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ACS Med Chem Lett ; 12(11): 1838-1844, 2021 Nov 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1507014


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has stimulated the search for effective drugs for its prevention and treatment. Natural products are an important source for new drug discovery. Here, we report that, NK007(S,R), a tylophorine malate, displays high antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 with an EC50 0.03 µM in vitro, which is substantially lower than that of remdesivir (EC50: 0.8 µM in vitro), the only authorized drug to date. The histopathological research revealed that NK007(S,R) (5 mg/kg/dose) displayed a protection effect in lung injury induced by SARS-CoV-2, which is better than remdesivir (25 mg/kg/dose). We also prepared two nanosized preparations of NK007(S,R), which also showed good efficacy (EC50: NP-NK007, 0.007 µM in vitro; LP-NK007, 0.014 µM in vitro). Our findings suggest that tylophora alkaloids, isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Cynanchum komarovii AL, offer a new skeleton for the development of anticoronavirus drug candidate.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 35: 20587384211048567, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1463208


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had become a worldwide health threat. Early prediction of the severity of COVID-19 patients was important for reducing death rate and controlling this disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 301 patients confirmed with COVID-19 in Wuhan from 8 February to 10 April 2020 were included. Clinical data were collected and analyzed. Diagnostic and prognostic utility of blood cell counts and lymphocyte subsets in COVID-19 patients were investigated. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was used in discriminating the mild and severe/critical cases. RESULTS: There were difference in blood cell counts and lymphocyte subsets among mild, severe and critical patients, which were also influenced by comorbidities and duration of disease. The area under the ROC of lymphocyte, CD3+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells were 0.718, 0.721, 0.718, and 0.670, which were higher than that of other hematological parameters. The optimal threshold was 1205, 691, 402, and 177 per µl, respectively. Patients with higher counts of lymphocyte, CD3+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, or CD8+ T cells were correlated with shorter length of stay in hospital (p < 0.05). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed disease severity, CD3+ T cells counts and time when the nucleic acid turned negative were independent risk factors for in-hospital death of COVID-19 patients (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Blood cell counts and lymphocyte subsets correlated with severity of COVID-19.

COVID-19/immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/virology , China , Female , Hospital Mortality , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Lymphocyte Subsets/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors , Young Adult
Sens Actuators B Chem ; 337: 129786, 2021 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1146819


The rapid and sensitive diagnosis of the highly contagious severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is one of the crucial issues at the outbreak of the ongoing global pandemic that has no valid cure. Here, we propose a SARS-CoV-2 antibody conjugated magnetic graphene quantum dots (GQDs)-based magnetic relaxation switch (MRSw) that specifically recognizes the SARS-CoV-2. The probe of MRSw can be directly mixed with the test sample in a fully sealed vial without sample pretreatment, which largely reduces the testers' risk of infection during the operation. The closed-tube one-step strategy to detect SARS-CoV-2 is developed with home-made ultra-low field nuclear magnetic resonance (ULF NMR) relaxometry working at 118 µT. The magnetic GQDs-based probe shows ultra-high sensitivity in the detection of SARS-CoV-2 due to its high magnetic relaxivity, and the limit of detection is optimized to 248 Particles mL‒1. Meanwhile, the detection time in ULF NMR system is only 2 min, which can significantly improve the efficiency of detection. In short, the magnetic GQDs-based MRSw coupled with ULF NMR can realize a rapid, safe, and sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2.