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EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-319493

ABSTRACT

Objective: Few studies have investigated the psychological impact throughout a major epidemic, such as COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the psychological state of individuals experienced quarantine and to provide evidence to reduce the impact of quarantine after COVID-19. Methods: : A questionnaire-based survey conducted by using an internet site using 631 individuals who lived in China in the year 2020. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used for the data analysis. Results: : Approximately 9.97% of the study participants reported that they did not feel good about his or her health condition. Approximately 50.16% of participants had experienced various levels of anxious and nervous feelings. Approximately 5.91% of participants reported anxious or nervous feelings almost every day. By using the spearman rank correlation analysis, we observed that anxious and nervous feelings appeared to be correlated with the frequency of receiving negative news, current health situation and time spent on receiving information related to COVID-19. Conclusion: A long-term quarantine is likely to have some level of impact on health conditions among relatively healthy individuals. The survey study may suggest that government and hospital workers should pay close attention to the psychological change experienced by quarantined individuals.

2.
J Dig Dis ; 21(9): 512-518, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-670044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Abnormal liver function is a common form of extra-pulmonary organ damage in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Patients with severe COVID-19 have a higher probability and progression of liver injury than those without severe disease. We aimed to evaluate the prognosis of liver injury in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We retrospectively included 502 patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical features and survival of patients with and without liver injury were compared. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the variables that might have an effect on survival. RESULTS: Among the 502 patients enrolled, 301 patients had abnormal liver function with increased neutrophil count, C-reactive protein, creatinine, troponin I (TnI), D-dimer, lactose dehydrogenase and creatine kinase. Patients with abnormal liver functions had a higher mortality rate (28.9% vs 9.0%, P < 0.001), a higher ratio of male sex (65.1% vs 40.8%, P < 0.001) and a higher chance of developing systemic inflammatory response syndrome (53.5% vs 41.3%, P = 0.007). Among patients with abnormal liver functions, patients with grade 2 liver damage (with both abnormal alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase levels and abnormal alkaline phosphatase or gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels) had a higher ratio of male patients, elevated neutrophil count, procalcitonin, D-dimer levels and mortality rate. Multivariate Cox regression analyses suggested that the grade of liver damage (hazard ratio: 1.377, 95% confidence interval: 1.000-1.896, P = 0.049) was an independent predictor of death. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COVID-19 and abnormal liver functions have a higher mortality than those with normal liver functions. Liver damage is an independent prognostic factor of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Coronavirus Infections , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hepatic Insufficiency , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Female , Hepatic Insufficiency/blood , Hepatic Insufficiency/diagnosis , Hepatic Insufficiency/etiology , Humans , Leukocyte Count/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Procalcitonin/blood , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
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