests that the invasive mechanical ventilation performed in the early stage of the disease progression may be beneficial for patients.Conclusion SII, a novel biomarker, might be a remarkable prognostic indicator to assess the in-hospital mortality and the development of ARDS in patients with COVID-19 and help for clinical risk assessment.

17.
J Food Biochem ; 2022 Feb 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1673175

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 wreaks havoc around the world, triggering the COVID-19 pandemic. It has been confirmed that the endoribonuclease NSP15 is crucial to the viral replication, and thus identified as a potential drug target against COVID-19. The NSP15 protein was used as the target to conduct high-throughput virtual screening on 30,926 natural products from the NPASS database to identify potential NSP15 inhibitors. And 100 ns molecular dynamics simulations were performed on the NSP15 and NSP15-NPC198199 system. In all, 10 natural products with high docking scores with NSP15 protein were obtained, among which compound NPC198199 scored the highest. The analysis of the binding mode between NPC198199 and NSP15 found that NPC198199 would form H-bond interactions with multiple key residues at the catalytic site. Subsequently, a series of post-dynamics simulation analyses (including RMSD, RMSF, PCA, DCCM, RIN, binding free energy, and H-bond occupancy) were performed to further explore inhibitory mechanism of compound NPC198199 on NSP15 protein at the molecular level. The research strongly indicates that the 10 natural compounds screened can be used as potential inhibitors of NSP15, and provides valuable information for the subsequent drug discovery of anti-SARS-CoV-2. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Natural products play an important role in the treatment of many difficult diseases. In this study, high-throughput virtual screening technology was used to screen the natural product database to obtain potential inhibitors against endoribonuclease NSP15. The binding mechanism between natural products and NSP15 was investigated at the molecular level by molecular dynamics technology so that it is expected to become candidate drugs for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2. We hope that our research can provide new clue to combat COVID-19 and overcome the epidemic situation as soon as possible.

19.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 138, 2021 Dec 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1581999

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and the resulting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a substantial burden on health-care systems around the world. This is a randomized parallel controlled trial for assessment of the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, aiming to determine an appropriate vaccination interval of the vaccine for high-risk occupational population. METHODS: In an ongoing randomized, parallel, controlled phase IV trial between January and May 2021 in Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, China, we randomly assigned the airport ground staff and public security officers aged 18 to 59 years to receive two doses of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine at 14 days, 21 days, or 28 days. The serum neutralizing antibody to live SARS-CoV-2 was performed at baseline and 28 days after immunization. Long-term data are being collected. The primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and geometric mean titer (GMT) at 28 days after the second dose. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square, and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 809 participants underwent randomization and received two doses of injections: 270, 270, 269 in the 0-14, 0-21, and 0-28 vaccination group, respectively. By day 28 after the second injection, SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody of GMT was 98.4 (95% CI: 88.4-108.4) in the 0-14 group, which was significantly lower compared with 134.4 (95% CI: 123.1-145.7) in the 0-21 group (P < 0.001 vs 0-14 group) and 145.5 (95% CI: 131.3-159.6) in the 0-28 group (P < 0.001 vs 0-14 group), resulting in the seroconversion rates to neutralizing antibodies (GMT ≥ 16) of 100.0% for all three groups, respectively. The intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis yielded similar results. All reported adverse reactions were mild. CONCLUSIONS: Both a two-dose of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine at 0-21 days and 0-28 days regimens significantly improved SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody level compared to the 0-14 days regimen in high-risk occupational population, with seroconversion rates of 100.0%. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2100041705, ChiCTR2100041706. Registered 1 January 2021, www.chictr.org.cn .


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Antibodies, Viral , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(12)2021 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1542824

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to numerous tragic deaths all over the world. Great efforts have been made by worldwide nations for COVID-19 targeted vaccine development since the disease outbreak. In January 2021, the Chinese government started to provide free vaccination among nationwide communities, which was optional for citizens. As no evidence has been provided so far regarding COVID-19 vaccination acceptance since the initiation of nationwide vaccination, this study aims to investigate COVID-19 vaccination acceptance among Chinese citizens as well as its associated factors as an attempt to bridge such gap embedded in the current literature. An anonymous cross-sectional study was conducted online in March and April 2021 among adults, with the survey questionnaire designed based on the framework of the health belief model (HBM). Information on socio-demographics, risk perception, past pandemic-related experience, awareness of vaccination as well as acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination were collected. Chi-squared test and multi-level regression were performed to distinguish the acceptance between different groups as well as to identify the significant predictors. A total of 3940 participants completed the survey, with 90.6% of the participants reporting strong willingness to get vaccinated. A list of factors were found to be significantly associated with individuals' acceptance of vaccination, including the region of residence, ethnicity, annual income, whether or not they had experienced a major pandemic event in the past, risk perception of the COVID-19 as well as the awareness of receiving vaccination. Safety concerns about the vaccine (27.7%), concerns about receiving vaccination immediately after newly developed vaccines were released into the market (22.4%) as well as concerns about the potential side effects induced by vaccination (22.1%) were identified as the primary reasons of residents' resistance against vaccination. Overall, residents demonstrated strong willingness to receive vaccination against COVID-19 in China. However, the improvement of vaccination-related knowledge among Chinese residents should be highlighted as a critical strategy to facilitate the penetration of nationwide vaccination in order to ultimately achieve the establishment of herd immunity in China.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL