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1.
Chinese Physics B ; 31(7):12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1927259

ABSTRACT

Under the background of Covid-19 sweeping the world, safe and reasonable passenger flow management strategy in subway stations is an effective means to prevent the spread of virus. Based on the social force model and the minimum cost model, the movement and path selection behavior of passengers in the subway station are modeled, and a strategy for passenger flow management to maintain a safe social distance is put forward. Take Qingdao Jinggangshan Road subway station of China as the simulation scene, the validity of the simulation model is verified by comparing the measured value and simulation value of the time required for passengers from getting off the train to the ticket gate. Simulation results indicate that controlling the time interval between incoming passengers at the entrance can effectively control the social distance between passengers and reduce the risk of epidemic infection. By comparing the evacuation process of passengers under different initial densities, it is found that the greater the initial density of passengers is, the longer the passengers are at risk social distance. In the process of passenger emergency evacuation, the stairs/escalators and ticket gates are bottleneck areas with high concentration of passenger density, which should be strictly disinfected many times on the basis of strictly checking the health code of incoming passengers and controlling the arrival time interval. The simulation results of this paper verify the harmfulness of passenger emergency evacuation without protective measures, and provide theoretical support for the operation and management of subway station under the epidemic situation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology ; 29(1):1-7, 2022.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1791590

ABSTRACT

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can cause respiratory symptoms such as fever, cough and dyspnea after infection, and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death can occur in severe cases.SARS-CoV-2 infection has no specific treatment drugs, mainly rely on vaccination to block its transmission.In various structural proteins of SARS-CoV-2, Spike protein (S) and Nucleocapsid protein (N) are the main antigenic proteins, which are also important candidate proteins for developing SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and antibody detection reagents.To express chimeric protein containing multiple epitopes of SARS-CoV-2 by prokaryotic expression system, and to verify the immunogenicity of the chimeric protein, antigenic epitopes of SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins were analyzed and screened by molecular biology software, the selected antigenic epitopes were connected in tandem, and expressed high efficiently in E.coli as a chimeric protein by genetic engineering technology.The soluble chimeric protein of high purity was obtained after purification and renaturation.Mice were immunized with the purified chimeric protein together with MF59 adjuvant, aluminum adjuvant or no adjuvant at different doses respectively.Humoral immunity and cellular immunity induced by the chimeric protein were evaluated by detecting the antibody titer of antiserum and the level of related cytokine.The expressed chimeric protein was in the form of inclusion body and exists in the sediment, soluble chimeric protein was obtained after renaturation.The specific antibodies with high titer were produced in the immunized mice, and strong cellular immunity was induced also.Higher concentration of chimeric protein had better elicited immune effect than the lower concentration of chimeric protein.The immune effect induced by the chimeric protein with MF59 adjuvant was no different from that induced with aluminum adjuvant.This study provides novel ideas for the design and renaturation of SARS-CoV-2 chimeric protein, and the chimeric protein is expected to be used for the development of SARS-CoV-2 recombinant protein vaccine and diagnosis reagent.

3.
European Journal of Immunology ; 51:241-241, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1717637
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10874-10878, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-914963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to survey medical staff's acceptance of online Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) during the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (NCP), and to know some information of physical and emotional response of those medical staff who worked at the forefront of COVID-19, through the playback amount of the online MBSR training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Considering the working environment of medical staff in forefront of NCP, we designed and recorded MBSR audio album including 13 sessions, covering 24 hours of a day, then sent the album to medical staff who had been working in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. We collected the playback amount in each session on February 10th and February 24th, which were one week and three weeks after the album was finished. RESULTS: On February 10th and February 24th, there were separately 5778 and 10640 times of broadcasting. The highest broadcasting frequency session was at 5:00 am, followed by 7:00 am. The least broadcasting frequency sessions were 17:00 pm and 19:00 pm. The broadcasting amount in the 6 periods of the night (from 21:00 pm to 7:00 am) was significantly higher than those in the daytime (from 9:00 am to 19:00 pm), with a statistical difference. The tendency of the amount of playback was consistent, which was not affected by the specific content of the mindfulness exercises. CONCLUSIONS: Online MBSR exercises were well accepted by medical staff in the COVID-19. It may help them relax and reduce the risk of stress reactions. During the NCP, medical staff may have different degrees of sleep and emotional problems, which need to be paid more attention to.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Medical Staff/psychology , Mindfulness/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Stress, Psychological/therapy , COVID-19 , China , Female , Humans , Internet-Based Intervention , Male , Pandemics , Social Media , Treatment Outcome
5.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5):803-808, 2020.
Article in Chinese | PubMed | ID: covidwho-847673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the environmental contamination degree of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wards, to offer gui-dance for the infection control and to improve safety practices for medical staff, by sampling and detecting SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid from the air of hospital wards, the high-frequency contact surfaces in the contaminated area and the surfaces of medical staff's protective equipment in a COVID-19 designated hospital in Wuhan, China. METHODS: From March 11 to March 19, 2020, we collected air samples from the clean area, the buffer room and the contaminated area respectively in the COVID-19 wards using a portable bioaerosol concentrator WA-15. And sterile premoistened swabs were used to sample the high-frequency contacted surfaces in the contaminated area and the surfaces of medical staff's protective equipment including outermost gloves, tracheotomy operator's positive pressure respiratory protective hood and isolation clothing. The SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid of the samples were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. During the isolation medical observation period, those medical staff who worked in the COVID-19 wards were detected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid with oropharyngeal swabs, IgM and IgG antibody in the sera, and chest CT scans to confirm the infection status of COVID-19. RESULTS: No SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected in the tested samples, including the 90 air samples from the COVID-19 wards including clean area, buffer room and contaminated area, the 38 high-frequency contact surfaces samples of the contaminated area and 16 surface samples of medical staff's protective equipment including outermost gloves and isolation clothing. Moreover, detection of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by oropharyngeal swabs and IgM, IgG antibodies in the sera of all the health-care workers who participated in the treatment for COVID-19 were all negative. Besides, no chest CT scan images of medical staff exhibited COVID-19 lung presentations. CONCLUSION: Good ventilation conditions, strict disinfection of environmental facilities in hospital wards, guidance for correct habits in patients, and strict hand hygiene during medical staff are important to reduce the formation of viral aerosols, cut down the aerosol load, and avoid cross-infection in isolation wards. In the face of infectious diseases that were not fully mastered but ma-naged as class A, it is safe for medical personnel to be equipped at a high level.

6.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(4): 332-334, 2020 Apr 12.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-591071

ABSTRACT

Endotracheal intubation is an independent risk factor for respiratory infectious diseases. We conducted a retrospective study in 12 cases with COVID-19 who underwent endotracheal intubation at ICU of the Guangzhou eighth hospital from January 20 to February 10, 2020. The intubation procedure, anesthetic regimen, and complication were collected and analyzed. The 9 healthcare workers who involved in intubation received virus nucleic acid test and 14 days temperature monitoring. All 12 patients were successfully intubated under the guidance of bronchoscope, without any complications. Midazolam, Propofol and Morphine or fentanyl were used for sedation and analgesia, avoiding patients cough and agitated during the procedure. The 9 healthcare workers were protected under the Personal Protective Equipment(PPE) with positive pressure protective hood. The detection of oropharyngeal swab virus nucleic acid were negative in all 9 healthcare workers, none of them had fever or any respiratory symptoms. The PPE with positive pressure protective hood should be needed to perform bronchoscope-guided endotracheal intubation in patients with COVID-19, it could strengthen to protect healthcare workers from virus exposure.


Subject(s)
Bronchoscopes , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Intubation, Intratracheal , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infection Control , Intensive Care Units , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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