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1.
Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET ; 22(1):80-98, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20238687

ABSTRACT

Qualitative content analysis is used in this study to review related online education since the outbreak of COVID-19. The aim of this study was to summarize the impact of online teaching on the education industry during the pandemic, sum up the viewpoints of all kinds of people to draw conclusions, and conclude the practical countermeasures. Based on the result of the analysis, firstly, we think that students and teachers are satisfied with online education, but parents have expressed dissatisfaction with this kind of education. Secondly, this paper lists the advantages and common problems of online teaching during study at home from different aspects. According to deficits, we summarize the solutions from three aspects: network equipment, teaching, and self-adjustment. This research is of great significance. It is not only beneficial to the development of educational platforms and personalized teaching but also helps formulate education policy to reduce the burden of education.

2.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1158859, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2313613

ABSTRACT

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a hematopoietic growth factor originally identified as a stimulus that induces the differentiation of bone marrow progenitor cells into granulocytes and macrophages. GM-CSF is now considered to be a multi-origin and pleiotropic cytokine. GM-CSF receptor signals activate JAK2 and induce nuclear signals through the JAK-STAT, MAPK, PI3K, and other pathways. In addition to promoting the metabolism of pulmonary surfactant and the maturation and differentiation of alveolar macrophages, GM-CSF plays a key role in interstitial lung disease, allergic lung disease, alcoholic lung disease, and pulmonary bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. This article reviews the latest knowledge on the relationship between GM-CSF and lung balance and lung disease, and indicates that there is much more to GM-CSF than its name suggests.


Subject(s)
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Lung , Humans , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Macrophages, Alveolar , Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism
3.
TOJET : The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology ; 22(1), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2168892

ABSTRACT

Qualitative content analysis is used in this study to review related online education since the outbreak of COVID-19. The aim of this study was to summarize the impact of online teaching on the education industry during the pandemic, sum up the viewpoints of all kinds of people to draw conclusions, and conclude the practical countermeasures. Based on the result of the analysis, firstly, we think that students and teachers are satisfied with online education, but parents have expressed dissatisfaction with this kind of education. Secondly, this paper lists the advantages and common problems of online teaching during study at home from different aspects. According to deficits, we summarize the solutions from three aspects: network equipment, teaching, and self-adjustment. This research is of great significance. It is not only beneficial to the development of educational platforms and personalized teaching but also helps formulate education policy to reduce the burden of education.

4.
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation ; : 1-22, 2022.
Article in English | Taylor & Francis | ID: covidwho-1852811
5.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(6): 1096-1104, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1404664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study data about SARS-CoV-2 virus shedding and clarify the risk factors for prolonged virus shedding. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Wuhan Union Hospital. We compared clinical features among patients with prolonged (a positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA on day 23 after illness onset) and short virus shedding and evaluated risk factors associated with prolonged virus shedding by multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 238 patients, the median age was 55.5 years, 57.1% were female, 92.9% (221/238) were administered with arbidol, 58.4% (139/238) were given arbidol in combination with interferon. The median duration of SARS-CoV-2 virus shedding was 23 days (IQR, 17.8-30 days) with a longest one of 51 days. The patients with prolonged virus shedding had higher value of D-dimer (P=0.002), IL-6 (P<0.001), CRP (P=0.005) and more lobes lung lesion (P=0.014) on admission, as well as older age (P=0.017) and more patients with hypertension (P=0.044) than in those the virus shedding less than 23 days. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that prolonged viral shedding was significantly associated with initiation arbidol >8 days after symptom onset [OR: 2.447, 95% CI (1.351-4.431)], ≥3 days from onset of symptoms to first medical visitation [OR: 1.880, 95% CI (1.035-3.416)], illness onset before Jan. 31, 2020 [OR: 3.289, 95% CI (1.474-7.337)]. Arbidol in combination with interferon was also significantly associated with shorter virus shedding [OR: 0.363, 95% CI (0.191-0.690)]. CONCLUSION: Duration of SARS-CoV-2 virus shedding was long. Early initiation of arbidol and arbidol in combination with interferon as well as consulting doctor timely after illness onset were helpful for SARS-CoV-2 clearance.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , COVID-19/virology , Indoles/administration & dosage , SARS-CoV-2 , Virus Shedding , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Interferons/administration & dosage , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Pandemics , RNA, Viral/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Time Factors , Virus Shedding/drug effects
6.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 24-30, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1082574

ABSTRACT

The role of corticosteroids in the treatment of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is controversial. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of adjuvant corticosteroids treatment on the outcome of patients with COVID-19 (n=966), using Propensity Score Matching to adjust for potential differences between the corticosteroids group (n=289) and the non-corticosteroids group (n=677). Analysis of data without adjusting differences in baseline characteristics indicated that the proportion of mechanical ventilation and the mortality was higher in the corticosteroids treatment group in total or severe/critical patients. The duration of viral shedding was longer in the non-corticosteroids treatment group in total or general/mild patients. After adjusting the difference between the corticosteroids and non-corticosteroids treatment group, the analysis revealed that the use of corticosteroids had no effect on the duration of viral shedding, in-hospital mortality or 28-day mortality.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , COVID-19 Drug Treatment , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Virus Shedding/drug effects
7.
J Investig Med ; 69(1): 52-55, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-835516

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 raised tension both within China and internationally. Here, we used mathematical modeling to predict the trend of patient diagnosis outside China in future, with the aim of easing anxiety regarding the emergent situation. According to all diagnosis number from WHO website and combining with the transmission mode of infectious diseases, the mathematical model was fitted to predict future trend of outbreak. Daily diagnosis numbers from countries outside China were downloaded from WHO situation reports. The data used for this analysis were collected from January 21, 2020 and currently end at February 28, 2020. A simple regression model was developed based on these numbers, as follows: [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the total diagnosed patient till the i-th day and t=1 at February 1, 2020. Based on this model, we estimate that there were approximately 34 undetected founder patients at the beginning of the spread of COVID-19 outside China. The global trend was approximately exponential, with an increase rate of 10-fold every 19 days. Through establishment of this model, we call for worldwide strong public health actions, with reference to the experiences learned from China and Singapore.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Epidemics , Global Health/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , Humans , Models, Theoretical , World Health Organization
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